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Sri Raghavendra Matha, better known as Rayara Matha (also known as Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt, formarly Sri Vijayendra Mutt or Kumbakonam Matha) is one of the three premier Dvaita Vedanta monasteries (matha) descended from Jagadguru Śrī Madhvācārya through Jayatirtha and their disciples based in Mantralayam. Raghavendra Matha is located on the bank of Tungabhadra River in Mantralayam in Adoni taluk of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Raghavendra Matha, along with Uttaradi Matha and Vyasaraja Matha are considered to be the three premier apostolic institutions of Dvaita Vedanta and are jointly referred as Mathatraya . It is the pontiffs and pandits of the Mathatraya that have been the principle architects of post-Madhva Dvaita Vedanta through the centuries.
Raghavendra Matha is one of the matha which branched off from the main lineage, the "Adi Matha" to spread the tattvavada in the southern part of India. The name of Kumbakonam Matha was changed as Sri Vijayendra Mutt after Vijayendra Tirtha or Vijayendra Swamigal by Sudhindra Tirtha, a disciple and successor to the pontificate of Kumbakonam Matha after Vijayindra Tirtha. After Sudhindra Tirtha his disciple, the most venerated dvaita saint Raghavendra Tirtha continued in the pontifical lineage as the pontiff of the matha. After small stay at Kumbakonam, he seems to have gone on a pilgrimage tour visiting Rameshwaram, Ramnad, Srirangam, and Mathura then he moved westwards to Udupi and Subramanya, and thence to Pandharpur, Kolhapur and Bijapur. At Kolhapur, he is said to have made long stay and at Bijapur, he made many converts. After that he returned Ultimately to Kumbakonam. By 1663 he left to Mysore where he got grant from Dodda Devaraya Odeyar. Later he moved to further north and finally settled down at Mantralayam, a village on bank of river Tungabhadra in Adoni taluk in Andhra Pradesh. There on the sacred river he took Samadhi in 1671.
The matha was later named after Raghavendra Tirtha as Raghavendra Matha.