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Ramnagar I

Ramnagar I
Community development block
Ramnagar Rail Station
Ramnagar Rail Station
Ramnagar I is located in West Bengal
Ramnagar I
Ramnagar I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 21°40′18″N 87°33′01″E / 21.671667°N 87.550278°E / 21.671667; 87.550278
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Medinipur
Government
 • TypeCommunity development block
Area
 • Total139.43 km2 (53.83 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total167,330
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
721441 (Ramnagar)
721428 (Digha)
Area code(s)03229
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-29, WB-30, WB-31, WB-32, WB-33
Literacy87.84%
Lok Sabha constituencyKanthi
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRamnagar
Websitepurbamedinipur.gov.in

Ramnagar I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Contai subdivision of Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography

Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.[1][2][3]

Ramnagar is located at 21°40′18″N 87°33′01″E / 21.671667°N 87.550278°E / 21.671667; 87.550278.

Ramnagar I CD Block is bounded by Egra I CD Block in the north, Ramnagar II CD Block in the east, Bay of Bengal in the south and Bhograi Block/Tehsil in Balasore district of Odisha in the west.

It is located 92 km from Tamluk, the district headquarters.

Ramnagar I CD Block has an area of 139.43 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 125 gram sansads (village councils), 150 mouzas and 137 inhabited villages. Ramnagar (part), Digha and Digha Mohana police stations serve this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Ramnagar.[5]

Gram panchayats of Ramnagar I block/ panchayat samiti are: Basantapur, Gobra, Haldia I, Haldia II, Padima I, Padima II, Badhia, Telgachhari I and Telgachhari II.[6]

Present Savapati Nitai Charan Sar and former BDO Tamojit Chakraborty have triumphed thrice nationally to win Best Panchayat Samity Awards. Debabrata Das as Savapati won the award for the first time.

Demographics

Population

As per 2011 Census of India Ramnaga r I CD Block had a total population of 167,330, of which 161,986 were rural and 5,344 were urban. There were 85,230 (51%) males and 82,100 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 18,609. Scheduled Castes numbered 22,047 (13.18%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 766 (0.46%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Ramnagar I block had a total population of 145,418, out of which 74,043 were males and 71,375 were females. Ramnagar I block registered a population growth of 12.15 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]

Census Town in Ramnagar I CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets): Khadalgobra (5,344).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ramnagar I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Badhia (5,979), Damadarpur (4,236) and Mukundapur (5,054).[7]

Other villages in Ramnagar I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Haldia (3,370), Gobra (2,661), Basantapur (1,364), Ramnagar (1,914), Padima (1,548), Telga Chhari (3,421).[7]

Literacy

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Ramnagar I CD Block was 130,639 (87.84% of the population over 6 years) out of which 70,863 (54%) were males and 59,776 (46%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%.[10] Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per the 2001 census, Bengali was the mother-tongue of 90.5%of the population of Purba Medinipur district, followed by Santali (4.6%), Hindi (1.4%), Kurmali Thar (0.7%), Urdu (0.6%), Telugu (0.6%), Odiya (0.4%), Mundari (0.2%), Koda/ Kora (0.1%), Munda (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and others (0.3%). Census information about language is available at the district level or above only.[12]

The West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2012, included Hindi, Santhali, Odiya and Punjabi as official languages if it is spoken by a population exceeding 10 per cent of the whole in a particular block or sub-division or a district. Subsequently, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi and Kurmali were also included in the list of minority languages by the West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018.[13][14]However, as of 2019, there is no official / other reliable information about the areas covered.

Religion in Ramnagar I CD Block
Hindu
86.88%
Muslim
12.93%
Others
0.19%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 145,375 and formed 86.88% of the population in Ramnagar I CD Block. Muslims numbered 21,629 and formed 12.93% of the population. Others numbered 326 and formed 0.19% of the population.[15]

Rural poverty

The District Human Development Report for Purba Medinipur has provided a CD Block-wise data table for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. Ramnagar I CD Block registered 21.31 on the MHPI scale. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI was estimated at 24.78. Eleven out of twentyfive CD Blocks were found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.[16]

Economy

Livelihood

In Ramnagar I CD Block in 2011, total workers formed 34.36% of the total population and amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 19.62%, agricultural labourers 34.26%, household industry workers 2.54% and other workers 43.58.%.[17]

Infrastructure

There are 137 inhabited villages in Ramnagar I CD block. All 137 villages (100%) have power supply. All 137 villages (100%) have drinking water supply. 22 villages (16.06%) have post offices. 125 villages (91.24%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 49 villages (35.77%) have a pucca (paved) approach road and 42 villages (30.66%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 30 villages (21.90%) have agricultural credit societies. 8 villages (5.84%) have banks.[18]

In 2007-08, around 40% of rural households in the district had electricity.[19]

In 2013-14, there were 39 fertiliser depots, 11 seed stores and 30 fair price shops in the CD Block.[17]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Ramnagar I CD Block

  Bargadars (4.72%)
  Patta holders (12.28%)
  Small farmers (3.26%)
  Marginal farmers (37.21%)
  Agricultural labourers (42.53%)

According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season. The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal.[19]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Ramnagar I CD Block was 9,216 hectares, out of which 100 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 1,960 hectares by tank water, 80 hectares by deep tube well and 3,300 hectares by shallow tube well.[17]

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[20] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Ramnagar I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 4.72%, patta (document) holders 12.28%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.26%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 37.21% and agricultural labourers 42.53%.[17]

In 2013-14, Ramnagar I CD Block produced 1,528 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2,018 hectares and 20,531 tonnes of Boro paddy, the spring crop, from 5,944 hectares. It also produced pulses.[17]

Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.[19]

Concentration of Handicraft Activities in CD Blocks
  • Horn Craft - Kolaghat
  • Pata Chitra - Chandipur, Nandakumar
  • Sea Shell – Ramnagar I & II
  • Mat & Mat Diversified Products – Ramnagar I, Egra I & II, Patashpur I
  • Brass & Bell Metal – Ramnagar I, Mahisadal, Patashpur II, Egra I
  • Diversified Jute Products – Ramnagar II, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Cane & Bamboo Products - Chandipur, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Sola Craft - Tamluk, Kolaghat
  • Pottery/Terracotta - Panskura, Tamluk, Sahid Matangini, Nandakumar
  • Wood Craft - Tamluk
  • Zari work- Sutahta, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandakumar

Source: District Human Development Report, Purba Medinipur, Page 97

Pisciculture

Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal.[19]The nett area available for effective pisciculture in Ramnagar I CD Block in 2013-14 was 548.03 hectares. 2,870 persons were engaged in the profession and approximate annual production was 20,880 quintals.[17]

Banking

In 2013-14, Ramnagar I CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[17]

Backward Regions Grant Fund

Medinipur East district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 11 districts of West Bengal.[21][22]

Transport

Ramnagar I CD Block has 1 ferry services, 48 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 8 km from the CD Block headquarters.[17]

Ramnagar and Tikra are stations on the Tamluk-Digha line, constructed in 2003-04.[27][28]

SH 4 connecting Jhalda (in Purulia district) and Digha (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[29]

Education

In 2013-14, Ramnagar I CD Block had 127 primary schools with 6,660 students, 15 middle schools with 874 students, 4 high schools with 2,758 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 17,008 students. Ramnagar I CD Block had 282 institutions for special and non-formal education with 10,769 students.[17]

As per the 2011 census, in Ramnagar I CD block, amongst the 137 inhabited villages, 33 villages did not have a school, 21 villages had two or more primary schools, 31 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 17 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[30]

Healthcare

In 2014, Ramnagar I CD Block had 1 hospital, 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centres and 4 private nursing homes with total 90 beds and 14 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 25 family welfare sub centres. 8,687 patients were treated indoor and 129,607 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[17]

State General Hospital (with 50 beds) and Digha Aghore Kamini Block Primary Health Centre (with 15 beds) at Digha are the main medical facilities in Ramnagar I CD block. There are primary health centres at Chandanpur (with 10 beds), Gobra (with 6 beds), Sadihat (with 6 beds) and Pichhaboni, PO Chowlkhola (with 10 beds).[31]

External links

Digha travel guide from Wikivoyage
Shankarpur travel guide from Wikivoyage
Mandarmani travel guide from Wikivoyage

References

  1. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purba Midnapur District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Mapping Dynamics of land utilization and its changing Patterns of Purba Medinipure District - W.B". researchgate.net. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  3. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Purba Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Purba Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Purba Medinipur (East Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Districts of West Bengal". High Literacy. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur , Series 20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Pages 54-55, Table XI: Population by mother-tongue in Purba Medinipur district, 1961-2001. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Multilingual Bengal". The Telegraph, 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to the list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook, 28 February 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  15. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 2214-215. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  18. ^ "District Census Handbook Purba Medinipur, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 93 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 26, 30-33, 37, 61-63, 89-94. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  22. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  23. ^ Google maps
  24. ^ Kharagpur-Howrah Local 38606 Indiarailinfo
  25. ^ Howrah-Haldia Local 68689 ⇒ 38089 Indiarailinfo
  26. ^ Santragachi-Digha EMU 78001 ⇒ 68687 Indiarailinfo
  27. ^ "68689 Santragachi-Digha EMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Year of construction of important BG lines" (PDF). History. South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  29. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  30. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purba Mednipur, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1091-92, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 March 2019.