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Peruvians in Uruguay

Peruvian Uruguayans are mostly Peruvian-born persons living in Uruguay. There are as well some Uruguayan-born persons of Peruvian descent.


Peruvian immigrants started arriving in Uruguay around 1990, mainly by land.[1] Both countries share the Spanish language; their historical origins are common (part of the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, Spanish Empire). The 2011 Uruguayan census revealed 1,433 people who declared Peru as their country of birth;[2][3] other sources state that there are some 2,000[4] to 3,000 Peruvians living and working in Uruguay, mostly in fisheries or as domestic servants.[1]

As of 2013, Peruvians represent one of the most dynamic immigration flows in Uruguay.[5][4] Yet most of them still live in poverty;[6] only 125 are registered in the Uruguayan social security.[7] Rather than fully assimilating into Uruguayan mainstream society, they tend to represent an example of multiculturalism.[1] Official sources show that over 1,600 Peruvians obtained their Uruguayan identification documents in 2016.[8]

In Montevideo operates the Uruguayan-Peruvian Cultural Association César Vallejo.[9]

Notable people

  • Julián Legaspi, television and film actor, born in Montevideo to a Peruvian mother

See also


  1. ^ a b c Felipe Arocena. "The contribution of immigrants to Uruguay" (PDF). Retrieved 6 March 2014. (in Spanish)
  2. ^ "Immigration to Uruguay" (PDF). INE. Retrieved 6 March 2013. (in Spanish)
  3. ^ "Uruguay has 77,000 immigrants". Montevideo.comm. 17 June 2013. (in Spanish)
  4. ^ a b "Peruvians, the fastest-growing immigrant group in Uruguay". El Espectador. 18 June 2013. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ "Just arrived". EL PAIS. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2015. (in Spanish)
  6. ^ "Peruvians in Uruguay: 70% in poverty". El Comercio. 6 February 2011. (in Spanish)
  7. ^ "Foreign workers in Uruguay". EL PAIS. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013. (in Spanish)
  8. ^ "Complex immigration numbers". Búsqueda. 5 January 2017. (in Spanish)
  9. ^ "Carlos Valderrama, Director de la Asociación Cultural Uruguayo-Peruana César Vallejo" (PDF). (in Spanish)