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Politics of Artsakh

Political System of Artsakh
Արցախի հանրապետության պետական համակարգ
Coat of arms of Artsakh.svg
State typeUnitary presidential republic
ConstitutionConstitution of Artsakh
Legislative branch
NameNational Assembly
Presiding officerAshot Ghulian
President of the National Assembly
Executive branch
Head of State and Government
CurrentlyBako Sahakyan
Current cabinetSahakyan government
Judicial branch
NameJudiciary of Artsakh
Coat of arms of Artsakh.svg
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Politics of Artsakh takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Artsakh is the head of state and the head of government, and of a multi-party system; as of 2009, American-based non-governmental organisation Freedom House ranks the Artsakh above both Armenia and Azerbaijan in terms of political and civil rights.[1][2][3] Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the National Assembly. The republic is de facto independent and de jure a part of Azerbaijan. None of the elections in Artsakh are recognised by international bodies such as the OSCE Minsk Group, the European Union and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, as well as numerous individual countries, such as Azerbaijan and Turkey, who also condemned and called them a source of increased tensions.[4][5][6]

Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Bako Sahakyan Independent 7 September 2007

The President is directly elected for a five-year term, by popular vote.

Current government

The incumbent government of Artsakh is a coalition government formed by the Free Motherland, Democratic Party, and the ARF and is led by Bako Sahakyan. It was formed on 25 September 2017 after presidential elections in 2017.

Legislative branch

The Artsakh Presidential Palace

The National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) has 33 members elected for a five-year term, 16 in single seat constituencies and the remaining 17 by proportional representation. Artsakh has a multi-party system, with numerous political parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Recent elections

2015 parliamentary election

e • d Summary of the 3 May 2015 National Assembly of Nagorno-Karabakh election results
Party Party-list Constituency Total
Votes % Seats Seats %
Free Motherland 32,632 47.35 11 4 15 Increase 1
Democratic Party 13,105 19.10 4 2 6 Decrease 1
ARF 12,965 18.81 4 3 7 Increase 1
Movement 88 4,778 6.93 2 2 Increase 2
National Revival 3,709 5.38 1 1 Increase 1
Communist Party of Artsakh 1,136 1.65 Steady
Peace and Development 591 0.86 Steady
Non-partisans/Independents 2 2 Decrease 4
Invalid votes 3,380
Total 72,296 100.00 22 11 100.00 33
Electorate and turnout: 102,042 70.88
Source: CEC, CEC, Caucasian Knot

2017 presidential election

See also


  1. ^ Map of Freedom in the World, Freedom House, 2009
  2. ^ Map of Freedom in the World, Freedom House, 2009
  3. ^ Map of Freedom in the World, Freedom House, 2009
  4. ^ "EU does not recognize 'elections' in Nagorno Karabakh". News.Az. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  5. ^ Mustafa Pazarlı. "US will not recognize Nagorno-Karabakh's elections". Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  6. ^ Mushvig Mehdiyev. "OIC condemns "elections" in Nagorno-Karabakh as illegal". Retrieved 7 June 2016.

External links