Sir Patrick Vallance
Patrick Vallance at the Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2017
Patrick John Thompson Vallance
1960 (age 58–59)
|Alma mater||St George's, University of London (MB, BS)|
|Awards||Goulstonian Lecture (1996)|
Sir Patrick John Thompson Vallance FRS FMedSci FRCP (born 1960) is a British medical doctor. Since March 2018 he has been the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government of the United Kingdom. From 2012 to 2018 he served as president of research and development (R&D) at the multinational pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).
Vallance was educated at the independent Truro School in Cornwall and St George's, University of London, where he gained a Bachelor of Science degree in 1981 followed by a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MB, BS) in 1984.
From 1986-95 he taught at St George's Hospital Medical School. From 1995−2002 he was Professor at UCL Medical School, and Professor of Medicine from 2002–2006, and Head of Medicine. Prior to joining GSK he was registrar of the Academy of Medical Sciences.
From 2006-10 he was Head of Drug Discovery at GSK, then from 2010−12 he was Head of Medicines Discovery and Development. In 2012 he was appointed head of R&D at GSK. Under his leadership of GSK, new medicines for cancer, asthma, autoimmune diseases and HIV infection were discovered and approved for use worldwide. He championed open innovation and novel industry-academic partnerships globally, and maintained a strong focus on discovery of antibiotics and medicines for tropical diseases.
Vallance's personal research was in the field of vascular biology. He made important discoveries in the field of nitric oxide and endothelial cell physiology and showed that the human arterial vasculature is actively dilated by continuous release of nitric oxide. He demonstrated the functional significance of this effect in different physiological and disease states and identified new pathways for regulating nitric oxide biosynthesis.
Vallance was born in south-west Essex, now part of Greater London. He has an older brother (born 1957) and a younger brother (born 1962). He is the son of Peter Vallance. Vallance married Sophia Ann Dexter in December 1986 in the City of Westminster. They have two sons (born January 1992 and March 1994) and one daughter (born June 1997).
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|| Head of R&D at GSK
January 2012 – March 2018
Hal V. Barron
Sir Mark Walport
| Government Chief Scientific Adviser