This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Portal:India

Parent portals : Geography / Asia / India

Introduction

Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Flag of India
Location on the world map

India (IAST: Bhārat), also known as the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second-most populous country and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.

Selected articles

Did you know...

Selected images

Selected lists

Categories

In the news

15 January 2019 – Prayagraj Kumbh 2019
The largest human gathering in the world, the Kumbh Mela festival, starts at Prayagraj (previously known as Allahabad), India. More than 120 million Hindu devotees, as well as tourists, are expected. (The Guardian)
15 December 2018 – Kashmir conflict
Indian soldiers and counterinsurgency police exchange gunfire with militants in the southern district of Pulwama, resulting in the deaths of one soldier and three militants. The soldiers then opened fire on a crowd of anti-government protesters who gathered after the battle, killing seven civilians and injuring 40 others. (The Independent)
10 December 2018 –
The Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, Urjit Patel, resigns abruptly. (Reuters)
28 November 2018 – India–Pakistan relations
Personalities from both countries inaugurate a corridor that will enable Sikh pilgrims to travel visa-free between the Indian town of Dera Baba Nanak and the Sri Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan. (Al Jazeera)
24 November 2018 – Traffic accidents in India
A bus crash in Karnataka, India, leaves at least 25 people dead as the vehicle sinks into a canal. (The Guardian)
21 November 2018 –
A 27-year-old American Christian missionary is killed upon landing on North Sentinel Island in an effort to convert the indigenous Sentinelese people. He is the first person killed by the isolated islanders since two Indian nationals in 2006. (BBC)

Topics related to India

Related portals




GANDHI ASHRAM 02.jpg Vidhana Soudha.jpg Palace of Assembly Chandigarh 2007.jpg Kapaleeswarar1.jpg Red Fort 3.jpg Charminar 01.jpg Calcutta .jpg
Ahmedabad Bangalore Chandigarh Chennai Delhi Hyderabad Kolkata
RP Mall, Kollam.jpg Gateway of India - Anannya - 4.JPG Patnamuseum1.JPG Padmanabhaswamy Temple Gopuram, eastern view.JPG Rock Fort Temple.jpg LakePalaceEarlyMorning.jpg
Kollam Mumbai Patna Trivandrum Tiruchirappalli Udaipur


Wikipedias in Indian languages

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Purge server cache