Patrol boat

This article is about the naval vessel. For the Australian TV series, see Patrol Boat (TV series).
Iliria, an example of a modern Patrol boat of the Albanian Naval Force
PCE-872, a World War II patrol craft escort of the US Navy

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defense duties. There have been many designs for patrol boats. They may be operated by a nation's navy, coast guard, or police force, and may be intended for marine (blue water) and/or estuarine or river ("brown water") environments. They are commonly found engaged in various border protection roles, including anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, fisheries patrols, and immigration law enforcement. They are also often called upon to participate in rescue operations. Vessels of this type include the original yacht (from Dutch/Low German jacht meaning hunting or hunt), a light, fast-sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into shallow waters.

Classification

They may be broadly classified as inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) and offshore patrol vessels (OPVs). They are warships typically smaller in size than a corvette and can include fast attack craft, torpedo boats and missile boats, although some are as large as a frigate. The offshore patrol vessels are usually the smallest ship in a navy's fleet that are large and seaworthy enough to patrol off-shore in the open ocean. In larger militaries, such as in the United States military, offshore patrol vessels usually serve in the coast guard, but many smaller nations navies operate these type of ships.

History

During both World Wars in order to rapidly build up numbers, all sides created auxiliary patrol boats by arming motorboats and seagoing fishing trawlers with machine guns and obsolescent naval weapons. Some modern patrol vessels are still based on fishing and leisure boats. Seagoing patrol boats are typically around 30 m (100 ft) in length and usually carry a single medium caliber artillery gun as main armament, and a variety of lighter secondary armament such as machine guns or a close-in weapon system. Depending on role, vessels in this class may also have more sophisticated sensors and fire control systems that would enable them to carry torpedoes, anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles.

Most modern designs are powered by gas turbine arrangements such as CODAG, and speeds are generally in the 25–30 knots (46–56 km/h; 29–35 mph) range. They are primarily used for patrol in a country's Exclusive Economic Zone. Common tasks are fisheries inspection, anti-smuggling (usually anti-narcotics) duties, illegal immigration patrols, anti-piracy patrols and search and rescue (law enforcement-type of work). The largest OPVs might also have a flight deck and helicopter embarked. In times of crisis or war, these vessels are expected to support the larger vessels in the navy.

Ukrainian Sea Guard artillery boat Zhuk class U170 Skadovs'k. Bay of Sevastopol, Crimea.

Their small size and relatively low cost make them one of the most common type of warship in the world. Almost all navies operate at least a few offshore patrol vessels, especially those with only "green water" capabilities. They are useful in smaller seas such as the North Sea as well as in open oceans. Similar vessels for exclusively military duties include torpedo boats and missile boats. The United States Navy operated the Pegasus class of armed hydrofoils for years, in a patrol boat role. The River Patrol Boat (PBR, sometimes called "Riverine" and "Pibber") is a U.S. design of small patrol boat type designed to patrol waters of large rivers.

Specific nations

Albania

Argentina

Argentine Naval Prefecture's GC67 patrol vessel

Australia

HMAS Armidale of the Royal Australian Navy

Bahamas

Bangladesh

Brazil

Canada

PTC Orca, an Orca-class patrol boat of the Royal Canadian Navy

China

Chile

  • PZM class. 2 units, built under license from FASSMER. 1,700 tons, 1 Bofors 40/70 6 cal 0.50, 1 Helicopter, Comandante Toro and Piloto Pardo.

Colombia

ARC Juan Ricardo Oyola Vera PAV-IV class patrol boat of the Colombian Navy

Denmark

Eritrea

  • Eritrea-class 60m patrol vessel, (Eritrean Navy)
  • Protector-class patrol boat

France

Maritime Gendarmerie Géranium class patrol boat
Maritime Gendarmerie Vedette class patrol boat
  • P400 class, (French Navy)
  • Floréal class, (French Navy)
  • Flamant class, (French Navy)
  • Espadon 50 class, (French Navy)
  • Trident-class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Géranium-class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Jonquille-class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Vedette-class patrol boat, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pétulante-class patrol craft, (Maritime Gendarmerie)
  • Pavois-class patrol craft, (Maritime Gendarmerie)

Finland

Germany

Greece

Hellenic Navy HSY-56A Gunboat HS Aittitos, P-268

Hellenic Navy

Hellenic Coast Guard

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Police Force

Iceland

India

Photograph of the Indian Coast Guard's offshore patrol vessel ICGS Vishwast (OPV-30) at the Shinko Pier No. 2, Port of Kobe, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.

Indonesia

  • FPB 28, Indonesian Police and Indonesian Customs, 28 meter long patrol boat made by local shipyard PT.PAL
  • FPB 38, Indonesian Customs, 38 meter long aluminium patrol boat made by local shipyard PT.PAL
  • FPB 57, Indonesian Navy, 57 meter long patrol boat designed by Luerssen and made by PT.PAL, ASM and heli deck equipped for some version.
  • PC-40, Indonesian Navy, 40 meter long FRP/Aluminum patrol boat, locally made by in house Navy's workshop.
  • PC-60 trimaran, Indonesian Navy, 63-meter-long composite material, is armed with 120 km range of anti-ship missile, made by PT Lundin industry

Ireland

Irish Naval Service Large Patrol Vessel (LPV) LÉ Niamh

Israel

Italy

Italian Navy patrol boat Cigala Fulgosi
Italian Coast Guard patrol boat U. Diciotti, CP-902

Japan

Shikishima (Japan Coast Guard), the largest patrol boat in the world
Japan Coast Guard "Hida" (PL51)
  • Shikishima (Japan Coast Guard), the largest patrol boat.
  • Mizuho class (Japan Coast Guard),Large patrol Vessel with helicopter deck and hangar.
  • Tsugaru class (Japan Coast Guard),Large patrol Vessel with helicopter deck and hangar.
  • Hida class (Japan Coast Guard), high-speed Large patrol Vessel with helicopter deck.
  • Aso class (Japan Coast Guard), high-speed Large patrol Vessel.
  • Amami class (Japan Coast Guard), medium-sized patrol Vessel
  • "Sōya",(Japan Coast Guard), icebreaker

Latvia

Malaysia

  • Kedah class offshore patrol vessel, (Royal Malaysian Navy)
  • Gagah Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Ramunia Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Nusa Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Sipadan Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Rhu Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengawal Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Peninjau Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pelindung Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Semilang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penggalang Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Penyelamat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Pengaman Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Kilat Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Malawali Class Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
  • Langkawi Class Patrol Ship,Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Malta

Protector class patrol boat P52 of the Maritime Squadron of the Armed Forces of Malta.

Mexico

ARM Oaxaca, an Oaxaca class OPV of the Mexican Navy
Durango class ships, offshore patrol vessels of Mexican Navy

Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

Royal Norwegian Navy

NoCGV Tor (W334 KYSTVAKT) from Nornen Class of the Norwegian Coast Guard

Norwegian Coast Guard

Philippines

Philippine Navy

Peru

Portugal

NRP Viana do Castelo, offshore patrol vessel of the Portuguese Navy

Portuguese Navy

National Republican Guard (GNR)

  • Ribamar class

Romanian

Russia

Russian Coast Guard Rubin class patrol boat Zhemchug on the Almaz Shipbuilding Company
  • Stenka class patrol boat(Type 02059), Russian Navy
  • Bogomol Class patrol boat(Type 02065), Russian Navy
  • Mirage class patrol boat (Type 14310), Russian Navy
  • Svetlyak class patrol boat(Type 10410), Russian Coast Guard
  • Ogonek class patrol boat(Type 12130), Russian Coast Guard
  • Mangust Class patrol boat(Type 12150), Russian Navy and Russian Coast Guard
  • Sobol class patrol boat(Type 12200), Russian Coast Guard
  • Terrier class patrol boat (Type 14170), Russian Navy and Russian Coast Guard
  • Rubin class patrol boat(Type 22460), Russian Coast Guard

amcık

Singapore

Police Coast Guard third generation PT Class Flower Ray(PT65),conducting a sea-rescue demonstration
  • Fearless class, Republic of Singapore Navy
  • PK class Interceptor Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 1st Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 2nd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • 3rd Generation PT class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard
  • PC class patrol Craft, Police Coast Guard

Slovenia

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Navy Colombo Class UFAC II

South Africa

South Korea

Spain

Meteoro (P-41)

Suriname

  • Ocea Type FPB 98 class fast patrol boat
  • Ocea Type FPB 72 class fast patrol boat

Sweden

Thailand

Turkey

United Kingdom

Two River class offshore patrol vessels of the Royal Navy

United States

United States Navy

United States Coast Guard

Vietnam

  • Type TT-120 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-200 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • Type TT-400 patrol boat, Vietnam Coast Guard
  • DN 2000(Damen 9014 class) offshore patrol vessels, Vietnam Coast Guard

References

  1. ^ "Brazil getting armored vehicles, boats." Space Media Network, 10 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey 55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  3. ^ "Gunboats Class Osprey HSY-55". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  4. ^ "Gunboats Class Asheville". Hellenic Navy. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15. 
  5. ^ E.A. Pagotsis (2009). G. Christogiannakis, ed. Hellenic Defence Report 2009-2010 (Yearbook of the magazine Hellenic Defence & Security). Athens: Line Defence Publications Ltd. p. 81. 
  6. ^ Irish Defence Forces website - Naval Service Fleet