Cities and towns in the eastern portion of Asansol Sadar subdivision in Paschim Bardhaman district MC: Municipal Corporation, CT: census town, N: neighbourhood, R: rural centre Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.
Nunia, a small stream about 40 km (25 mi) long has its origin near Adra village in the Salanpur area, flows through the Barabani area and joins the Damodar in the Raniganj area.
Gram panchayats under Raniganj Panchayat Samiti are: Ratibati, Tirat, Egra, Amrasota, Jemari and Ballavpur.
The current MLA from Raniganj legislative assembly constituency is Runu Dutta and current MP from Asansol Lok Sabha Constituency is Babul Supriyo. The mayor of Asansol Municipal Corporation is Jitendra Kumar Tiwary
As per the 2011 census, 83.33% of the population of Asansol Sadar subdivision was urban and 16.67% was rural. Asansol Sadar subdivision has 26 (+1 partly) Census Towns (partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map).
The headquarters of Raniganj CD Block are located at Raniganj.
As per the 2011 Census of India Raniganj municipal area had a total population of 129,441, of which 65,578 (52%) were males and 61,863 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 15,721. The total number of literates in Raniganj was 88,299 (87.85% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001[update] India census, Raniganj had a population of 122,891. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Raniganj has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 56%. In Raniganj, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Raniganj Girls' College was established in 1980 at Raniganj. It is affiliated with Kazi Nazrul University. Raniganj Boys High School was established in 1888 at Raniganj. It is affiliated with WBBSE.
Marwari Sanatan Vidyalaya was established in 1912 at Raniganj. It is affiliated with WBBSE.
There is a block primary health centre at Raniganj. Other hospitals at Raniganj include Marwari Relief Society Hospital,Anandlok Hospital,B.N. Agarwal Memorial Hospital,Eye hospital among others.
^"District Census Handbook: Barddhaman"(PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017.