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Pessac

Pessac
Commune
Chateau of Haut Brion
Chateau of Haut Brion
Flag of Pessac
Flag
Coat of arms of Pessac
Coat of arms
Pessac is located in France
Pessac
Pessac
Coordinates: 44°48′24″N 0°37′52″W / 44.8067°N 0.6311°W / 44.8067; -0.6311
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Bordeaux
Canton Pessac-1 and 2
Intercommunality Bordeaux
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Franck Raynal
Area1 38.82 km2 (14.99 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 57,632
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 33318 /33600
Elevation 12–56 m (39–184 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pessac (Occitan: Peçac) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a member of the metropolis of Bordeaux, being the second-largest suburb of Bordeaux and located just southwest of it. Pessac is also home to the Montesquieu University, the Bordeaux Montaigne University, and the Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux.

Geography

Pessac is located in the south of the Bordeaux metro area and is surrounded by Bordeaux, Talence, Gradignan, Canéjan, Cestas, Saint-Jean-d'Illac et Mérignac.

The western part of the commune is part of the Landes de Bordeaux.



Mérignac,
St-Jean-d'Illac


Mérignac


Mérignac, Bordeaux

St-Jean-d'Illac

Pessac

Talence

St-Jean-d'Illac, Cestas

Canéjan

Gradignan

History

Early in World War II (June 22 1940), the town was the scene of a quadruple execution on the firing range of Verthamon. Four communist militants, one of whom, Roger Rambaud, was not yet 17, were among the escapees from the military prison in Paris, were killed in the utmost secrecy by soldiers of the Third Republic. This case, classified "Secret Defense" for 70 years, has recently been revealed by the historian Jacky Tronel in the history magazine Arkheia.[1]

Neighborhoods

Neighborhoods of Pessac:[2]

  • Verthamon
  • Les échoppes
  • Brivazac - Candau
  • Noës
  • Pessac-bourg
  • Casino
  • Sardine
  • Chiquet
  • Compostelle - La Paillère
  • Le Monteil
  • CCLAPS - La Chataigneraie
  • Saige - Formanoir
  • 3 M (Macédo, Mirante, Monbalon)
  • France - L'Alouette
  • Cap de Bos
  • Magonty - Romainville
  • Toctoucau

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,430 —    
1800 1,336 −6.6%
1806 1,414 +5.8%
1821 1,349 −4.6%
1831 1,502 +11.3%
1836 1,341 −10.7%
1841 1,708 +27.4%
1846 1,785 +4.5%
1851 2,094 +17.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1856 2,334 +11.5%
1861 2,537 +8.7%
1866 2,676 +5.5%
1872 4,743 +77.2%
1876 3,103 −34.6%
1881 3,227 +4.0%
1886 3,759 +16.5%
1891 3,944 +4.9%
1896 4,411 +11.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1901 4,239 −3.9%
1906 4,612 +8.8%
1911 5,234 +13.5%
1921 6,691 +27.8%
1926 8,268 +23.6%
1931 10,706 +29.5%
1936 13,004 +21.5%
1946 17,769 +36.6%
1954 19,226 +8.2%
Year Pop. ±%
1962 24,281 +26.3%
1968 36,986 +52.3%
1975 51,360 +38.9%
1982 50,267 −2.1%
1990 51,055 +1.6%
1999 56,143 +10.0%
2008 57,632 +2.7%

Education

9 Kindergartens

15 Grade schools

5 Middle schools

3 High schools

  • Lycée Pape-Clément (fr):[7] financed by the French government and the Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux (CUB), this school, presented as the high school of the year 2000, was inaugurated on 9 July 1987 by Jacques Chirac, then Prime Minister. Its initial capacity was 1,100 students including 900 "demi-pensionnaires". It was expanded in 1990 and now holds 1,260 students.
  • Lycée Sans Frontière
  • Lycée professionnel Philadelphe de Gerde[8]

Transportation

Pessac has a railway station on the westbound line from Bordeaux, Gare de Pessac. Pessac is also served by the urban transport network of the Bordeaux agglomeration, Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM).

Pessac is located on line B of the Tramway de Bordeaux.

Personalities

International relations

Pessac is twinned with:

See also

References

External links