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Public holidays in Hungary

A number of public holidays and special events take place each year in Hungary.

Fixed public holidays

András Schiffer, co-leader of the Politics Can Be Different party, speaking at Pilvax Café, the place where the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 was sparked, on the anniversary 15 March 2015.

Article J of the Constitution of Hungary on national holidays

(1) The national holidays of Hungary shall be:

a) the 15th day of March, in memory of the 1848–49 Revolution and War of Independence,

b) the 20th day of August, in memory of the foundation of the State and King Saint Stephen the State Founder, and

c) the 23rd day of October, in memory of the 1956 Revolution and War of Independence.

(2) The official state holiday shall be the 20th day of August.

Source:[1]

List of public holidays

Date English name Local name Remarks
1 January New Year's Day Újév According to tradition, lentil soup eaten on this day makes people wealthy, rolling out strudel dough guarantees long life, eating poultry will make luck "fly away".
15 March National Day Nemzeti ünnep Memorial day of the 1848 Revolution (which aimed the independence of the Hungarian Kingdom from the Austrian Empire). There are usually speeches and music pieces (e.g. Nemzeti dal) performed; many people wear a cockade with the national colours (red, white and green).
Moveable Good Friday Nagypéntek Good Friday is public holiday since 2017[citation needed] .
Moveable Easter Sunday Húsvétvasárnap
Moveable Easter Monday Húsvéthétfő Men visit women to sprinkle them with perfume (or in the countryside, sometimes water), first asking permission by reciting a verse. In return, the women give the men eggs (sometimes painted, sometimes chocolate). Children receive chocolate eggs (sometimes fruits and nuts, chocolate rabbits), from the Easter Bunny; these gifts are sometimes hidden in the garden or house. (Real rabbits are sometimes gifted.) The day's meal is often ham, eggs, and sweetbreads for dinner.
1 May Labour day A munka ünnepe The countries of the EU are represented with special programmes, bridges are decorated and exhibitions are held. Labour Day coincides with May Day (majális); many attend outdoor festivities in public parks. Since 2004 it is also the anniversary of the accession to the EU.
Moveable Pentecost Sunday Pünkösdvasárnap Sunday, 49 days after Easter
Moveable Pentecost Monday Pünkösdhétfő Monday after Pentecost
20 August State Foundation Day Az államalapítás ünnepe Hungary's first king St. Stephen's Day, also the day of the Foundation of Hungary and "the day of the new bread". St. Stephen of Hungary (Szent István király in Hungarian) (ca. 975 – 15 August 1038), as the first king of Hungary, led the country into the Christian church and established the institutions of the kingdom and the church. He was canonized on 20 August 1083, and 20 August is his feast day.

Celebrated with a half-hour fireworks display on the bank of the Danube in the evening, which is attended by many people on both river banks and is watched by many from the hills on the Buda side of the river and from the rooftops of both Pest and Buda.

23 October National Day Nemzeti ünnep Memorial day of the 1956 Revolution (which – inter alia – aimed at the departure of the Soviet troops from Hungary and free elections). Also the day of the proclamation of the Third Hungarian Republic (1989). Celebrated with speeches and exhibitions.
1 November All Saints Day Mindenszentek Day of remembrance of the dead. Graves in Christian cemeteries are decorated with flowers and candles, by family and friends of the dead.
25 December Christmas Karácsony Public transport stops operating at about 4 pm on the 24th ("Szenteste") as most families gather to celebrate, placing presents under a Christmas tree which has been decorated while the children are away from the house. Presents are then opened and a large meal eaten in celebration of the event. On 25th and 26th, people usually visit relatives.
26 December Second Day of Christmas Karácsony másnapja  

Remembrance days endorsed by the state

Remembrance Days are working days in Hungary.

Date English name Local name Remarks
1 February Memorial Day of the Republic A köztársaság emléknapja Commemorating the law (1946. évi I. törvény) on the proclamation of the republic in 1946, memorial day since 2006.
25 February Memorial Day for the Victims of the Communist Dictatorships A kommunista diktatúrák áldozatainak emléknapja On this day in 1947 Béla Kovács, Secretary-General of the Independent Smallholders' Party was arrested and deported to the Soviet Union. Memorial day since 2000, commemorations are held in high schools.
16 April Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust A holokauszt áldozatainak emléknapja On this day in 1944 the Jews of Subcarpathia were rounded up and forced into ghettos. Memorial day since 2001, commemorations are held in high schools.
21 May National Defense Day Honvédelmi nap Battle of Buda (1849)
4 June Day of National Unity A nemzeti összetartozás napja Commemorating the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Trianon, when the Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its territory. National memorial day since 2010.
19 June Day of the Independent Hungary A független Magyarország napja Commemorating the execution of the martyrs of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution (on 16 June 1958), and the anniversary of the end of the Soviet occupation of Hungary. Memorial day since 2001.
6 October Memorial Day for the Martyrs of Arad Az aradi vértanúk emléknapja Commemorating the anniversary of the 1849 execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the defeat of the Hungarian Independence War. National memorial day, commemorations are held in primary and high schools.

Holidays not endorsed by the state

Date English Name Local Name Remarks
8 March International Women's Day Nemzetközi nőnap Women get flowers and gifts from their employers and schoolchildren often bring gifts for their teachers.
6 December Santa Claus, Saint Nicholas Day Mikulás, Télapó On this day, every Hungarian child polishes his or her boots and puts them in the window. Mikulás comes in the night and fills them with chocolates and/or small presents. If they were bad, they might get sticks instead of, or as well as, presents.
31 December New Year's Eve Szilveszter Young people go partying until morning. Streets are noisy with paper trumpets, hoots and the pop of champagne corks; people often wear masks and throw petards. Those who stay home usually watch comedies made for the occasion; at midnight they drink champagne and wish each other good luck for the new year. National television channels broadcast orchestral and choral national anthem at midnight, and then the speech of the President. Firework displays are common. The next day streets are as empty as ever, and people sleep long (or sleep themselves sober). Lentils are eaten, symbolising coins for good luck.
Moveable Carnival Farsang A six-day regional carnival, originally celebrated by the Šokci (ethnic-Croatians) living in the town of Mohács. Traditions include folk music, masquerading, parades and dancing.

Special events

Hungary's most notable annual events include the Budapest Spring Festival (mid-march to mid-April), Hortobágy Equestrian Days (late June), Sopron Early Music Days (late June), Festival in Budapest (late June), Miskolc Opera Festival (late June), Miskolc Kalálka International Folk Festival (July), Győr Summer Festival (late June), Győr Summer Cultural Festival (late June to late July), Pannon Festival in Pécs (July and August), Szentendre Summer Festival (July), Kőszeg Street Theatre Festival (late July), Savaria International Dance Competition in Szombathely (July), Debrecen Jazz Days (July), Szeged Open Air Festival (mid-July to August), Diáksziget (shorter: "Sziget" or "Sziget Festival", Student Island or Pepsi Island) north of Budapest (August), Eger Wine Harvest Festival (September), and Budapest Autumn Arts Festival (mid-September to mid-October).

St Stephen's Day (August 20) is celebrated with sporting events, parades and fireworks nationwide. On the same day there is a Floral Festival in Debrecen and a Bridge Fair in nearby Hortobágy. Formula 1 car races are held in early August at the Hungaroring near Mogyoród, 18 km northeast of Budapest.[2]

References

  1. ^ "The Fundamental Law of Hungary" (PDF). kormany.hu. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Public Holidays and Special Events Archived 2004-02-25 at the Wayback Machine.

External links