Province of South Carolina
|Status||Colony (Kingdom of Great Britain)|
|Common languages||English, German, French, Catawba, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Muscogee, Yuchi, Shawnee|
|Religion||Church of England (Anglicanism)|
|Legislature||Commons House of Assembly|
|Historical era||Colonial Era|
|Currency||South Carolina pound|
|Today part of||United States|
The Province of South Carolina was originally part of the Province of Carolina in British America, which was chartered by eight Lords Proprietor in 1663. The province later became the U.S. state of South Carolina.
|Source: 1720–1760; 1769–1785 1770–1780|
The Carolinas were named for King Charles II of England. Derived from Latin Carolus, the colony was originally "Carolana," the spelling eventually changed to "Carolina." [Note that Carolana was also the name of a failed settlement plan in the late 1690s.] Charles Towne was the first settlement, established in 1670.
Charles II had given the land to a group of eight nobles called the Lords Proprietors; they planned for a Protestant Christian colony. Originally a single proprietary colony, the northern and southern sections grew apart over time, due partly to neglect by the (individual) legal heirs of the original Lords Proprietor. Dissent over governance of the province led to the appointment of a deputy governor to administer the northern half of the Carolina colony in 1691. The division of the Carolina Province into North Carolina and South Carolina became complete in 1712.
The Yamasee War (1715–1717) ravaged the back-country of the colony. Complaints that the proprietors had not done enough to protect the colonists against either the Indians or the neighboring Spanish, during Queen Anne's War, convinced many residents of the necessity of ending proprietary rule. A rebellion broke out against the proprietors in 1719. Acting on a petition of the residents of the colony, the British government appointed a royal governor for South Carolina in 1720. (The governor of North Carolina would continue to be appointed by the Lords Proprietor until 1729.)
The Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas was founded c.1725, based in Charles Town (Charleston).
|Took office||Left office|
|Edmund Bohun||1698||1699||died in office of fever|
|Nicholas Trott||c.1702||1718||dismissed from office after uprising|
|Richard Alleyn||1719||not sure|
|Robert Wright||1730||1739||died in office|
|Thomas Dale||17 Oct 1739||Nov 1739||not sure|
|Benjamin Whitaker||7 Nov 1739||1749||removed from office due to paralysis|
|James Graeme||6 Jul 1749|
|James Michie||1 Sep 1759||16 Jul 1760||died in office, London, England|
|William Simpson||24 Jan 1761|
|Thomas Knox Gordon||13 May 1771|
|William Henry Drayton||13 Apr 1776|
|John Rutledge||16 Feb 1791||1795||resigned and afterwards Chief Justice of the United States|
|after 1791 no further Chief Justices were appointed.|