An R33 train on the 5 at West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue.
Interior of an overhauled R33 car.
|Manufacturer||St. Louis Car Company|
|Built at||St. Louis, Missouri|
|Entered service||November 15, 1962|
2013 (cars used as refuse motors)
|Number built||500 cars (250 pairs)|
|Number in service||(42 in work service)|
|Operator(s)||New York City Subway|
|Car body construction||LAHT carbon steel|
|Car length||51.04 feet (15.56 m)|
|Width||8.75 feet (2,667 mm)|
|Height||11.86 feet (3,615 mm)|
|Doors||6 sets of 50 inch wide side doors per car|
|Maximum speed||55 mph (89 km/h)|
|Weight||72,900 lb (33,100 kg)|
|Traction system||GE 17KG192AE2/3 (9076–9305 formerly Westinghouse)|
|Power output||Westinghouse 1447JR/GE 1257E1, 100 hp (74.6 kW) per axle|
|Electric system(s)||600 V DC Third rail|
|Current collection method||Contact shoe|
|Braking system(s)||WABCO, "SMEE" electrodynamic|
|Safety system(s)||Emergency brakes|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The R33 was a New York City Subway car model that was built by St. Louis Car Company in 1962 and 1963. The cars are a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the A Division’s R29s and closely resembled them. The cars were also referred to as R33MLs (R33 Main Line) to distinguish them from the R33WFs.
The first set of R33 cars was placed in service on the 1 train on November 15, 1962. Five hundred cars were built and served on all IRT subway lines. In 1972 they became the first "A" division cars to be retrofitted with air conditioning when cars 9086/7, 9118/9, 9162/3, 9226/7, 9282/3, & 9294/5 were retrofitted at the 239 Street Yard with a modified version of the Stone Safety Air conditioning unit designed to fit on the smaller IRT cars, and by 1982 all R33 cars had received air conditioning. The cars were also rebuilt between 1986 and 1991.
Before they were rebuilt, the R33 cars were grouped as follows:
From 1987 until early 1991, the R33 cars were overhauled and rebuilt by the MTA's 207th Street and Coney Island Overhaul Shops. All cars were refitted with General Electric equipment. Existing General Electric cars received New York Air Brake Newtran brake packages; the former Westinghouse cars received an updated brake package from the Westinghouse Air Brake Company.
In 1996, New York City Transit announced that it would begin phasing out all Redbird cars – the R26, R28, R29, R33, and R36, with the arrival of the R142 and R142A cars, which entered service in 2000. The last train of R33s made its last trip on the 4 route on April 14, 2003.
Most of the retired cars were stripped and dumped into the Atlantic Ocean to form artificial reefs. However, many R33 cars were saved for various purposes throughout the New York City Subway system, including:
Other cars were retained for work service until 2013, when they were scrapped, including:
|Routes||Years in Service||Cars|
|1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7||1963–1966||All General Electric and Westinghouse cars|
|2, 4, 5, 6||1966||All cars|
|2, 4, 5||1966–1985||General Electric cars|
|3||1984–1986||Some Westinghouse cars|
|2, 5||1986–2002||Most rebuilt cars|
|4||1988–2003||Some rebuilt cars|
|7||1989–1996||Some rebuilt cars|
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