Priscian of (or Lydia Priscianus; Greek: Πρισκιανός ο Λυδός Prīskiānós ho Lȳdós; Latin: Priscianus Lydus; fl. 6th century), was one of the last of the Neoplatonists. Two works of his have survived.
A contemporary of
Simplicius of Cilicia, Priscian was born in Lydia, probably in the late 5th century. He was one of the last Neoplatonists to study at the Academy when Damascius was at its head. When Justinian I closed the school in 529, Priscian, together with Damascius, Simplicius, and four other colleagues were forced to seek asylum in the court of the Persian king Chosroes. By 533 they were allowed back into the  Byzantine Empire after Justinian and Chosroes concluded a peace treaty, in which it was provided that the philosophers would be allowed to return.
Two works of Priscian's have survived:
An epitome of
Theophrastus' On Sense-Perception Answers to Chosroes ( Solutiones ad Chosroen)
Answers to Chosroes contain a series of answers to philosophical questions which were apparently posed to Priscian in a debate at the Persian court during his exile. The text exists only in a late, corrupt Latin translation.   Priscian mentions:  Plato's Timaeus, Phaedo and Phaedrus; Aristotle's Politics, Physics, On the Heavens, Generation and Corruption, On Dreams and On Prophesying by Dreams; Hippocrates, Strabo's Geography, Ptolemy's Almagest, Iamblichus' On the Soul and the works of Plotinus and Proclus. The list is a catalog of Neoplatonic works on cosmology and natural history.
It has also been suggested that the commentary on
Aristotle's attributed to Simplicius, was written by Priscian, On the Soul but this is disputed. 
^ a b
George Sarton, (1927), Introduction to the History of Science, Volume 1, page 423. Williams & Wilkins
. D. Nutt. 1888. pp. 17–. The Classical Review
Posidonius (2004-05-20). . Cambridge University Press. pp. 287–. Posidonius: Volume 3, The Translation of the Fragments ISBN 9780521604413 . Retrieved . 25 May 2013
. F. Duemmler. 1864. pp. 53–. Anecdota graeca et graeco-latina
^ Steel C., in
Priscian, On Theophrastus on Sense-Perception and Simplicius' On Aristotle's On the Soul 2.5-12., Cornell University Press, 1997. See Bryn Mawr Classical Review 1999.10.18
^ Hadot, I.,
Mnemosyne, Volume 55, Number 2, 2002, pp. 159-199. Simplicius or Pricianus? On the Author of the Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima.
Priscian: On Theophrastus on Sense-Perception, (translated by Pamela Huby) with Simplicius: On Aristotle, On the Soul 2.5-12, (translated by Carlos Steel). Duckworth, London 1997. ISBN 0-7156-2752-X
Frede, Michael; Striker, Gisela (1999). . Clarendon Press. Rationality in Greek thought ISBN 9780198250029 . Retrieved . 25 May 2013 McKeon, Richard Peter (1949). . University of Wisconsin Press Science and Civilization . Retrieved . 25 May 2013