Ramkanali railway station is located at an elevation of 157 metres (515 ft) above sea level. It was allotted the railway station code of RKI and is under the jurisdiction of Adra railway division of South Eastern Railway.
The Tatanagar-Adra-Asansol section was electrified in the 1957-1962 period. The Asansol-Purulia sector was electrified in 1961-62. The freight link from Ramkanali to Chaurasi siding of Par Beliya colliery was electrified in 1963-64.