Bulgarian: Добре дошли в българския портал!
Rila Lakes, Rila, Bulgaria
|Welcome to the Bulgarian portal!
Къде е България? • Where is Bulgaria?
(Partially recognized Western-Bulgarian autonomy, the Republic of Macedonia is marked in orange)
Bulgaria (Bulgarian: България, [bɤlɡˈariɤ]), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, [rɛpˈubliˌkɤ bɤlɡˈariɤ]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north, mostly along the Danube.
Bulgaria's civilized history dates back more than six millennia to a prehistoric time and place within the heart of its territory that marks the birth of Europe's and possibly the world's first literary culture. Though relatively small in terms of territory and population, Bulgaria's continuous historical wealth throughout prominent cyclical eras of growth, decline and medieval renaissance rivals that of the much larger and more populous countries of China, India and Egypt.
The modern Bulgarian state was first established in 681 AD creating the First Bulgarian Empire. After the Empire fell to the Byzantine Empire in 1018 the Second one took its place in 1185. The Second Bulgarian Empire established much of Bulgaria's heritage we know today. The empire was completely occupied by the Ottoman Empire in 1396 and fell in 1422. The current Bulgarian state declared independence in 1878 and was completely separated from The Ottoman Empire in 1908.
Part of the Eastern Bloc after World War II, today Bulgaria is a democratic, unitary, parliamentary republic, a member of the European Union and NATO. The capital is Sofia, one of the oldest capital cities in Europe.
: Родопи, Rodopi, usually used with a definite article — Родопите, Rodopite, sometimes also called Родопа, Rodopa or Родопа планина, Rodopa planina; Greek
: Ροδόπη, Rodopi, "red aspect") are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe
, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria
and the remainder in Greece
. Its highest peak, Golyam Perelik (2,191 m), is the seventh highest Bulgarian mountain. The region is particularly notable for the Karst
areas with their deep river gorges, large caves and specific sculptured forms, such as the Trigrad Gorge
The Rhodopes are spread over 14,737 km², of which 12,233 km² are on Bulgarian territory. The mountains are about 220 km long and about 100-120 km wide, with an average altitude of 785 m. 15 reserves have been established in the region, some of which under UNESCO protection.
Things You Can Do
Razgrad is a city in East Bulgaria.
Maritsa is a river in South Bulgaria.
Rila is a mountain in West Bulgaria
Varna lake is a salt lake near Black sea.
Sofia is the bigest city in Bulgaria