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Red-eared guenon

Red-eared guenon[1]
Red-Eared Guenon at CERCOPAN sanctuary.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Cercopithecus
Species: C. erythrotis
Binomial name
Cercopithecus erythrotis
Waterhouse, 1838[3]
Red-eared Guenon area.png
Red-eared guenon range

The red-eared guenon, red-eared monkey, or russet-eared guenon (Cercopithecus erythrotis) is a species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Nigeria. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss,[2] illegal bushmeat hunting and pet trade.

Description

The red-eared guenon is a small, colourful monkey with distinctive facial markings which involve blue fur around its eyes, a brick-red nose and ears, and yellow cheeks. The silky fur on the body consists of banded brown and pale hairs with grey limbs and a long, red tail. The long tails are partially prehensile and are used by infants to cling to the female. The red eared guenon is an unobtrusive species which produces a quiet trill, unlike the loud long distance calls made by other guenons.[4] Males average 420mm head and bodylength, with a 609mm long tail, females are smaller with a mean head and body length of 384mm and an average tail length of 553mm.[5]

Distribution and subspecies

There are two recognised subspecies, which are listed below with their distributions:[3][5]

Habitat

The red-eared guenon is found in primary and secondary lowland tropical and sub-montane moist forest, and sometimes lives in close proximity to humans, as on Bioko.[2]

Habits

The red-eared guenon is omnivorous and has been recorded eating fruit, leaves, shoots and insects, the latter are important for nutrition, especially for pregnant and lactating females. The red-eared guenon normally forms groups consisting of at least one adult male and around ten females with young which are not as hierarchical as some primate societies. They are territorial but they usually avoid conflict with other groups. The breeding biology of red-eared guenons is little known but similar species give birth to a single infant every one to three years, with pregnancy taking five or six months.

Threats

The red-eared guenon is threatened by deforestation and by the bushmeat trade, particularly on Bioko, where it is frequently recorded in bushmeat market in Malabo.[2]

References

  1. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 156. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b c d Oates, J. F.; Gippoliti, S. & Groves, C. P. (2008). "Cercopithecus erythrotis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T4218A10651543. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T4218A10651543.en. Retrieved 12 January 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "Cercopithecus erythrotis Waterhouse, 1838". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) ([www.itis.gov]). Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  4. ^ "Red-eared Guenon (Cercopithecus erythrotis)". Wildscreen Arkive. Wildscreen. Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Jonathan Kingdon; David Happold; Thomas Butynski; Michael Hoffmann; Meredith Happold; Jan Kalina (2013). Mammals of Africa Volumes 1-6. A&C Black. pp. 373–375. ISBN 1408189968.