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President of Paraguay

President of the
Republic of Paraguay
Presidente de la República del Paraguay
Flag of the President of Paraguay.svg
Standard of the President of the Republic
Abdo Benítez con banda.jpg
Incumbent
Mario Abdo Benítez

since August 15, 2018
StyleExcelentísimo Señor
ResidenceMburuvicha Róga
SeatPalacio de los López
AppointerDirect popular election
Term lengthFive years, non-renewable
Inaugural holderCarlos Antonio López
FormationMarch 13, 1844
DeputyVice President of Paraguay
Websitewww.presidencia.gov.py
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

The President of Paraguay (Spanish: Presidente del Paraguay), officially known as the President of the Republic of Paraguay (Spanish: Presidente de la República del Paraguay), is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government. His honorific title is Excelentísimo Señor.

Under the 1992 constitution, the President is limited to a single five-year term. An attempt by the Senate to abolish term limits on 1 April 2017 resulted in protests;[1][2][3] it was ultimately rejected.[4]

The Presidential seat is the Palacio de los López, in Asunción. The Presidential residence is the Mburuvichá Roga, also in Asunción.

Once Presidents leave office, they are granted by the Constitution of Paraguay the speaking-but-non-voting position of Senator for life.[5]

The current President of Paraguay is Mario Abdo Benítez, since 15 August 2018.

List of heads of state of Paraguay (1811–present)

Non-presidential heads of state (1811–1844)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Notes
Bernardo de Velasco

José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia

Juan Valeriano de Zevallos
16 May 1811 17 June 1811 Governor Intendants.
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
17 June 1811 12 October 1813 President of the Superior Governing Junta.
Gaspar Francia (La Plata, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay).jpg José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
12 October 1813 12 February 1814 Consul of the Republic.
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
12 February 1814 12 June 1814 Consul of the Republic.
Dr francia.JPG José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
12 June 1814 3 October 1814 Consul of the Republic.
3 October 1814 30 May 1816 Supreme Dictator.
30 May 1816 20 September 1840 Perpetual Dictator. Died in office.
Manuel Antonio Ortiz
(?–?)
20 September 1840 21 January 1841 President of the Provisional Junta.
Juan José Medina

José Gabriel Benítez

José Campos
21 January 1841 9 February 1841 Triumvirate.
Mariano Roque Alonzo
(?–1853)
9 February 1841 12 March 1841 General Commander of Arms.
Carlos Antonio López

Mariano Roque Alonzo
12 March 1841 13 March 1844 Consuls of the Republic.

Presidents (1844–present)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Election Notes Vice President
1 Presidente Carlos Antonio Lopez.jpg Carlos Antonio López
(1792–1862)
13 March 1844 13 March 1854 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years. Post not established
13 March 1854 13 March 1857 Elected by the Congress for a term of three years.
13 March 1857 10 September 1862 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years. Died in office.
2 Solano Lopez 1867.png Francisco Solano López
(1827–1870)
10 September 1862 16 October 1862 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
16 October 1862 1 March 1870 Elected by the Congress for a term of ten years. Killed in the Paraguayan War.
Triunvirato Paraguay.png Cirilo Antonio Rivarola

Carlos Loizaga

José Díaz de Bedoya
15 August 1869 31 August 1870 Triumvirate proclaimed by the occupying forces of the Triple Alliance.
3 Facundo Machaín.jpg Facundo Machaín
(1845–1877)
31 August 1870 1 September 1870 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
4 Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
(1836–1878)
1 September 1870 25 November 1870 Interim President appointed by the Congress after a coup.
25 November 1870 18 December 1871 1870 Resigned. Cayo Miltos[a]
Vacant[b]
Salvador Jovellanos[c]
5 Salvador Silvestre del Rosario Jovellanos Guanes.jpg Salvador Jovellanos
(1833–1881)
18 December 1871 25 November 1874 Vice President under Cirilo Antonio Rivarola, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1870-1874. Vacant
6 Juan Bautista Gill Picture.jpg Juan Bautista Gill
(1840–1877)
25 November 1874 12 April 1877 1874 Assassinated. Higinio Uriarte
7 José Higinio Uriarte del Barrio.jpg Higinio Uriarte
(1843–1909)
12 April 1877 25 November 1878 Vice President under Juan Bautista Gill, assumed the presidency after his assassination. Finished the presidential period 1874-1878. Vacant
8 Cándido Bareiro.jpg Cándido Bareiro
(1833–1880)
25 November 1878 4 September 1880 1878 Died in office. Adolfo Saguier
9 Bernardino Caballero.jpg Bernardino Caballero
(1839–1912)
4 September 1880 25 November 1882 Interim President appointed by the Congress after the Vice President under Bareiro, Adolfo Saguier, and next president in the succession line, was forced to resign by the military. Finished the presidential period 1878-1882. Vacant
25 November 1882 25 November 1886 1882 Juan Antonio Jara
10 Patricio escobarpy.jpg Patricio Escobar
(1843–1912)
25 November 1886 25 November 1890 ANR-Colorado 1886 José del Rosario Miranda
11 Juan Gualberto González.jpg Juan Gualberto González
(1851–1912)
25 November 1890 9 June 1894 ANR-Colorado 1890 Forced to resign by a coup. Marcos Morínigo
12 Marcos Antonio Morínigo Fleytas.jpg Marcos Morínigo
(1848–1901)
9 June 1894 25 November 1894 ANR-Colorado Vice President under Juan Gualberto González, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1890-1894. Vacant
13 Juan Bautista Luis Egusquiza Isasi.jpg Juan Bautista Egusquiza
(1845–1902)
25 November 1894 25 November 1898 ANR-Colorado 1894 Facundo Ynsfrán Caballero
14 Emiliace.jpg Emilio Aceval
(1853–1931)
25 November 1898 9 January 1902 ANR-Colorado 1898 Forced to resign by a coup. Andrés Héctor Carvallo
15 Andrés Héctor Carvallo Acosta.jpg Andrés Héctor Carvallo
(1862–1934)
9 January 1902 25 November 1902 ANR-Colorado Vice President under Emilio Aceval, assumed the presidency after his resignation. Finished the presidential period 1898-1902. Vacant
16 Juan Antonio Escurra.jpg Juan Antonio Escurra
(1859–1929)
25 November 1902 19 December 1904 ANR-Colorado 1902 Deposed in a coup. Manuel Domínguez
17 Juan Bautista Gaona
(1845–1932)
19 December 1904 9 December 1905 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress after Escurra and his Vice President, Manuel Domínguez, resigned in the coup. Deposed in a coup. Vacant
18 CECILIO BAEZ.jpg Cecilio Báez
(1862–1941)
9 December 1905 25 November 1906 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1902-1906.
19 General BenignoFerreira7.jpg Benigno Ferreira
(1946–1920)
25 November 1906 4 July 1908 Liberal 1906 Deposed in a coup. Emiliano González Navero
20 Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934)
4 July 1908 25 November 1910 Liberal Vice President under Benigno Ferreira, assumed the presidency after the coup. Finished the presidential period 1906-1910. First term. Vacant
21 ManuelGondra1920.jpg Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
25 November 1910 17 January 1911 Liberal 1910 First term. Deposed in a coup. Juan Bautista Gaona
22 Albino Jara
(1877–1912)
17 January 1911 5 July 1911 Liberal De facto president after a coup. Resigned. Vacant
23 Liberatorojas.jpg Liberato Marcial Rojas
(1870–1922)
5 July 1911 14 January 1912 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
Marcoscaballerocodas 200 203 735745.jpg
Mario-uscher 200 248 735873.jpg
Alfredoaponte 200 203 735939.jpg
Marcos Caballero Codas

Mario Uscher

Alfredo Aponte
14 January 1912 17 January 1912 De facto triumvirate after a coup.
23 Liberatorojas.jpg Liberato Marcial Rojas
(1870–1922)
17 January 1912 28 February 1912 Liberal Restoration of its original mandate. Deposed in a coup.
24 Pedro Pablo Peña Cañete.jpg Pedro Pablo Peña
(1864–1943)
28 February 1912 22 March 1912 ANR-Colorado Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
(20) Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934)
22 March 1912 15 August 1912 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. Second term.
25 Schaerer 5496663999 e31a295834 o.jpg Eduardo Schaerer
(1873–1941)
15 August 1912 15 August 1916 Liberal 1912 Pedro Bobadilla
26 Manuel Franco.jpg Manuel Franco
(1871–1919)
15 August 1916 5 June 1919 Liberal 1916 Died in office. José Pedro Montero
27 José Pedro Montero Candia.jpg José Pedro Montero
(1878–1927)
5 June 1919 15 August 1920 Liberal Vice President under Manuel Franco, assumed the presidency after his death. Finished the presidential period 1916-1920. Vacant
(21) ManuelGondra1920.jpg Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
15 August 1920 29 October 1921 Liberal 1920 Second term. Resigned. Félix Paiva
28 Félix Paiva
(1877–1965)
29 October 1921 7 November 1921 Liberal Vice President under Manuel Gondra, assumed the presidency after his resignation. First term. Resigned. Vacant
29 EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942)
7 November 1921 12 April 1923 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. First term. Resigned during in the Civil War of 1922.
30 Eligio ayala.jpg Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930)
12 April 1923 17 March 1924 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. First term. Resigned.
31 LUIS RIART.jpg Luis Alberto Riart
(1880–1953)
17 March 1924 15 August 1924 Liberal Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1920-1924.
(30) Eligio ayala.jpg Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930)
15 August 1924 15 August 1928 Liberal 1924 Second term. Manuel Burgos
32 1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg José Patricio Guggiari
(1884–1957)
15 August 1928 25 October 1931 Liberal 1928 Resigned to stand an impeachment. Emiliano González Navero
(20) Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934)
25 October 1931 27 January 1932 Liberal Vice President under José Patricio Guggiari, assumed the presidency during his impeachment. Third term. Vacant
(32) 1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg José Patricio Guggiari
(1884–1957)
27 January 1932 15 August 1932 Liberal Restoration of its original mandate after being absolved from impeachment. Emiliano González Navero
(29) EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942)
15 August 1932 17 February 1936 Liberal 1932 Second term. Paraguayan victory in the Chaco War. Deposed after the Febrerista Revolution. Raúl Casal Ribeiro
33 Rafael Franco
(1896–1973)
17 February 1936 13 August 1937 Military De facto president after a coup. Deposed after a coup. Vacant
(28) Félix Paiva
(1877–1965)
13 August 1937 11 October 1938 Liberal De facto president after a coup. Second term.
11 October 1938 15 August 1939 Interim President appointed by the Congress.
34 Jose Estigarribia.jpg José Félix Estigarribia
(1888–1940)
15 August 1939 18 February 1940 Liberal 1939 Luis Alberto Riart
18 February 1940 7 September 1940 De facto president after a self-coup. The new Constitution of 1940 increased the presidential term from 4 to 5 years, allowed a single consecutive reelection, removed the Electoral College and the Vice President post. Died in a plane crash. Vacant[d]
Post abolished[e]
35 Higinio Morínigo
(1897–1983)
7 September 1940 15 August 1943 Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1939-1943.
15 August 1943 3 June 1948 1943 Deposed in a coup.
36 Juan Manuel Frutos
(1879–1960)
3 June 1948 15 August 1948 ANR-Colorado Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1943-1948.
37 Juan Natalicio González
(1897–1966)
15 August 1948 30 January 1949 ANR-Colorado 1948 Deposed in a coup.
38 Raimundo Rolón Villasanti.jpg Raimundo Rolón
(1903–1981)
30 January 1949 26 February 1949 ANR-Colorado Interim President appointed by the Congress. Deposed in a coup.
39 Felipe Benigno Molas López.jpg Felipe Molas López
(1901–1954)
26 February 1949 14 May 1949 ANR-Colorado De facto president after a coup.
14 May 1949 11 September 1949 1949 Elected to finish the presidential period 1948-1953. Deposed in a coup.
40 Federico Chaves
(1882–1978)
11 September 1949 15 August 1953 ANR-Colorado Interim President appointed by the Congress. Finished the presidential period 1948-1953.
15 August 1953 4 May 1954 1953 Deposed in a coup d'état.
Vacant
4 May 1954 – 8 May 1954
There was no president in this period.
41 Tomás Romero Pereira.jpg Tomás Romero Pereira
(1886–1982)
8 May 1954 15 August 1954 ANR-Colorado Interim President appointed by the Congress.
42 Alfredo Stroessner2.jpg Alfredo Stroessner
(1912–2006)
15 August 1954 15 August 1958 ANR-Colorado 1954 Elected to finish the presidential period 1953-1958.
15 August 1958 15 August 1963 1958
15 August 1963 15 August 1968 1963 The new Constitution of 1967 allowed Stroessner to run for two more elections.
15 August 1968 15 August 1973 1968
15 August 1973 15 August 1978 1973 The Constitutional Amendment of 1977 allowed indefinite reelections.
15 August 1978 15 August 1983 1978
15 August 1983 15 August 1988 1983
15 August 1988 3 February 1989 1988 Deposed in a coup d'état.
43 Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti.jpg Andrés Rodríguez
(1923–1997)
3 February 1989 15 May 1989 ANR-Colorado De facto president after a coup.
15 May 1989 15 August 1993 1989 The new Constitution of 1992 removed the possibility of reelection and reinstated the Vice President post. Elected to finish the presidential period 1988-1993.
44 Wasmosy 1990 (cropped).jpg Juan Carlos Wasmosy
(1938–)
15 August 1993 15 August 1998 ANR-Colorado 1993 Ángel Seifart
45 Raúl Cubas Grau.jpg Raúl Cubas
(1943–)
15 August 1998 28 March 1999 ANR-Colorado 1998 Resigned. Luis María Argaña[f]
Vacant[g]
46 Gonzalez Macchi 2003.jpg Luis Ángel González Macchi
(1947–)
28 March 1999 15 August 2003 ANR-Colorado President of the Senate, as the Vice President, Luis María Argaña, was assassinated 5 days before. Finished the presidential period 1998-2003.
Julio César Franco[h]
Vacant[i]
47 Paraguay.NicanorDuarte.02.jpg Nicanor Duarte
(1956–)
15 August 2003 15 August 2008 ANR-Colorado 2003 Luis Alberto Castiglioni[j]
Vacant[k]
Francisco Oviedo[l]
48 Fernando Lugo Mendez Py (Copyred).jpg Fernando Lugo
(1951–)
15 August 2008 22 June 2012 Christian Democratic 2008 Impeached. Federico Franco
49 Federico Franco.jpg Federico Franco
(1962–)
22 June 2012 15 August 2013 Authentic Radical Liberal Vice President under Fernando Lugo, assumed the presidency after his impeachment. Finished the presidential period 2008-2013. Vacant[m]
Óscar Denis[n]
50 Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg Horacio Cartes
(1956–)
15 August 2013 15 August 2018 ANR-Colorado 2013 Juan Afara[o]
Vacant[p]
Alicia Pucheta[q]
51 Abdo Benítez con banda.jpg Mario Abdo Benítez
(1971–)
15 August 2018 Incumbent ANR-Colorado 2018 Hugo Velázquez Moreno

Timeline

Mario Abdo BenítezHoracio CartesFederico FrancoFernando LugoNicanor DuarteLuis Ángel González MacchiRaúl CubasJuan Carlos WasmosyAndrés RodríguezAlfredo StroessnerTomás Romero PereiraFederico ChavesFelipe Molas LópezRaimundo RolónJuan Natalicio GonzálezJuan Manuel FrutosHiginio MorínigoJosé Félix EstigarribiaRafael FrancoJosé Patricio GuggiariLuis Alberto RiartEligio AyalaEusebio AyalaFélix PaivaJosé Pedro MonteroManuel FrancoEduardo SchaererPedro Pablo PeñaAlfredo AponteMario UscherMarcos Caballero CodasLiberato Marcial RojasAlbino JaraManuel GondraEmiliano González NaveroBenigno FerreiraCecilio BáezJuan Bautista GaonaJuan Antonio EscurraAndrés Héctor CarvalloEmilio AcevalJuan Bautista EgusquizaMarcos MorínigoJuan Gualberto GonzálezPatricio EscobarBernardino CaballeroCándido BareiroHiginio UriarteJuan Bautista GillSalvador JovellanosFacundo MachaínJosé Díaz de BedoyaCarlos LoizagaCirilo Antonio RivarolaFrancisco Solano LópezCarlos Antonio LópezMariano Roque AlonzoJosé CamposJosé Gabriel BenítezJuan José MedinaManuel Antonio OrtizFulgencio YegrosJuan Valeriano de ZevallosJosé Gaspar Rodríguez de FranciaBernardo de Velasco

Latest election

President

Candidate Party/Alliance Votes %
Mario Abdo Benítez Colorado Party 1,206,067 48.96
Efraín Alegre GANAR 1,110,464 45.08
Juan Bautista Ybáñez Paraguay Green Party 84,045 3.41
Jaro Anzoátegui National Artists' Movement 15,490 0.63
Atanasio Galeano Popular Patriotic Movement Party 9,908 0.40
Ramón Ernesto Benítez Patriotic Reserve Movement 9,361 0.38
Pedro Almada Broad Front [es] 8,590 0.35
Efraín Enríquez National Sovereign Movement 7,291 0.30
Celino Ferreira Movimiento Civico Nacional Unamonos 6,295 0.26
Justo Germán Ortega Heirs Democratic Socialist Party 5,930 0.24
Invalid/blank votes 134,548
Total 2,597,989 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,241,507 61.25
Source: TSJE

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 25 November 1870 – 7 January 1871. Died in office.
  2. ^ 7 January 1871 – 9 December 1871.
  3. ^ 9 December 1871 – 18 December 1871. Appointed by the Congress.
  4. ^ 18 February 1940 – 10 July 1940. The post of Vice President is abolished with the Constitution of 1940.
  5. ^ 10 July 1940 – 15 August 1993.
  6. ^ 15 August 1998 – 23 March 1999. Assassinated.
  7. ^ 23 March 1999 – 2 September 2000.
  8. ^ 2 September 2000 – 16 October 2002. Elected in 2000. Resigned to run for presidency.
  9. ^ 16 October 2002 – 15 August 2003.
  10. ^ 15 August 2003 – 4 October 2007. Resigned to run for presidency.
  11. ^ 4 October 2007 – 21 November 2007.
  12. ^ 21 November 2007 – 15 August 2008. Appointed by the Congress.
  13. ^ 22 June 2012 – 27 June 2012.
  14. ^ 27 June 2012 – 15 August 2013. Appointed by the Congress.
  15. ^ 15 August 2013 – 11 April 2018. Resigned to run for Senator.
  16. ^ 11 April 2018 – 9 May 2018.
  17. ^ 9 May 2018 – 15 August 2018. Appointed by the Congress.

References

  1. ^ "Paraguay congress set on fire as election protests turn deadly". BBC News. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  2. ^ Romero, Simon (31 March 2017). "Protests Erupt in Paraguay Over Efforts to Extend President's Term". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Paraguay rioters storm Congress after Senate amends constitution". USA Today. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Paraguay MPs reject amendment allowing president re-election". BBC News. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  5. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Paraguay, 1992, Article 189 (subsection 1): "(1) Former presidents of the Republic who were democratically elected will be national senators for life, except for those who were impeached from office.
    (2) They will not count toward a quorum. They will have the right to speak, but not to vote."

External links