Community development block
|• Total||201.82 km2 (77.92 sq mi)|
|Elevation||176 m (577 ft)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-55, WB-56|
|Literacy Rate||67.36 per cent|
The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of the 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.
Raghunathpur is located at.
Raghunathpur I CD Block has an area of 201.82 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 89 gram sansads (village councils), 106 mouzas, 90 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Raghunathpur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Raghunathpur.
As per the 2011 Census of India Raghunathpur I CD Block had a total population of 117,760, of which 96,488 were rural ad 21,272 were urban. There were 60,897 (52%) males and 56,863 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 14,723. Scheduled Castes numbered 41,649 (35.37%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 12,599 (10.70%).
As per 2001 census, Raghunathpur I block had a total population of 103,620, out of which 53,416 were males and 50,204 were females. Raghunathpur I block registered a population growth of 12.12 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Raghunathpur I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Shanka (4,233) and Paschim Bero (5,699).
Other villages in Raghunathpur I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Purbbo Bero (2,956), Khajura (1,871) and Chorpahari (1,103).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Raghunathpur I CD Block was 69,408 (67.36% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 42,030 (78.73% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 27,378 (55.14%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 23.60%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Purulia Sadar East subdivision|
|Manbazar I – 63.78%|
|Manbazar II – 60.27%|
|Bandwan – 61.38%|
|Purulia I – 78.37%|
|Purulia II – 63.39%|
|Hura – 68.79%|
|Puncha – 68.14%|
|Purulia Sadar West subdivision|
|Jhalda I – 66.18%|
|Jhalda II – 54.76%|
|Joypur – 57.94%|
|Arsha – 57.48%|
|Baghmundi – 57.17%|
|Balarampur – 60.40%|
|Barabazar – 63.27|
|Para – 65.62%|
|Raghunathpur I – 67.36%|
|Raghunathpur II – 67.29%|
|Neturia – 65.14%|
|Santuri – 64.15%|
|Kashipur – 71.06%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 101,047 and formed 85.80% of the population in Raghunathpur I CD Block. Muslims numbered 11,776 and formed 10.00% of the population. Christians numbered 656 and formed 0.56% of the population. Others numbered 4,281 and formed 3.64% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
80 mouzas in Raghunathpur I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
Land was sold in Raghunathpur industrial park to Jai Balaji group, Adhunik Corporation, Shyam Steel and other companies. The land had been acquired between 2007 and 2010. However, none of the projects have matured, till September 2016, because of a slump in the steel industry.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Raghunathpur I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.62%, patta (document) holders 13.16%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.53%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 32.94% and agricultural labourers 43.74%.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Raghunathpur I CD Block was 9,075.24 hectares, out of which 7,749.54 hectares by tank water, 47.00 hectares by river lift irrigation, 243.20 hectares by open dug wells and 1,035.50 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Raghunathpur I CD Block had 8 originating/ terminating bus routes.
State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) and State Highway 5 (West Bengal) running from Rupnarayanpur (in Bardhaman district) to Junput (in Purba Medinipur district) cross at Raghunathpur.
In 2013-14, Raghunathpur I CD Block had 105 primary schools with 7,971 students, 19 middle schools with 1,319 students, 5 high schools with 2,642 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 6,592 students. Raghunathpur I CD Block had 1 professional/ technical institute with 96 students and 226 institutions with 8,129 students for special and non-formal education. Raghunathpur (municipal town, outside the CD Block) had 1 general college with 3,140 students.
In 2014, Raghunathpur I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres, with total 31 beds and 3 doctors. 1,913 patients were treated indoor and 152,413 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.