Community development block
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||310.10 km2 (119.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
723147 (Vivekananda Nagar)
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-55, WB-56|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Purulia|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Purulia|
Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.
Golamara, a constituent panchayat of Purulia II block, is located at.
Purulia II CD Block is located in the central part of the district. The Kangsabati River forms the boundary between Purulia II and Purulia I CD Blocks. The upper Kangsabati basin has undulating land and the elevation rises from 200 to 300 m and the general slope is from west to east and south-east.
Purulia II CD Block is bounded by Para CD Block, on the north, Hura CD Block, on the east, Purulia I CD Block on the south and a part of the west and Chandankiyari CD Block, in Bokaro district of Jharkhand, on the west.
Purulia II CD Block has an area of 310.10 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 114 gram sansads (village councils), 116 mouzas, 101 inhabited villages and 2 census towns. Purulia (Muffasil) (partly) and Purulia (Town) (partly) police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Village – Bongabari, PO – Vivekanandanagar.
As per the 2011 Census of India Purulia II CD Block had a total population of 169,488, of which 157,862 were rural and 11,626 were urban. There were 86,462 (51%) males and 83,026 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,437. Scheduled Castes numbered 46,039 (27.16%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 8,213 (4.85%).
As per 2001 census, Purulia II block had a total population of 142,700, out of which 73,407 were males and 69,293 were females. Purulia II block registered a population growth of 16.50 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Purulia II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bongabari (4,215), Sihuli (4,551) and Chharra (6,131).
Other villages in Purulia II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Pindra (2,512), Bhangra (2,824), Belma (2,773), Dumdumi (3,768), Ghongha (3,803), Golamara (2,954) and Agoa (471).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Purulia II CD Block was 91,314 (63.39% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 56,377 (76.72% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 34,937 (49.51%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 27.21%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Purulia Sadar East subdivision|
|Manbazar I – 63.78%|
|Manbazar II – 60.27%|
|Bandwan – 61.38%|
|Purulia I – 78.37%|
|Purulia II – 63.39%|
|Hura – 68.79%|
|Puncha – 68.14%|
|Purulia Sadar West subdivision|
|Jhalda I – 66.18%|
|Jhalda II – 54.76%|
|Joypur – 57.94%|
|Arsha – 57.48%|
|Baghmundi – 57.17%|
|Balarampur – 60.40%|
|Barabazar – 63.27|
|Para – 65.62%|
|Raghunathpur I – 67.36%|
|Raghunathpur II – 67.29%|
|Neturia – 65.14%|
|Santuri – 64.15%|
|Kashipur – 71.06%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 141,656 and formed 83.57% of the population in Purulia II CD Block. Muslims numbered 13,776 and formed 8.13% of the population. Christians numbered 77 and formed 0.05% of the population. Others numbered 13,979 and formed 8.25% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
102 mouzas in Purulia II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014. The total consumption of electricity in Purulia district in 2013-14 was 228,350 KWH, out of which 130,376 KWH was domestic consumption and 925 KWH was for agricultural irrigation and dewatering.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Purulia II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 2.24%, patta (document) holders 7.22%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.61%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.00% and agricultural labourers 67.92%.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Purulia II CD Block was 7,221.37 hectares, out of which 2,378 hectares were by canals, 4,141.91 hectares by tank water, 49.66 hectares by river lift irrigation, 186.80 hectares by open dug wells and 465.00 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Purulia II CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2013-14, Purulia II CD Block had 149 primary schools with 18,147 students, 23 middle schools with 1,588 students, 7 high schools with 3,534 students and 17 higher secondary schools with 18,024 students. Purulia II CD Block had 2 professional/ technical institutions with 977 students and 225 institutions with 10,461 students for special and non-formal education. Purulia city (outside the CD Block) had a university, 2 general colleges and 5 professional/ technical institutions.
In 2014, Purulia II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 40 beds and 4 doctors. 3,791 patients were treated indoor and 203,229 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.