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Holidays in Azerbaijan were regulated in the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR for the first time on 19 May 1921 by the Azeri leader Nariman Narimanov. Through the history non-working days have changed.
Public holidays in Azerbaijan include the following:
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|January 1–2||New Year's Day||Yeni il||2 days|
|January 20||Martyrs' Day||Qara Yanvar||Commemorates Black January (1990) when Soviet troops entered Baku and killed more than 130 civilians. Also victims of the Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988) are remembered.|
|March 8||International Women's Day||Qadınlar günü||1 day|
|March 20–24||Spring Festival||Novruz||5 days (beginning in 2011)|
|May 9||Victory Day||Faşizm üzərində qələbə günü||In honor of victory of the USSR over Nazi Germany during World War II.|
|May 28||Republic Day||Respublika günü||Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (1918).|
|June 15||National Salvation Day||Azərbaycan xalqının Milli Qurtuluş günü||Parliament invited Heydar Aliyev to Baku to lead the country (1993).|
|June 26||Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day||Azərbaycan Respublikasının Silahlı Qüvvələri günü|
|October 18||Independence Day||Azərbaycanın müstəqillik günü||Independence from the Soviet Union|
|November 9||Flag Day||Dövlət Bayrağı Günü||Commemorates the adoption of the Flag of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918, which was officially established on November 9, 2009, as the State Flag Day.|
|December 31||International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis||Dünya azərbaycanlıların həmrəyliyi günü||Inspired by the fall of the Berlin Wall, the nationalist Popular Front of Azerbaijan called for and lead the removal of borders between Soviet Azerbaijan and Iran on December 31, 1989. This has since been celebrated by Azeris around the world as the International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis.|
|Changes due to the Islamic lunar calendar||Ramazan Bayramı||Ramazan Bayramı||2 days|
|Changes due to the Islamic lunar calendar||Gurban Bayramı||Qurban Bayramı||2 days|
National days in Azerbaijan that are working days follows:
Only the holidays of Ramadan and Qurban remain as non-working religious days in Azerbaijan as the country is highly secular and irreligious. The religious population of the country, mainly in Nardaran and a number of other villages and regions celebrate the Day of Ashura, a Shia mourning day in the Islamic calendar. Religious minorities of the country – mainly Orthodox Christians and Jews - also celebrate notable religious days of their faith. Despite the fact that the holiday Novruz takes its roots from the religion of Zoroastranism, almost all Azerbaijanis celebrates it as a holiday of spring.