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Praxidike (moon)

Discovered byScott S. Sheppard
Discovery date2000
Jupiter XXVII
Named after
Πραξιδίκη Praxidikē
S/2000 J 7
AdjectivesPraxidikean /ˌpræksɪdɪˈkən/[2]
Orbital characteristics[3]
21147000 km
−625.3 days
Satellite ofJupiter
GroupAnanke group
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter
7.0±0.7 km[4]

Praxidike /prækˈsɪdɪk/, also known as Jupiter XXVII, is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S. Sheppard in 2000,[5][6] and given the temporary designation S/2000 J 7.

It was named in August 2003 after Praxidice,[7] the Greek goddess of punishment.


Praxidike orbits Jupiter at an average distance of 20,824,000 km in 613.904 days, at an inclination of 144° to the ecliptic (143° to Jupiter's equator), in a retrograde direction and with an eccentricity of 0.1840.

Praxidike belongs to the Ananke group, believed to be the remnants of a break-up of a captured heliocentric asteroid.[8][9] With an estimated diameter of 7 km, Praxidike is the second largest member of the group after Ananke itself (assumed albedo of 0.04).[10]


The satellite appears grey (colour indices B-V=0.77, R-V= 0.34), typical of C-type asteroids.[11]


  1. ^ as 'Praxidice' in Noah Webster (1884) A Practical Dictionary of the English Language
  2. ^ There is also 'Praxidician' /præksɪˈdɪʃiən/, as in the 'Praxidician goddesses' that include Praxidice, but this does not derive from the name Praxidice itself.
  3. ^ S.S. Sheppard (2019), Moons of Jupiter, Carnegie Science, on line
  4. ^ a b Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Mainzer, A. K.; Masiero, J. R.; Nugent, C. R.; Cutri, R. M.; et al. (August 2015). "NEOWISE: Observations of the Irregular Satellites of Jupiter and Saturn". The Astrophysical Journal. 809 (1): 9. Bibcode:2015ApJ...809....3G. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/809/1/3. 3.
  5. ^ IAUC 7555: Satellites of Jupiter January 5, 2001 (discovery)
  6. ^ MPEC 2001-A29: S/2000 J 7, S/2000 J 8, S/2000 J 9, S/2000 J 10, S/2000 J 11 January 15, 2001 (discovery and ephemeris)
  7. ^ IAUC 7998: Satellites of Jupiter 2002 October 22 (naming the moon)
  8. ^ Sheppard, S. S., Jewitt, D. C.; An Abundant Population of Small Irregular Satellites Around Jupiter Archived 2003-08-05 at the Wayback Machine, Nature, Vol. 423 (May 2003), pp. 261-263
  9. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Alvarellos, J. L. A.; Dones, L.; and Levison, H. F.; Orbital and Collisional Evolution of the Irregular Satellites, The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 126 (2003), pp. 398–429
  10. ^ Sheppard, S. S.; Jewitt, D. C.; Porco, C.; Jupiter's Outer Satellites and Trojans Archived 2011-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, in Jupiter: The Planet, Satellites and Magnetosphere, edited by Fran Bagenal, Timothy E. Dowling, and William B. McKinnon, Cambridge Planetary Science, Vol. 1, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-81808-7, 2004, pp. 263-280
  11. ^ Grav, T.; Holman, M. J.; Gladman, B. J.; Aksnes, K.; Photometric Survey of the Irregular Satellites, Icarus, Vol. 166 (2003), pp. 33-45
  1. Ephemeris IAU-MPC NSES
  2. Mean orbital parameters NASA JPL

External links