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Portraits at the Stock Exchange

At the Stock Exchange
At The Stock Exchange.jpg
ArtistEdgar Degas
Yearc. 1879
Mediumoil on canvas
Dimensions100 cm × 82 cm (39 in × 32 in)
LocationMusée d'Orsay, Paris

Portraits at the Stock Exchange (also known as At the Bourse) is a painting by the French artist Edgar Degas. Completed in about 1879, the painting was already in the collection of the French banker Ernest May when it was listed in the catalogue of the fourth Impressionist exhibition that year. It may also have been shown in the next Impressionist exhibit in 1880, but it was not well known until it entered the collections of the Louvre in 1923. The canvas shows an interior corner of the open trading floor of the Paris Stock Exchange (The Paris Bourse).[1] May stands in the center of the picture wearing a top hat and pince-nez, listening to his colleague, a certain M. Bolâtre, leaning over his shoulder. They are likely discussing a document, possibly a bordereau, held aloft by a partially obscured third party.[2]

Although the owner and possible commissioner of the work was himself Jewish, art historian Linda Nochlin has interpreted the painting as an anti-Semitic depiction of Jews in Paris, due especially to the exaggerated features and postures of the subjects.[3] British art historian Richard Shone has written about the oil painting and its pastel study without mentioning anti-Semitism. In stark contrast to Nochlin, he describes the figures as having "humdrum features." May himself, according to Shone, is depicted as a "seasoned figure" whose "expression gives nothing away." [4] While anti-Semitism has a long history in France, there is little evidence of Degas' holding this attitude until the time of the Dreyfus affair two decades later.

The technique of Portraits at the Stock Exchange can be more closely related to Impressionism than many of Degas's earlier works. Evidence for this can be found in the painting's quickly applied, sketchy brushstrokes. The psychological perspective of the painting is one of detachment, a common viewpoint in Impressionist paintings. This painting currently resides in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. A smaller, pastel sketch of the same subject can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

References

  1. ^ Young, Marnin. "Capital in the Nineteenth Century: Edgar Degas's Portraits at the Stock Exchange in 1879". Nonsite.org.
  2. ^ Loyrette, Henri (1991). Degas. Paris: Fayard. p. 417.
  3. ^ Nochlin, Linda The Politics of Vision. New York: Harper & Row. 1989. pp. 146–148. ISBN 0064301877.
  4. ^ Shone, Richard The Janice H. Levin Collection of French Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Ar. 2002. pp. 35–38. ISBN 1588390292.

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