The Evangelical Church in Germany is an umbrella organization for 11 United Protestant (Lutheran & Reformed), 7 Lutheran and 2 Reformed churches that collectively gather 21.1 million German Protestants.
In the early 19th century, Lutheran and Calvinist churches were unionised throughout Germany, notably in the Kingdom of Prussia during the Prussian Union of churches in 1817. With the end of the Prussian monarchy in 1918, the king's function as summus episcopus (Supreme Governor of the Evangelical Church of Prussia) ceased to exist. Furthermore, the Weimar Constitution of 1919 decreed the separation of state and religion. Thus, its new constitution of 29 September 1922 the Evangelical State Church of Prussia's older Provinces reorganised in 1922 under the name Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union (German: Evangelische Kirche der altpreußischen Union, EKapU or ApU), renamed to Evangelische Kirche der Union (EKU) in 1953.
Religious affiliation declined among Protestants in both West and East Germany after World War II, although to a considerably greater extent in the East. Today there are more Protestants than Catholics in Germany, although the Roman Catholic Church has more members than any individual Protestant denomination.
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