|Peru at the|
|NOC||Peruvian Olympic Committee|
Peru has officially participated in 17 Summer Olympic Games and 2 Winter Olympic Games. They did not send any athletes to the 1952 Summer Olympics. The Peruvian Olympic Committee is the National Olympic Committee for Peru which was founded in 1924 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1936.
Peru's first official appearance at the Olympic Games was at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. However, prior to the creation of the Peruvian Olympic Committee in 1924, the Peruvian Carlos de Candamo competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics in two fencing events of foil and épée. Peru's first participation in the Winter Olympic Games occurred during the 2010 Winter Olympics.
Peru has won a total of four medals, three in shooting events and one in volleyball. Their first and only gold medal to date was won by Edwin Vásquez in the 1948 Summer Olympics in the Men's 50 metre pistol. The remaining three medals were silver. The first silver medal was won by Francisco Boza in Trap at the 1984 Summer Olympics. The Peru women's national volleyball team won Peru's second silver medal in the 1988 Summer Olympics, and Juan Giha won their third silver and latest medal in skeet at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
|1952 Helsinki||did not participate|
|1968 Mexico City||28||0||0||0||0||–|
|1984 Los Angeles||35||0||1||0||1||33|
|2016 Rio de Janeiro||29||0||0||0||0||–|
|2020 Tokyo||Future event|
|2028 Los Angeles|
|Games||Athletes by sport||Medals||Total|
|2018 Pyeongchang||Did not participate|
|2022 Beijing||Future event|
|2026 Milan/Cortina||Future event|
|Totals (2 sports)||1||3||0||4|
|Gold||Edwin Vásquez||1948 London||Shooting||Men's 50 meter pistol|
|Silver||Francisco Boza||1984 Los Angeles||Shooting||Trap|
|Silver||1988 Seoul||Volleyball||Women's competition|
|Silver||Juan Giha||1992 Barcelona||Shooting||Skeet|
Peru was invited to join the Olympics for its first time in 1936, when they were to be held at Berlin. Among the line of players featured in this first participation of the Blanquirroja were Alejandro Villanueva, Teodoro Fernández, Juan Valdivieso, and Adelfo Magallanes. The Peruvian players, after arriving to Germany by transport of an Italian ship, were awestruck by the modern stadiums and the German idolatry of Adolf Hitler. The first match against Finland was played on August 6, 1936, and was won with great ease by the Peruvians with a 7-3 result. Peru's next match was against Austria in the quarterfinals. The match was highly contested, and the game went into overtime when the Peruvians tied the Austrians after being two goals behind. Peru scored 5 goals during overtime, of which 3 were nulled by the referee, and won by the final score of 4-2.
The Austrians demanded a rematch on the grounds that Peruvian fans had stormed the field, and because the field did not meet the requirements for a football game. Austria further claimed that the Peruvian players had manhandled the Austrian players and that spectators, one holding a revolver, had "swarmed down on the field." Peru was notified of this situation, and they attempted to go to the assigned meeting but were delayed by a German parade. At the end, the Peruvian defense was never heard, and the Olympic Committee and FIFA sided with the Austrians. The rematch was scheduled to be taken under close grounds on August 10, and later rescheduled to be taken on August 11.
As a sign of protest against these actions, which the Peruvians deemed as insulting and discriminatory, the complete Olympic delegations of Peru and Colombia left Germany. Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico expressed their solidarity with Peru. Michael Dasso, a member of the Peruvian Olympic Committee, stated: "We've no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants." The game was awarded to Austria by default. In Peru, angry crowds protested against the decisions of the Olympic Committee by tearing down an Olympic flag, throwing stones at the German consulate, refusing to load German vessels in the docks of Callao, and listening to inflammatory speeches which included President Oscar Benavides Larrea's mention of "the crafty Berlin decision." To this day, it is not known with certainty what exactly happened at Germany, but it is popularly believed that Adolf Hitler and the Nazi authorities might have had some involvement in this situation.
After 24 years, Peru once again qualified for the football tournament at the 1960 Summer Olympics held in Rome with their U-23 football team. The team started out with a surprise as Angel Uribe scored a 1st-minute goal against France. Peru would go on to lose 2-1 against the French, and were later beaten by Hungary in a result of 6-2, with only Alberto Ramírez scoring goals for the Blanquirroja. The last match was played against India, and Peru lose it with a 3-7 score with goals of Nicolas Nieri and Thomas Iwasaki.
Peru has not qualified again to the tournament since 1960, but were close to qualifying again in the 1964 and 1980 CONMEBOL Men Pre-Olympic Tournament.