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Pidasa

Pidasa (Ancient Greek: Πίδασα) or Pedasa (Πήδασα) was a town of ancient Caria. During the Ionian Revolt, the Persians suffered a defeat at Pidasa.[1] It was once the chief seat of the Leleges. It was a polis (city-state) and a member of the Delian League.[2] In the time of Strabo the town had ceased to exist,[3] and the name of the district, Pedasis (Πηδασίς), was the only remaining memorial of the place.[4][5] As Herodotus assigns to Pedasa a portion of the territory of Miletus,[1] it is clear that the town must have been situated between Miletus, Halicarnassus, and Stratoniceia.

Its site is located near Cert Osman Kale, Asiatic Turkey, which is consistent with Herodotus' account.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b Herodotus. Histories. 5.121, 6.20.
  2. ^ Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Karia". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1131–1132. ISBN 0-19-814099-1.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p.611. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Polybius. The Histories. 18.27.
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  6. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  7. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Pedasa". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.