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Portal:Anarchism


THE Anarchic a-white.svgNARCHISM PORTAL

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Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. It radically calls for the abolition of the state which it holds to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful.

The history of anarchism goes back to prehistory, when some humans lived in anarchistic societies long before the establishment of formal states, realms or empires. With the rise of organised hierarchical bodies, skepticism toward authority also rose, but it was not until the 19th century that a self-conscious political movement emerged. During the latter half of the 19th and the first decades of the 20th century, the anarchist movement flourished in most parts of the world and had a significant role in worker's struggles for emancipation. Various anarchist schools of thought formed during this period. Read more...


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Libertatis Aequilibritas, symbol of anarcho-capitalism

Anarcho-capitalism is a form of individualist anarchism that advocates the elimination of the state and the elevation of the sovereign individual in a free market. Anarcho-capitalists argue for a society based in voluntary trade of private property in order to maximize individual liberty and prosperity. In the place of the state's tax-funded, centrally controlled security, infrastructure, banking and other services, an anarcho-capitalist society relies on individuals to voluntarily fund socially desirable services through the self-regulated free market.

Developed by Murray Rothbard in the latter half of the 20th century, anarcho-capitalist thought is derived from the American individualist anarchism of people like Lysander Spooner and Benjamin Tucker, the neo-classical economic theory of people like Gustave de Molinari and Ludwig von Mises, and the anti-imperialist ideas of people like Albert Jay Nock and Frank Chodorov. Some, particularly anti-propertarian anarchists, deny that anarcho-capitalism is a type of anarchism at all. (read more...)

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Drawing of Cuban anarchist Enrique Roig San Martin
Credit: El Productor

Drawing of Enrique Roig San Martin from an 1889 issue of El Productor, a Cuban anarchist magazine, which was published to commemorate Roig San Martin's death. Roig San Martín was an important figure in the early Cuban anarchist movement, and founded the Centro de Instrucción y Recreo de Santiago de las Vegas in 1882 with the primary goal of advocating trade unionism and collectivist anarchism.

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The Unabomber

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Henry David Thoreau

Anniversaries for July 12

  • 1850 - Oscar W. Neebe born (d. 1916), New York City.
  • 1918 - Luigi Molinari (b. December 15, 1866) dies. Italian anarchist militant, active with Errico Malatesta & Camillo Berneri.
  • 1919 - Erich Mühsam (pictured) is sentenced to 15 years in prison for his involvement in Bavarian Workers' Councils uprising.
  • 1920 - The offices of the Unione Anarchica Italiana newspaper, Errico Malatesta's rooms & the premises of the Unione Anarchica Milanese, of which he is a member, are raided, under false pretext.
  • 1926 - At the Union anarchiste Congress in Orléans (12-14th) the U.A. changes its name to Union anarchiste communiste (UAC).

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