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Rajpur Sonarpur

Rajpur Sonarpur
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Skyline View of Rajpur Sonarpur from a Residential Project
Skyline View of Rajpur Sonarpur from a Residential Project
Rajpur Sonarpur is located in West Bengal
Rajpur Sonarpur
Rajpur Sonarpur
Location in West Bengal
Rajpur Sonarpur is located in India
Rajpur Sonarpur
Rajpur Sonarpur
Location in India
Coordinates: 22°26′57″N 88°23′29″E / 22.4491°N 88.3915°E / 22.4491; 88.3915
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DivisionPresidency
DistrictSouth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Established1876; 143 years ago (1876)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyRajpur Sonarpur Municipality
Area
 • Total49.26 km2 (19.02 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total424,368
 • Density8,600/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700070, 700084, 700094, 700096, 700103, 700146, 700147, 700148, 700149, 700150, 700151, 700152, 700153, 700154
Telephone code+91 33 2427/2434/2477/2495
Vehicle registrationWB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituencyJadavpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencySonarpur Uttar, Sonarpur Dakshin
Websitewww.rajpursonarpurmunicipality.in

Rajpur Sonarpur, popularly known as Sonarpur, is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). In fact, Rajpur and Sonarpur are two separate towns. Since the formation of the municipality, these two towns are known together as Rajpur Sonarpur. The city is well known for being the location of the Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission, the ancestral house of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and the Bipadtarini Chandi Bari temple.

History

The area was home to the royal landlords (jamindars). The name Rajpur has been thus derived from the Bengali words Rajar Puri (রাজার পুরী) to Rajpuri and in this form to the now Rajpur. Being on the banks of the Adi Ganga (Old Ganges), Rajpur was one of the major locations of Bengal at that time. The proximity to Kolkata's southern district and being on the banks of Adi Ganga, which is just across the river made the place to be well connected. The old jamindar's house in Rajpur Harinavi is like the Roy Choudhury's. The family stayed in Rajpur. The Ramakrishna Mission, Belur Math set up an ashram in the Narendrapur area and made the school and college popularly known as Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission. Rajpur is the ancestral place of the renowned Indian patriot and freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

Geography

Rajpur Sonarpur city is located at 22°26′57″N 88°23′29″E / 22.4491°N 88.3915°E / 22.4491; 88.3915. It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).

Danga and Ramchndrapur are adjacent to Rajpur Sonarpur city on its south-eastern side, as per map of Sonarpur CD block in the District Census Handbook for South 24 Parganas.[3]

Petua, Panchghara, Mallikpur and Hariharpur form a cluster of census towns in Baruipur CD block, as per map of Baruipur CD block in the District Census Handbook for South 24 Parganas.[4]This cluster has Rajpur Sonarpur on the east and Bidyadharpur on the north, both in Sonarpur CD block, as per map of Sonarpur CD block in the District Census Handbook for South 24 Parganas.[5]

Demographics

As per 2011 Census of India, Rajpur Sonarpur city had a total population of 424,368, of which 215,405 (51%) were males and 208,963 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 35,274. The total number of literates was 350,721 (91.69% of the population over 6 years).[6]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities and census towns in South 24 Parganas district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Maheshtala (M), Joka (CT), Balarampur (CT), Chata Kalikapur (CT), Budge Budge (M), Nischintapur (CT), Uttar Raypur (CT), Pujali (M) and Rajpur Sonarpur (M).[7]

Major Localities and Landmarks

Kamalgazi is the centre and most developed area of this city. Boral is also a major locality of the city. A very old temple namely of historical importance (said to be as old as the reigns of the Sen rulers of Bengal, however the old construction has been ruined)- Tripurasundari Temple near Boral High School. Now Boral is also well known for the engineering institute Future Institute of Technology. In early 1953, the principal photography of the Satyajit Ray's debut film Pather Panchali was done at Boral, then a small village on the outskirts of Kolkata, now a locality of this city. A decade later, Ray again shot a scene of Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne in the dense bamboo groves near a local pond.[8]

The city also includes the localities of Malancha, Harinavi, Kodalia, Subhashgram, Boral, Nandan, Srirampur, Garia, Narendrapur, New Garia, Kamalgazi, Chak Garia, Techno City, Panchpota, Model Town, Tentulberia, Ramgarh, Briji, Sreenagar, Panchasayar, Balia, Fartabad, Ramchandrapur, Bidyadharpur, Kalikapur, Kheadaha, Gangajoara, Hadia etc.

Recent Developments

Flyover under construction for extension of E M Bypass at Kamalgazi More in Sonarpur

Before the State Highway–1 (also known as E.M Bypass) project Rajpur Sonarpur was connected to Kolkata by N.S.C Bose Road (Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road) and Garia Main Road. Which is a dream of distant past now after the construction of State Highway - 1 (SH-1) and the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass easily connecting the place with heart of Kolkata and the state highway to the rest of West Bengal as well as with the port area of Diamond Harbour. Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E M Bypass) are famous for their congested rush hour traffic. As a result of that the place has got an attention recently over again.

Wood Square Mall - A new feather in the skyline of the Rajpur Sonarpur lifestyle

The city of Rajpur Sonarpur saw an immediate rush for land. It has also turned up in the recent real estate boom of the metropolis over the last 10 years Rajpur Sonarpur has developed into a popular residential community. Many multi-storied apartment complexes have been built (e.g.Srijoni Complex, Sherwood Estate, Mayfair Group Apartments, Sugam Park, South Winds Residential Complex, Deeshari Mega City, Victoria Greens, Siva Complex, Ozone) attracted by the amenities, as well as by the easy connectivity over the E M Bypass and State Highway-1. Newly constructed roads have made access to the area very easy. Many parts have turned up as a transportation gateway to Kolkata. The Hardware Park at the Sonarpur Chowhati, initiated by the Government of West Bengal is being built up in rapid speed.

Luxury living at Sherwood Estate in Narendrapur, Sonarpur

Peerless had built an excellent housing complex namely "PRANTIK HOUSING COMPLEX" located at Sonarpur Station Road.

South Winds luxury residential project at Sonarpur Chowhati

The city of Rajpur Sonarpur is also geared towards luxury living with big real estate projects like Srijoni Complex, Sherwood Estate, South Winds, Deeshari Mega City Township Project, Primarc Sukriti, Avani Victoria Greens, Atri Green Valley, SGIL Gardenia building up luxury apartments with plenty of open spaces and amenities of a mini townships in varioues localities like Narendrapur, Rajpur Chowhati, Rajpur market and Rajpur Harinavi between N.S.C Bose Road and E M Bypass. Heavyweight transportation businesses are growing in the area.

More of the residential and commercial real estate businesses are coming to the city with bigger projects.

Civic Administration

There is a Rajpur Sonarpur Municipality which is one of the oldest municipalities in the West Bengal. It is divided into 35 wards. As per 2015 municipal election, it is being controlled by the All India Trinamool Congress.[9]

Police station

Sonarpur police station covers an area of 169.816 sq km and has jurisdiction over Sonarpur CD block and Rajpur Sonarpur municipal area.[10][11]

CD block HQ

The headquarters of Sonarpur CD block are located at Sonarpur.[12]

Connectivity & Transport

New Garia Metro Station is one of the 3 major Metro Stations in the area of Rajpur Sonarpur

The entire area of Rajpur Sonarpur is well connected through the State Highway - 1, Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road and the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Garia, a part of Rajpur Sonarpur serves as the major connectivity point. From Garia, transportations like Buses, Kolkata Metro are available. Surface transport routes and many private bus routes ply from Garia to many important destinations via E.M Bypass and the main roads. There are also long distance bus routes specially the Digha bus route which also ply from Garia, Baruipur regularly.

Railway Transportation

Railway is the primary mode of transport of Rajpur Sonarpur. The entire area of Rajpur Sonarpur is served by the Kalikapur, Bidyadharpur, Subhashgram, Sonarpur Junction, Narendrapur, Garia and New Garia railway stations on the Sealdah–Sonarpur line of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. Sonarpur Junction is the main railway station of this entire area. It is one of the busiest railway stations of Sealdah railway division. More than 115 pairs of local trains ply through Sonarpur Junction on a daily basis. There are four platforms in this station. The only EMU carshed of Sealdah South section is present here.

Major Roads of Rajpur Sonarpur


Sonarpur Junction is the major Railway station on the Kolkata Suburban Railway network in Sealdah South Section of Eastern Railway

List of Metro Stations in Rajpur Sonarpur

List of Railway Stations in Rajpur Sonarpur

Education

Sonarpur Mahavidyalaya, established in 1985, is affiliated to the University of Calcutta. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, education. History, geography, philosophy, physiology, computer science and accounting & finance, and general courses in arts, science and commerce.[13]

There are many primary, secondary and higher secondary schools in this area. The eminent institution Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission, is one of the major schools and residential colleges of the city. The autonomous college Ramakrishna Mission Residential College is the most prestigious educational institute of the city. Some popular schools are:[citation needed]

Ramakrishna Mission Residential College Campus at Narendrapur, Sonarpur
Campus of Ramakrishna Mission

Notable People

References

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 257 - Map of Sonarpur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 383 - Map of Baruipur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal, District Census Handbook, South Twentyfour Parganas, Series – 20, Part XII-A, Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Page 259 - Map of Sonarpur CD block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  6. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Apu Doesn't Live Here Anymore". Indian Express. 6 April 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  9. ^ "Rajpur-Sonarpur Municipality details as of JNNURM Official site of Department of Municipal Affairs". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Sonarpur police station". Baruipur police district. West Bengal police. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  11. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 South 24 Parganas". Table No. 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  12. ^ "BDO Offices under South 24 Parganas District". West Bengal Public Library Network, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Sonarpur Mahavidyalaya". SM. Retrieved 29 October 2019.