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Pope Leo VII

Pope

Leo VII
Pope Leo VII.jpg
Papacy began3 January 936
Papacy ended13 July 939
PredecessorJohn XI
SuccessorStephen VIII
Personal details
Died(939-07-13)13 July 939
Previous postCardinal-Priest of San Sisto (8 April 933-3 January 936)
Other popes named Leo

Pope Leo VII (Latin: Leo VII; died 13 July 939) was the bishop of Rome and nominal ruler of the Papal States from 3 January 936 to his death.

Election

Leo VII's election to the papacy in 936, after the death of Pope John XI,[1][2] was secured by Alberic II of Spoleto, the ruler of Rome at the time. Alberic wanted to choose the pope so that the papacy would continue to yield to his authority. Leo was the priest of the church of San Sisto Vecchio in Rome, thought to be a Benedictine monk. He had little ambition towards the papacy, but consented under pressure.

Pontificate

As pope, Leo VII reigned for only three years. Most of his bulls were grants of privilege to monasteries, especially including the Abbey of Cluny.[3] Leo called for Odo of Cluny to mediate between Alberic and King Hugh of Italy. Odo was successful in negotiating a truce after arranging a marriage between Hugh's daughter Alda and Alberic. Leo VII also appointed Archbishop Frederick of Mainz as a reformer in Germany. Leo allowed Frederick to drive out Jews that refused to be baptized, but he did not endorse the forced baptism of Jews.[4]

Leo VII died on 13 July 939, and was interred at St. Peter's Basilica.[5] He was succeeded by Stephen VIII.

References

  1. ^ 9th edition (1880s) of the Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), The Lives of the Popes From The Time Of Our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII, I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., p. 239, retrieved 2013-04-25
  3. ^ Mann, Horace. "Pope Leo VII." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 4 November 2017
  4. ^ Popes Through The Ages by Joseph Brusher S. J.
  5. ^ "Pope Leo VII (Leone ) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John XI
Pope
936–939
Succeeded by
Stephen VIII