PChW MPCh MWM SR
|Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand|
1 January 1958 – 20 October 1958
|Prime Minister||Thanom Kittikachorn|
|Commander in Chief of the Royal Thai Army|
1 October 1964 – 30 September 1973
|Preceded by||Thanom Kittikachorn|
|Succeeded by||Kris Sivara|
|Director-General of Police|
1 October 1972 – 16 October 1973
|Preceded by||Prasert Rujirawongse|
|Succeeded by||Prajuab Suntarangkool|
|Born||December 5, 1912
Udon Thani, Siam
|Died||August 18, 1997(aged 84)|
|Service/branch||Royal Thai Army|
|Years of service||1933–1973|
|Rank|| Field Marshal
Praphas Charusathien[note 1] (Thai: ประภาส จารุเสถียร, rtgs: Praphat Charusathian, Thai pronunciation: [pràʔpʰâːt t͡ɕaːrúʔsàʔtʰǐan]; 25 November 1912 – 18 August 1997) was a Thai military officer and politician. He was a field marshal (chom phon) of the Royal Thai Army and minister of interior in the governments of military rulers Sarit Thanarat and Thanom Kittikachorn.
Praphas graduated from the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy and became an infantry officer. He was sponsored by Field Marshal and Prime Minister-to-be Sarit Thanarat. He was quickly promoted to higher ranks. In 1957, Sarit appointed him minister of interior, a position in which he continued to serve after Sarit's death in 1963. The new Prime Minister was Thanom Kittikachorn, whose son married Praphas' daughter. From 1963 to 1973, he was additionally deputy prime minister and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army. During this time, Praphas was the strong man in the background who pulled the strings in the Thanom government. He was known for obscure financial transactions and political intrigues.
In 1973, he was replaced as army commander by General Krit Srivara, which indicated his loss of influence. In October 1973 protests against the rigid military rule grew into a massive popular uprising that was answered by a bloody crackdown on the protesting students and democracy activists. The many dead civilists prompted King Bhumibol Adulyadej to intervene. Praphas, Thanom and his son Colonel Narong Kittikachorn went into exile.
Praphas Charusathien died on 18 August 1997 in Bangkok.
- Alternative spellings of his first name: Prapas, Praphat, Prapass; last name: Charusathian, Charusathiara
- Leifer, Michael (1996), "Praphas Charusathien", Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia (Routledge), p. 134
- Stefan Huebner, Pan-Asian Sports and the Emergence of Modern Asia, 1913-1974. Singapore: NUS Press, 2016, chapter 7 (on Praphas as a leading sports organizer, development policy, the Cold War, and the 1966 and 1970 Asian Games in Bangkok).