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Quacquarelli Symonds

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) is a British company specialising in education.[1] The company was founded in 1990[2] by Nunzio Quacquarelli.[3]


The company was founded between 1988 and 1990 as a student initiative whilst Nunzio Quacquarelli was completing his MBA at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. It held its first World MBA Tour in 1995. It provided its first QS Top MBA listing in 1996. This listing ranks the top business schools in the world. A career program, called the QS Career Forums was launched in 2002. They launched the QS World University Rankings in collaboration with Times Higher Education in 2004.

In 2009, QS acquired German software company Unisolution, a European supplier of software solutions and services for institutions of higher education.

On 5 October 2017, QS Quacquarelli Symonds acquired Hobsons Solutions, the international division of Hobsons, Inc., the leading provider of international enrollment management solutions to universities worldwide.[4]The acquisition allows QS to increase the size of its global product offering, which now incorporates products like the QS Enrolment Solutions International Student Survey (formerly Hobsons' International Student Survey), which is the world's largest survey of prospective international students.[5]

Major rankings

QS has published various university rankings.

At first, it cooperated with Times Higher Education to release annual world university rankings, the THE-QS World University Rankings, since 2004 and was the data provider of the rankings. However, it ended its partnership with Times after the release of their 2009 rankings and both have worked out their own rankings afterward with QS using the same methodology while Times which has then cooperated with Thomson Reuters using an adjusted methodology. The rankings published by QS are now known as the QS World University Rankings.

Generally, the QS World University Rankings is regarded as one of the three most influential university rankings in the world, along with the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and the Academic Ranking of World Universities.[6][7][8]

International Student Survey (ISS)

Through their website "QS Enrolment Solutions" Quacquarelli Symonds also publishes the International Student Survey (ISS) - according to their own statement "the world's largest survey of prospective international students."[9] The study surveys several thousand students worldwide who plan to study abroad. The answers provide information about students' motivations, decision making and communications preferences.


  1. ^ "About us". Quacquarelli Symonds.
  2. ^ "QS Quacquarelli Symonds Ltd".
  3. ^ "QS Founder Nunzio Quacquarelli on Rankings and Online MBA Programs". Top MBA. 8 June 2012.
  4. ^ Baker, Amy. "QS acquires Hobsons Solutions in major merger". The PIE News. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  5. ^ "QS Enrolment Solutions". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  6. ^ Ariel Zirulnick. "New world university ranking puts Harvard back on top". The Christian Science Monitor.
  7. ^ []
  8. ^ Indira Samarasekera and Carl Amrhein. "Top schools don't always get top marks". The Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on 2010-10-03.
  9. ^ International Student Survey (ISS) Homepage