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Qujing

Qujing
曲靖市
Prefecture-level city
Qujing in 2013. South Qilin Road.
Qujing in 2013. South Qilin Road.
Location of Qujing in Yunnan
Location of Qujing in Yunnan
Coordinates: 25°29′N 103°48′E / 25.483°N 103.800°E / 25.483; 103.800
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Admin HQ Qilin
Government
 • Secretary Li Wenrong
 • Mayor Dong Baotong
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 29,855 km2 (11,527 sq mi)
 • Urban (2018)[1] 148 km2 (57 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
Elevation 1,873 m (6,145 ft)
Population
 • Prefecture-level city 5,855,055
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Urban (2018)[2] 1,235,000
 • Urban density 8,300/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,408,500
 • Metro density 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 655000
Area code(s) 0874
ISO 3166 code CN-YN-03
Website www.qj.gov.cn

Qujing (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qǔjìng) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Yunnan province of southwest China. It is an important industrial and commercial city, and is Yunnan's second largest city by comprehensive power, after Kunming. It is part of the Central Yunnan Metropolitan Region plan (滇中城市群规划). Qujing is located near Guizhou Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, so it was called "Key between Yunnan and Guizhou" (滇黔锁钥) and "Throat of Yunnan" (云南咽喉) in the past.

Its population is 6,047,000 according to the 2015 census, of whom, 1,408,500 reside in the metro area, which contains Qilin District, Zhanyi District and Malong District. The government of Qujing plans to develop the city into the "big city at the origin of the Pearl River" (珠江源大城市) in the following decades.

Geography and climate

Qujing is located in the east of Yunnan province, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of Kunming, the provincial capital. Like much of the central and eastern parts of the province, it is part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.

Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Qujing has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 15 °C (59 °F). During summer, a majority of the days features some rainfall, and daytime temperatures rise to 25 °C (77 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from June to October.


Transport

Qujing is linked to Kunming by the National Highway 320. Drive time is about three hours. The transportation system in Qujing is well developed. You can access almost every corner of the city by way of the Kun Qu Freeway. Buses to Kunming depart from Qujing Bus Station every half hour, the trip takes about three hours. The bus station also provides transportation to Dali, Honghezhou and other destinations around Qujing. Taxi and buses are available in Qujing. The base rate of a taxi is RMB 7 for the first 2.5 km (1.6 mi).

Two train routes, Guizhou to Kunming and Nanning to Kunming, run through eight towns in Qujing each day. It takes one and a half hours to get from Qujing to Kunming by express. After Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway completed in December 2016, it takes 45 minutes to reach Kunming South High-speed Train Station and an hour to reach Guiyang North High-speed Train Station from Qujing North High-speed Train Station. There is a plan for a speed train to run between Chengdu and Nanning by the year 2015, which will make the trip from Kunming to Qujing only 30 minutes long.

Administrative divisions

Light green -Yi. Blue - miao. Red - zhuang.Dark green- Bouyei. Yellow- Shui

The government seat is located in Qilin District.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2015) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Qilin District 麒麟区 Qílín Qū 767,300 1,552.92 493
Zhanyi District 沾益区 Zhānyì Qū 448,500 2,801.27 160
Malong District 马龙区 Mǎlóng Qū 192,700 1,600.34 120
Xuanwei City 宣威市 Xuānwēi Shì 1,352,100 6,053.2 222
Fuyuan County 富源县 Fùyuán Xiàn 741,700 3,235.4 229
Luoping County 罗平县 Luópíng Xiàn 405,100 3,025.35 187
Shizong County 师宗县 Shīzōng Xiàn 405,100 2,741.66 147
Luliang County 陆良县 Lùliáng Xiàn 638,800 2,010.04 317
Huize County 会泽县 Huìzé Xiàn 934,800 5,883.93 159

Economy

In 2016, total GDP was of 177.5 billion Yuan, and the GDP per capita of: 27044 yuans.

Tobacco, automobiles, power generation and chemical engineering are the main industries in Qujing.

  • Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone

Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone (QETDZ) is a provincial development zone approved by Yunnan Provincial Government in August 1992. It is located in the east of urban Qujing, the second largest city in Yunnan in terms of economic strengths. The location of the development zone is the economic, political and cultural center of Qujing. As an agency under Qujing municipal Party committee and municipal government, the administrative commission of QETDZ functions as an economy supervising body at the prefecture level and an administration body at the county level. It has 106 km2 (41 sq mi) under its jurisdiction. It shoulders the task of building a new 40-square-kilometer city area and providing service for a population of 400,000 in the upcoming 10 years.[3]

Ethnic groups

The Qujing Prefecture Almanac (1997:785) lists the following Yi subgroups.

  • Black Yi 黑彝 (autonym: Nuosupo 诺苏泼)
  • White Yi 白彝 (autonyms: Nasupo 纳苏泼 and Azhepo 阿哲泼)
  • Dry Yi 干彝 (autonym: Gepo 葛泼)

Sites of interest

  • Jiulong Waterfall (Nine Dragons Waterfall) in Luoping County
  • Tiansheng Cave, formerly Xianren Dong (Fairy Cave, although some translate it as Celestial Being Cave)

References

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 85. 
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 85. 
  3. ^ RightSite.asia | Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone

External links