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|Qatar Armed Forces|
Emblem of Qatar
|Commander-in-Chief||Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani|
|Minister of State for Defence Affairs||Dr. Khalid bin Mohammad Al Attiyah|
|Chief of General Staff||Lieutenant General Ghanem bin Shaheen Al-Ghanem|
|Military age||18 years of age|
|389,487 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),|
210,00 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|321,974 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),|
140,176 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|6,429 males (2010 est.),|
5,162 females (2010 est.)
|Active personnel||36,000 total personnel [not in citation given]|
|Reserve personnel||14,500 reserve personnel|
|Budget||US$5.907 billion (2010)|
|Percent of GDP||2.5% (2016)|
Libyan Civil War
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar. Since 2015, Qatar has implemented mandatory military conscription with an average of 2000 graduates per year. As of 2010, Qatar's defence expenditures added up to a total of $1.913 billion, about 1.5% of the national GDP, according to the SIPRI. Qatar has recently signed defence pacts with the United States in 2002 and 2013 and with the United Kingdom, as well as with France earlier, in 1994. Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. Qatar also hosts the largest American military base in the Middle East and in 2017 inaugurated a military attache office in Washington.
SIPRI states that Qatar's plans to transform and significantly enlarge its armed forces have accelerated in 2014, and in 2010-14 Qatar was the 46th largest arms importer in the world. Orders in 2013 for 62 tanks and 24 self-propelled guns from Germany were followed in 2014 by a number of other contracts, including 24 combat helicopters and 3 AEW aircraft from the USA, and 2 tanker aircraft from Spain. As of 2016, Qatar maintains advanced anti air and anti ship capabilities with deliveries of Patriot PAC-3 MSE Batteries, Exocet MM40 Block 3 and Marte ER anti-ship missiles.
The armed forces were founded in 1971 after the country gained independence from the United Kingdom.
In July 2008, the US Defence Security Cooperation Agency announced Qatar’s official request for logistics support, training, and associated equipment and services. The total value of the support arrangements could be as high as $400 million.
According to Aljazeera news, in December 2016 Qatar deployed 1,000 ground troops in Yemen to fight in behalf of the ousted president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, Qatar Armed Forces soldiers, backed by 200 armoured vehicles and 30 Apache helicopters, head to Yemen's Marib province.
The Armed Forces of Qatar have suffered 4 killed and 2 wounded during the deployment in Yemen.
The Qatar Emiri Land Force is the largest branch of the Qatar Armed Forces.
Initially outfitted with British weaponry, Qatar shifted much of its procurement to France during the 1980s in response to French efforts to develop closer relations. The tank battalion was equipped with French-built AMX-30 main battle tanks, before later being replaced by German Leopard 2A7's. Other armored vehicles include French AMX-10P APCs and the French VAB, adopted as the standard wheeled combat vehicle. The artillery unit has a few French 155mm self-propelled howitzers. The principal antitank weapons are French Milan and HOT wire-guided missiles.
Qatar had also illicitly acquired a few Stinger shoulder-fired SAMs, possibly from Afghan rebel groups, at a time when the United States was trying to maintain tight controls on Stingers in the Middle East. When Qatar refused to turn over the missiles, the United States Senate in 1988 imposed a ban on the sale of all weapons to Qatar. The ban was repealed in late 1990 when Qatar satisfactorily accounted for its disposition of the Stingers.
Qatari tank battalion fought in the Gulf war in 1991, their AMX-30s took part in the battle of Khafji. Qatari contingent, composed mostly of Pakistani recruits, acquitted itself well during the war.
Qatar signed a contract with the German defence company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) for the delivery of 24 artillery systems PzH 2000 and 62 LEOPARD 2 main battle tanks.
The US DSCA announces that Qatar wants to join its neighbor the UAE, and field 2 medium-range THAAD batteries of its own.
Their request is worth up to $6.5 billion, and includes up to 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR). The USA would also sell them the required trucks, generators, electrical power units, trailers, communications equipment, fire unit test & maintenance equipment, system integration and checkout, repair and return, training, and other support.
|L16 81mm||United Kingdom||Mortar||30|
|AMX F3 155mm||France||Self-propelled howitzer||22||Being replaced by PzH2000|
|PzH 2000 155mm||Germany||Self-propelled howitzer||24|
|G5 155mm||South Africa||Towed howitzer||12||G5 155mm towed howitzer - to be replaced by PzH 2000|
|BM-21 Grad 122mm||Soviet Union||Multiple Rocket Launcher||Unknown|
|Astros II MLRS||Brazil||Multiple Rocket Launcher||3||127mm SS-30 or 180mm SS-40|
|HIMARS||United States||Multiple Rocket Launcher||7||In December 2012, Qatar notified the U.S. of a possible Foreign Military Sale of 7 M142 HIMARS systems, as well as 60 M57 MGM-140 ATACMS Block 1A T2K unitary rockets and 30 M31A1 Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) unitary rockets. The deal would cost an estimated $406 million.|
|Patriot PAC-3||United States||Surface-to-air missile||11||In 2012 Qatar requested 11 Patriot PAC-3 launchers and 246 PATRIOT MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missiles.|
|Rapier||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile||18||18 launchers with 250 missiles & 6 Blindfire Radars|
|Roland||France||Surface-to-air missile||9||In 1986 Qatar ordered 3 self-propelled Roland 2 systems on the AMX-30R chassis and 6 shelter-mounted systems with 200 missiles. Deliveries were completed in 1989.|
|THAAD||United States||Surface-to-air missile||12||In 2014 Qatar ordered 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR).|
|Blowpipe||United Kingdom||Surface-to-air missile||6||6 launchers with 50 missiles|
|Mistral||France||Surface-to-air missile||24||24 launchers with 500 missiles|
|Stinger||United States||Surface-to-air missile||12||12 launchers with 60 missiles|
The Qatari Emiri Navy (QEN), also called the Qatari Emiri Naval Forces (QENF), is the naval branch of the armed forces of the State of Qatar.
The Qatar Emiri Air Force was formed in 1974, three years after achieving independence from Great Britain in 1971. Initially equipped with ex-RAF Hawker Hunters, the air force soon began expansion with six Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jets in 1979. Fourteen Dassault Mirage F1 were delivered between 1980-84. After the Gulf War, Qatar's air force infrastructure was upgraded by France for $200 million, leading to the order of nine single seat Mirage 2000-5DEA multi-role combat aircraft and three two seat Mirage 2000-5DDA combat trainers in August 1994. Deliveries started in December 1997, and involved the buy back of the remaining 11 Mirage F1s by France that were later sold on to Spain. The current commander of the Qatar Emiri Air Force is Brigadier General Mubarak Mohammed Al Kumait Al Khayarin.
British pilots in Oman remain on duty with the air force, and French specialists are employed in a maintenance capacity. Nevertheless, an increasing number of young Qataris have been trained as pilots and technicians.
Its units include:
|Mirage 2000||France||Multirole fighter||Mirage 2000-5||12||Operated by the 7th Air Superiority Squadron, first delivery 1997|
|Rafale||France||Multirole fighter||Rafale||0||18 single-seat and 6 two-seat versions on order (24) and 12 more were ordered|
|F-15E||United States||Strike fighter||
|0||In June 2017, US agreed to sell 36 Boeing F-15QA Strike Eagle aircraft|
|Eurofighter Typhoon||European Union||Multirole fighter||0||24 on order, first delivery 2022|
|Boeing 737 AEW&C||United States||Airborne early warning and control||Boeing 737 AEW/C||0||3 on order|
|Airbus A330 MRTT||Spain||Aerial refuelling and transport||A330 MRTT||0||2 on order|
|Dassault Falcon 900||France||VIP transport||2|
|Airbus 340||France||VIP transport||2|
|Boeing 747SP||United States||VIP transport||2
|Boeing C-17 Globemaster III||United States||Strategic air transport||C-17A||4|
|Boeing 707||United States||VIP transport||2|
|Boeing 727||United States||VIP transport||1|
|C-130J Super Hercules||United States||Tactical air transport||C-130J-30||4||All entered service in 2011|
|PAC Super Mushshak||Pakistan||Trainer aircraft||PAC Super Mushshak||8|
|Piper Cherokee||United States||Training and Liaison||PA-28 Archer||10|
|Piper PA-34 Seneca||United States||Training and Liaison||PA-34 Seneca||4|
|Pilatus PC-21||Switzerland||Basic & Advanced Trainer aircraft||PC-21||0||24 on order|
|Alpha Jet||France||Advanced trainer/light attack||Alpha Jet E||6||Operated by the 6th Close Support Squadron|
|Boeing AH-64 Apache||United States||Attack helicopter||AH-64D||0||24 on order|
|NHIndustries NH90||France||Medium transport||NH-90||0||12 on order|
|NHIndustries NH90||Italy||Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and Anti-surface unit warfare (ASuW)||NFH-90||0||10 on order|
|| United Kingdom
||3 (status unknown)
||probably taken out of service|
|Aérospatiale Gazelle||France||Utility/attack helicopter||SA 342G (12)/L (2)||14||Operated by 6th Close Support Squadron|
|Sikorsky UH-60R Sea Hawk
|| United States
||6 requested, but not actually ordered?|
|AgustaWestland AW139||Italy||18 Tactical transport, 3 medivac||21|
|Sikorsky S-92||United States||VIP transport||2|
|Westland Commando||United Kingdom||Transport/utility and maritime patrol helicopter||Commando 2A, 2C and 3 variants||12-13||Commando 2A/2C are operated by 9th Multirole Squadron|
Commando 3 are operated by 8th Anti Surface Vessel Squadron
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