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Public holidays in Egypt

Public holidays are celebrated by the entire population of Egypt. Holidays in Egypt have many classifications. Some holidays are religious and others are secular, while some can be fixed holidays on the calendar while others are movable. There are four Islamic holidays and two Christian holidays. The national day of Egypt is celebrated on July, 23[1] which coincides with the annual celebration of the Egyptian revolution of 1952 when the modern republic of Egypt was declared, ending the period of the Kingdom of Egypt.

Government offices and ministries in Egypt rest on Fridays of each week. In addition, banks and many institutes have non-working days on Saturdays too which is an official resting-day[1] or Sundays which is not official but commonly used as a resting-day by non-governmental institutes and shops with Christian religious observance. Some barbershops and hairdressers close their shops on Mondays instead of Friday, Saturday and Sunday when they keep their shops open.

National holidays

The following holidays are celebrated across the country, where government offices and ministries are closed. These holidays are either national secular holidays or important religious holidays.

Fixed holidays

The following holidays occur annually on a fixed day of the calendar:

Date English name Arabic name Description
January 7 Christmas عيد الميلاد المجيد Celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, according to the Coptic Calendar (29 Koiak)
January 25 Revolution Day 2011[2]
National Police Day
عيد ثورة 25 يناير
عيد الشرطة
Celebrates the day of the beginning of the Egyptian revolution of 2011, protesting the 30-year rule of Hosni Mubarak.
Celebrates the anniversary of Police officers resistance against the British Army in 1952 during the final months of the colonial era.
April 25 Sinai Liberation Day عيد تحرير سيناء Celebrates the final withdrawal of all Israeli military forces from the Sinai Peninsula in 1982.
May 1 Labour Day عيد العمال
June 30 Revolution Day 2013 [3] عيد ثورة 30 يونيو Celebrates the June 2013 Egyptian protests, which saw Islamist president Mohamed Morsi deposed by the military a few days later.
July 23 Revolution Day عيد ثورة 23 يوليو Celebrates the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which led to the declaration of the modern republic of Egypt. This is considered the national day of Egypt.[1][4]
October 6 Armed Forces Day عيد القوات المسلحة Celebrates Egypt's initial military success in the October War which led to the liberation of the land of Sinai from occupation back to Egyptian sovereignty.

Some government-related offices, including most universities, are also closed on the Coptic Orthodox date of Epiphany, 19 January.

Movable holidays

The following days are public holidays but the date on which each occurs varies, either because the date is fixed relative to the lunar Islamic calendar or (in the case of Sham El Nessim) has no fixed date in any calendar. In order in which they occur:

Date English name Arabic name Description
April or May Sham El Nessim (Spring Festival) شم النسيم The Monday following Orthodox Easter
1 Muharram Islamic New Year عيد رأس السنة الهجرية The first day of the year based on the lunar Islamic calendar (1 Muharram)
12 Rabi' al-Awwal Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (Sunni) المولد النبوي الشريف The birthday of the Prophet Muhammad, according to the Sunni account (12 Rabi al-Awwal)
1–3 Shawwal Eid al-Fitr عيد الفطر المبارك Breaking of the fast of Ramadan, for three days (1-3 Shawwal)
10–13 Zul-Higga Eid al-Adha عيد الأضحى المبارك End of the Hajj and commemoration of the Sacrifice of Abraham, for four days (10-13 Dhu al-Hijjah)

References

  1. ^ a b c "Egypt Country Profile". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Egypt. MFA (Egypt). Retrieved 3 January 2018. 
  2. ^ [www.ahram.org.eg]
  3. ^ "public holiday to commemorate Egypt's 30 June revolution". Ahram Online. Al-Ahram Newspaper. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  4. ^ "Official holidays in Egypt". Official Holidays. Retrieved 3 January 2018. 

External links