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Ping An Finance Centre

Ping An International Finance Centre
平安国际金融中心
Ping'an International Financial Center in June 2017 from 3rd Fuhua Rd.jpg
General information
StatusComplete
TypeOffice & retail
LocationNo. 5033 Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Coordinates22°32′11″N 114°03′02″E / 22.536399°N 114.050446°E / 22.536399; 114.050446
Construction started2010[1]
Completed2017[1]
Cost$1.5 billion (USD, estimated)[2]
OwnerPing An Life Insurance Company of China[1]
Height
Antenna spire599.1 m / 1,965 ft
Roof555.1 m (1,821 ft)[1]
Top floor555.1 m (1,821 ft)[1]
Observatory562.2 m (1,844 ft)[3]
Technical details
Floor count115, plus 5 underground floors[1]
Floor area385,918 m2 (4,153,990 sq ft)[1]
Lifts/elevators80[1][4]
Design and construction
ArchitectKohn Pedersen Fox Associates[5]
DeveloperPing An Life Insurance Company of China[1]
Structural engineerThornton Tomasetti[6]
Main contractorChina Construction First Building Group[1]
Ping An Finance Centre
Simplified Chinese平安国际金融中心
Traditional Chinese平安國際金融中心
Literal meaningPing An International Finance Center

Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) (Chinese: 平安国际金融中心) is a 115-storey, 599 m (1,965 ft) supertall skyscraper in Shenzhen, Guangdong.[1][7] The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017,[1] becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world.[8][2] It also broke the record of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562.2 m (1,844 ft).[3]

Progress

The building is located within the Central Business District of Shenzhen in Futian. Its 18,931 square metre lot was purchased by Ping An Group via auction at a price of 1.6568 billion RMB on 6 November 2007. Design of the building began in 2008 with Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates providing the architectural design and Thornton Tomasetti providing structural design.[2] Its foundation stone was laid on 29 August 2009, and construction started in November the same year. China Construction First Building Group was hired as the general contractor to construct the building.[2]

On 15 March 2013, the construction process was temporarily halted, due to the suspected use of concrete made with unprocessed sea sand, which could corrode the steel structure. Construction resumed on the building after sample testing.

On the morning of 15 July 2014, upon a 10-metre long steel column being lifted to place, the skyscraper exceeded 443.8 metres in height, surpassing the KK100 Tower to become the tallest building in Shenzhen.

The building topped out on 30 April 2015, and became the second tallest skyscraper in China at a height of 599 metres. The original plan was to add a 60-metre antenna atop the building to surpass the Shanghai Tower and become the tallest building in China. However, in February 2015, it was decided that the antenna would not top the tower due to the possibility that it might obstruct flight paths.[9][10][11]

Features

The building contains office, hotel and retail spaces, a conference centre and a high-end shopping mall. Floor 116 feature an observation deck named Free Sky.[12] As its name suggests, it is also the headquarters of Ping An Insurance. The design of the building is meant to be unique and elegant, and to represent the history and achievements of the main tenant. A stainless-steel facade that weighs approximately 1,700 metric tons provides a modern design to the building.[2]

The building has a total gross floor area of 378,600 square metres. The 115-storey tower has a width-to-height aspect ratio of 1:10 and also has an 11-storey podium. Including the podium, the building has 495,520 square metres of floor space. A five-level basement adds 90,000 square metres of area. The 620,000 metric ton tower has eight main columns which form the superstructure. The column dimensions range from approximately 6 by 3.2 m at the lowest level to 2.9 by 1.4 m at the top of the tower.[2]

Elevators

The Ping An International Finance Centre is equipped with 33 double deck elevators,[4] with its Destination Control going at speeds of up to 10 m/s.

Climbing attempts

The Ping An Financial Centre has been the subject of often rooftopping attempts. In January 2015, daredevil Malaysian photographer Keow Wee Loong climbed the incomplete building and released video footage and a photo taken from a crane at the tower's top.[13][14][15]

The structure was subsequently climbed during Chinese New Year on 19 February 2015 by two Russian and Ukrainian urban explorers, Vadim Makhorov and Vitaly Raskalov from Ontheroofs, who further climbed out to a crane above the under-construction tower and documented their ascent with video and photos.[16][17][18][19]

Phase 2

A second building of the project, a 290-metre, 47-storey skyscraper known as the south tower, is in its foundation stage. Construction started in April 2014 and is expected to be completed by 2018. The complex will include a planned retail bridge connecting the two skyscrapers from levels 3 through 6.[20]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Ping An Finance Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Poon, Dennis C.K.; Gottlebe, Torsten G. (December 2017). "Sky High in Shenzhen". Civil Engineering. Reston, Virginia: American Society of Civil Engineers. 87 (12): 48–53. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b ctbuh. "World's Highest Observation Decks". www.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Schindler to equip China's tallest building". Schindler. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Ping An Finance Center". Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  6. ^ "Ping An International Finance Center". Thornton Tomasetti. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  7. ^ "Pingan International Finance Centre". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  8. ^ "Work on China's 838-metre high 'Sky City' starts". Emirates 24/7. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  9. ^ "平安国际金融中心成深圳最高楼 年底将成世界第二". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  10. ^ "深圳平安金融中心". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  11. ^ "深圳第一高楼平安国际金融中心封顶 高度超过600米". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  12. ^ "Ping An Finance Center facts and information". The Tower Info. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Climbing Ping an financial centre 660meters youtube video". Keow wee Loong. 27 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Malaysian rooftopper hates to be called Spiderman – Nation – The Star Online". thestar.com.my.
  15. ^ "WATCH: Don't Look Down: Terrifying View from World's Second Tallest Building". yahoo.com. 3 March 2015.
  16. ^ on the roofs (8 May 2015). "Shenzhen Centre (660 meters)" – via YouTube.
  17. ^ "Climbing the Shenzhen Finance Centre ontheroofs story with photos and video". Ontheroofs. 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ "Shenzhen birdmen: Two daredevils, one mega-tall tower and a selfie stick (VIDEO)". RT (TV network). Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ Chan, Casey. "Watching these guys climb a 2165-foot tall tower made my nerves go crazy". Sploid. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Ping An Finance Center: Pioneering China's Tallest – Efficiencies of Forms and Structures". CTBUH. Retrieved 12 May 2013.

External links