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Qin Song

Qin Song
Other namesWenbiao (文表)

Qin Song (fl. 190s–200s), courtesy name Wenbiao, was a Chinese politician serving under the warlord Sun Quan during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He previously served under Sun Ce, Sun Quan's elder brother and predecessor.


Qin Song was from Guangling Commandery, which is around present-day Huai'an, Jiangsu. Sometime around the late 190s, Qin Song, along with Zhang Zhao, Zhang Hong and Chen Duan (陳端), pledged allegiance to the warlord Sun Ce, who had recently conquered the territories in the Jiangdong region. Qin Song became an adviser to Sun Ce.[1][2]

Qin Song continued serving under Sun Quan after Sun Ce's death in the year 200. Around 208, before the Battle of Red Cliffs, Sun Quan called for a meeting with all his subjects to discuss how to deal with an impending invasion by a rival warlord, Cao Cao. Qin Song, Zhang Zhao and many others urged Sun Quan to surrender to Cao Cao because they believed that they stood no chance against Cao Cao in a war. Sun Quan did not want to surrender to Cao Cao, and he hardened his decision to go to war with Cao Cao after Lu Su and Zhou Yu convinced him to do so. He privately told Zhou Yu that he was very disappointed with Zhang Zhao and Qin Song for urging him to surrender to Cao Cao, because he felt that they were more concerned about protecting their families and personal interests than about his well-being.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ (彭城張昭、廣陵張紘、秦松、陳端等為謀主。) Sanguozhi vol. 46.
  2. ^ (初,紘同郡秦松字文表,陳端字子正,並與紘見待於孫策,參與謀謨。各早卒。) Sanguozhi vol. 53.
  3. ^ (權撫背曰:「公瑾,卿言至此,甚合孤心。子布、元表諸人,各顧妻子,挾持私慮,深失所望,獨卿與子敬與孤同耳,此天以卿二人贊孤也。五萬兵難卒合,已選三萬人,船糧戰具俱辦,卿與子敬、程公便在前發,孤當續發人衆,多載資糧,為卿後援。卿能辦之者誠決,邂逅不如意,便還就孤,孤當與孟德決之。」) Jiang Biao Zhuan annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 54.
  4. ^ (孫權與陸遜論周瑜、魯肅及蒙曰:「 ... 孤普請諸將,咨問所宜,無適先對,至子布、文表,俱言宜遣使脩檄迎之,子敬即駮言不可,勸孤急呼公瑾,付任以衆,逆而擊之,此二快也。 ... 」) Sanguozhi vol. 54.