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RV Knorr

The R/V Knorr
History
(US)
Launched: August 21, 1968
Acquired: April 15, 1970 (delivered to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution)
In service: 1970
Out of service: 2016
Renamed: Rio Tecolutla
Homeport: Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Identification:
Fate: Transferred to Mexican Navy, 14 March 2016
General characteristics [1]
Type: Research vessel
Tonnage: 2,518 GT
Displacement: 2,685 long tons
Length: 279 ft (85 m)
Beam: 46 ft (14 m)
Draught: 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)
Installed power:
  • 3 × 1,100 kW (1,500 hp)
  • 1 × 560 kW (750 hp)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × Lips electric azimuth thrusters (2 × 1,500 shp)
  • Lips retractable azimuth bow thruster (900 shp)
Speed: 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Range: 12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km)
Endurance: 60 days
Complement:
  • 22 crew
  • 32 scientists
  • 2 technicians
Sensors and
processing systems:
Side-scan sonar

RV Knorr was a research vessel formerly owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community in coordination with and as a part of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) fleet.[2] On March 14, 2016, Knorr was officially transferred to the Mexican Navy and renamed Rio Tecolutla. She was replaced at Woods Hole by the RV Neil Armstrong.[3] Knorr is best known as the ship that supported researchers in 1985 as they discovered the wreck of the RMS Titanic. R/V Knorr (AGOR-15) has traveled more than a million miles—the rough equivalent of two round trips to the Moon or forty trips around the Earth. Her sister ship is the RV Melville.

History

R/V Knorr was named in honor of Ernest R. Knorr, a distinguished hydrographic engineer and cartographer who was appointed Chief Engineer Cartographer of the U.S. Navy Hydrographic office in 1860. Chief Engineer Knorr was one of the leaders of the Navy’s first systematic charting and surveying effort from 1860 to 1885. She was launched in August 21, 1968 at the Defoe Shipbuilding Company in Bay City, Michigan, Knorr was delivered to Woods Hole on April 15, 1970.[4]

The ship was built with Cycloidal propulsion that was replaced during a 1989-1991 midlife refit at which time propulsion was changed to two azimuthing stern thrusters and a retractable bow thruster as well as the hull being lengthened from 246 ft (75.0 m) to 279 ft (85.0 m). In 2003 a Dynamic Positioning System capable of holding the ship in position within one meter was installed providing capability for ocean drilling and other precise operations. During a 2005-2006 refit a 25,000 pounds (11,000 kg) long coring system capable of 150 ft (45.7 m), longest in the U.S. research fleet, deep cores was installed.[5]

In 1985, she was part of the joint French-American Team that discovered the wreck of the RMS Titanic, and was the ship to actually discover the site. As opposed to the traditional method of sonar, this was accomplished by towing the ROV Argo over the seafloor to search for debris. She was completely overhauled between 1989 and 1991 adding 34 feet (10 m) of length to her midsection.[6]

The ship has anti-roll tanks and an ice-strengthened bow enabling her to work in all of the world’s oceans. She can take a crew of 22 and a scientific party of 34 to sea for as long as 60 days. Knorr was designed to accommodate a wide range of oceanographic tasks, with two instrument hangars and eight scientific work areas; a fully equipped machine shop; three oceanographic winches; and two cranes. Knorr is equipped with sophisticated navigation and satellite communication systems, as well as a dynamic positioning system that allows the ship to move in any direction and to maintain a fixed position in high winds and rough seas.[6]

In 2005–2006, the ship was refitted to support a new “long-coring” system that can extract 150-foot (46 m) plugs of ancient sediments from the sea floor. Weighing nearly 25,000 pounds, the new piston-coring system is the longest in the U.S. research fleet (twice as long as existing systems). Knorr and its long-corer will allow scientists to sample deep, ancient sediments that are rich with historical information about the ocean and climate.

It was announced on December 4, 2014, that the research vessel Knorr is being decommissioned after more than 40 years as the workhorse of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution research fleet. It was transferred to the Mexican Navy in 2016, and is scheduled to be replaced by a new $74 million research vessel, the RV Neil Armstrong.[7][8]

Specifications

The dynamic positioning display on the R/V Knorr while it holds position, rotating about the end of her trawl-winch crane.
  • Built: 1969
  • Length: 279 feet (85 m)
  • Draft: 16.5 feet (5 m), with bow thruster lowered – 23 ft (7 m)
  • Displacement: 2,685 LT
  • Range: 12,000 NM
  • Laboratories: 2,756 sq. feet (256 sq. m)
  • Speed: 11.0 knots cruising
  • Endurance: 60 days
  • Fuel Capacity: 160,500 gallons
  • Mid-Life Overhaul: 1989–1991
  • Beam: 46 feet (14 m)
  • Gross Tons: 2,518 T
  • Complement:
    • Crew - 22
    • Scientists - 32
    • Technicians - 2
  • Propulsion: Two Lips diesel-electric azimuthing stern thrusters, 1500 SHP each
  • Bow Thruster: Lips retractable azimuthing 900 SHP
  • Ship Service Generators: 3 @ 1,110 KW 600 VAC, 1 @ 560 KW 600 VAC
  • Portable Van Space: At least six 20-ft. vans
  • Winches:
    • Trawl - 30,000' 9/16" wire
    • Hydro (2) - 30,000' 3-cond. EM or 1/4" wire
  • Heavy Equipment:
    • Cranes - two 60,000 lbs. capacity
    • Midships hydro boom
    • HIAB crane
  • Sewage System:
    • 3,600 gallons/day
    • 7,000 gal. holding capacity

Ownership: Title held by U.S. Navy; Operated under charter agreement with Office of Naval Research

Other Features: Two instrument hangars, fully equipped machine shop, dynamic-positioning system, four transducer wells, one rigid-hull inflatable rescue/work boat.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ RV Knorr specifications. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) | UNOLS Research Vessels
  3. ^ Carter, Andrea F. (March 14, 2016). "Renamed Rio Tecolutla, R/V Knorr Joins The Mexican Navy". The Falmouth Enterprise. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
  4. ^ Cullen, Vickey (2005). Down to the Sea for Science: 75 Years of Ocean Research, Education, and Exploration at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. p. 194. ISBN 9781880224090. LCCN 2008530726. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  5. ^ U.S. Navy (November 2014). "Interesting Facts about the R/V Knorr" (PDF). UNOLS. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  7. ^ "WHOI Gets RV Neil Armstrong". Subsea World News. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  8. ^ Driscoll, Sean F. (16 February 2016). "WHOI research vessel Knorr to find new home in Mexico". capecodtimes.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Specifications". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved 1 April 2019.

External links