The Islands Portal
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, and a small island off the coast may be called a holm. Sedimentary islands in the Ganges delta are called chars. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands, such as the Philippines, is referred to as an archipelago.
An island may be described as such, despite the presence of an artificial land bridge; examples are Singapore and its causeway, and the various Dutch delta islands, such as IJsselmonde. Some places may even retain "island" in their names for historical reasons after being connected to a larger landmass by a land bridge or landfill, such as Coney Island and Coronado Island, though these are, strictly speaking, tied islands. Conversely, when a piece of land is separated from the mainland by a man-made canal, for example the Peloponnese by the Corinth Canal, more or less the entirety of Fennoscandia by the White Sea Canal, or Marble Hill in northern Manhattan during the time between the building of the United States Ship Canal and the filling-in of the Harlem River which surrounded the area, it is generally not considered an island.
There are two main types of islands in the sea: continental and oceanic. There are also artificial islands, which are man-made.
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The Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian: Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers) from the island of Hawaiʻi in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll. Formerly the group was known to Europeans and Americans as the Sandwich Islands, a name that James Cook chose in honor of the then First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. The contemporary name, dating from the 1840s, is derived from the name of the largest island, Hawaiʻi Island. Read more...
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Lemon and mango pickles (achards) traditionally accompany meals in the northwestern coastal regions of Madagascar.
Malagasy cuisine encompasses the many diverse culinary traditions of the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar. Foods eaten in Madagascar reflect the influence of Southeast Asian, African, Indian, Chinese and European migrants that have settled on the island since it was first populated by seafarers from Borneo between 100 CE and 500 CE. Rice, the cornerstone of the Malagasy diet, was cultivated alongside tubers and other Southeast Asian staples by these earliest settlers. Their diet was supplemented by foraging and hunting wild game, which contributed to the extinction of the island's bird and mammal megafauna. These food sources were later complemented by beef in the form of zebu introduced into Madagascar by East African migrants arriving around 1,000 CE. Trade with Arab and Indian merchants and European transatlantic traders further enriched the island's culinary traditions by introducing a wealth of new fruits, vegetables, and seasonings.
Throughout almost the entire island, the contemporary cuisine of Madagascar typically consists of a base of rice served with an accompaniment; in the official dialect of the Malagasy language
, the rice is termed vary
), and the accompaniment, laoka
). The many varieties of laoka may be vegetarian
or include animal proteins, and typically feature a sauce flavored with such ingredients as ginger
, onion, garlic, tomato, vanilla
, curry powder
, or, less commonly, other spices or herbs. In parts of the arid south and west, pastoral
families may replace rice with maize, cassava
, or curds
made from fermented zebu milk. A wide variety of sweet and savory fritters
as well as other street foods are available across the island, as are diverse tropical and temperate-climate fruits. Locally produced beverages include fruit juices, coffee, herbal teas
, and alcoholic drinks such as rum
, wine, and beer. Read more...
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General images -
The following are images from various island-related articles on Wikipedia.
The island groups of the Aegean Sea. The Ionian Sea and most of its islands are not pictured.
The islet of Pontikonisi (mouse island) which has the shape of a mouse.
Ko Yang of the Tarutao group
The Greek mainland and several small islands seen from Nydri, Lefkada
The Shamanka ШаманкаShamanism and one of the 9 most holy places in Asia, on the westcoast of Olkhon
, a holy rock in
The islet of Leon, on the left, next to the larger islet of Souda, within Souda bay
The islet of Trafos in the Libyan Sea
A view from Tinaga beach in Tinaga at sunset
Panguan Island, The last island of the Sulu Archipelago nearest the Philippine-Malaysian border
The main beach on the southern shore of Pamalican
Carrera (left), Cronstadt Island (right)
Atlasov Island from space, September 1992
Ao Thong Nai Pan, Ko Pha Ngan
Panampangan Island, The island with the longest sandbar in the Philippines
17th century Dutch map of Sri Lanka with the Dutch names of the Jaffna islands
Mardanas Island, officially known as Siluag
A fishing village in Jurmo
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