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( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in Southern Europe, and it is sometimes considered as part of Western Europe. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and
the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
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( 1900 Italian: Novecento, "Twentieth Century") is a 1976 epic historical drama film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci and featuring an international ensemble cast including Robert De Niro, Gérard Depardieu, Dominique Sanda, Francesca Bertini, Laura Betti, Stefania Casini, Ellen Schwiers, Sterling Hayden, Alida Valli, Romolo Valli, Stefania Sandrelli, Donald Sutherland, and Burt Lancaster. Set in Bertolucci's ancestral region of Emilia, the film chronicles the lives and friendship of two men – the landowning Alfredo Berlinghieri (De Niro) and the peasant Olmo Dalcò (Depardieu) – as they witness and participate in the political conflicts between fascism and communism that took place in Italy in the first half of the 20th century. The film premiered out of competition at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival.
With a runtime of 317 minutes in its original version,
1900 is known for being one of the longest commercially released films ever made. Due to its length, the film was presented in two parts when originally released in many countries, including Italy, East and West Germany, Denmark, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Colombia, Pakistan and Japan. In other countries, such as the United States, a single edited-down version of the film was released. 1900 has become widely regarded as a cult classic, and the film received special edition home video releases from Paramount, Fox and other distributors worldwide. The film's restored version premiered out of competition at the 74th Venice International Film Festival in 2017.
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Did you know... - Selected cuisine -
A collection of different pasta varieties
(, ; Pasta Italian pronunciation: ) is a type of Italian [ˈpasta] food typically made from an unleavened dough of durum wheat flour ( semolina) mixed with water or eggs, and formed into sheets or various shapes, then cooked by boiling or baking. Rice flour, or legumes such as beans or lentils, are sometimes used in place of wheat flour to yield a different taste and texture, or as a gluten-free alternative. Pasta is a staple food of Italian cuisine.
Pastas are divided into two broad categories: dried (
pasta secca) and fresh ( pasta fresca). Most dried pasta is produced commercially via an extrusion process, although it can be produced at home. Fresh pasta is traditionally produced by hand, sometimes with the aid of simple machines. Fresh pastas available in grocery stores are produced commercially by large-scale machines.
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General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples (27–30 September 1943).
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the EEC, forerunner of the present-day EU.
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BCE.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Sheets with the iconic picture of
Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
gelato ice cream dessert.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Spanish Republican poster against "the Italian invader".
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
Physician attire for protection from the Bubonic plague or Black death, 1656.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Italian states (1815–1859).
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
Prada shop in Singapore.