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Priekulė, Lithuania

Priekulė
City
Main street toward Klaipėda
Main street toward Klaipėda
Flag of Priekulė
Flag
Coat of arms of Priekulė
Coat of arms
Priekulė is located in Lithuania
Priekulė
Priekulė
Location of Priekulė
Coordinates: 55°33′20″N 21°19′10″E / 55.55556°N 21.31944°E / 55.55556; 21.31944
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Lithuania Minor
County LTU Klaipėdos apskritis flag.svg Klaipėda County
Municipality Klaipėda District Municipality
Eldership Priekulė eldership
Capital of Priekulė eldership
First mentioned 16th century
Granted city rights 1948
Population (2005)
 • Total 1,690
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Priekulė (About this sound pronunciation , German: Prökuls)[1] is a small city in Klaipėda District Municipality, Lithuania. It is located on the banks of Minija River about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Klaipėda. Priekulė is the seat of Priekulė elderate. Priekulė was part of East Prussia for most of its history and, as part of the Klaipėda Region, became part of Lithuania in 1923–1939 and after World War II in 1945.

History

Priekulė's name is known since the first half of the 16th century. At first it was named Paminia (at river Minia), and it was a small village with three homesteads. In 1511, a tavern "zur Minnige" is mentioned in written sources. In 1540, a certain Lukas Preckol is an owner of the tavern. It is believed that the town name was derived from Preckol's last name.[2] The name "Precols" was recorded on region maps in 1548. A church was built in 1587 and a teacher was hired in 1594.

In 1609 during the Polish–Swedish War (1600–1611), regiments of the Polish–Lithuanian cavalry plundered the town. In 1688 minister Wilhelm Martin built a new church. In 1905 the village, now known as Prökuls, had 500 residents who were mostly Protestant Lutherans and mainly spoke the Memelland-Samogitian dialect.[citation needed]

On December 19, 2002 the city was granted coat of arms by the President of Lithuania.

Landmarks

There is St. Anthony of Padua Church, built in 1938. In the city park grows a centuries-old oak, that is preserved as monument of nature. In the city there is a monument to Lithuanian writer Ieva Simonaitytė. Her cottage is turned into memorial museum (established in 1984). Estates of the forefathers of philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) were located in Kantvainai (lt) (Kantweinen) in the vicinity of Priekulė.

Notable residents

Literature

  • Mortensen, Hans und Gertrud: Kants väterliche Ahnen und ihre Umwelt, Rede von 1952 in Jahrbuch der Albertus-Universität zu Königsberg / Pr., Holzner- Verlag Kitzingen/ Main 1953 Bd. 3
  • Sembritzki, Johannes: Geschichte des Kreises Memel, Memel 1918

References

  1. ^ Kaemmerer, Margarete (2004). Ortsnamenverzeichnis der Ortschaften jenseits von Oder und Neiße (in German). ISBN 3-7921-0368-0. 
  2. ^ Vanagas, Aleksandras (1996). Lietuvos miestų vardai (in Lithuanian). Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidykla. pp. 177–180. ISBN 5-420-01354-1.