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Patni Jamat

Patni Jamat
Regions with significant populations
• India • Pakistan • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • South Africa • Veraval • Jamnagar • Mumbai • Jalgaon • Indore • Ahmedabad
Languages
GujaratiHindi • Kathiawari • KutchiEnglish
Religion
Islam 100%
Related ethnic groups
Gujarati MuslimsMemonKhojaBohra

The Patni are a Muslim community found in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra in India and Sindh in Pakistan.The Patni are a trading community who are said to have originated and settled in the town of Patan in Gujarat. The community spread from Patan to the cities of Veraval, Govindpura, Naodra, Kajli, Chorvad, Keshod, Junagadh and Jamnagar. They speak Kathiawari Hindi.

They largely dominates the 'fishing' businesses of the Veraval port in Gujarat. Also, they have huge Transportation set-ups in Maharashtra. They are one of the wealthiest caste in terms of 'per capita income' in Pakistan. They are given the reservations and are regarded as Other Backward Class by the Central Government in 2015.[1]

History

The Patnis are essentially a community of traders and Fish merchants, a profession they have practiced for generations. They are Sunni Muslims and their customs are similar to the other Gujarati Muslims communities. Presently they are situated in different parts of India, mainly in Veraval, Mumbai, Ahemdabad and to some extent in Hyderabad. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947 some members of the Patni Jamat migrated and settled mainly in Karachi. Many for business and education purpose people have migrated to abroad in places of Middle East, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Europe and North America.[citation needed]

In older days community was dealing in sea transportation by wooden country-craft and the owner of country craft were known as Vahanvatu and they were rich and went to Gulf as well as Africa. There were no mechanised vessels at the time and the journey and communication was tough with homeland. Thereafter time has changed and other communities have entered into this business with mechanised vessels and the traditional trades of wooden country craft ended.[citation needed]

Current Circumstances

After 1990, many members of these community migrated outside Veraval, to Mumbai, Indore & Jalgaon. They started running small Transport businesses. Soon, their transport businesses started running successfully. Much of their workforce were brought from their hometown Veraval. Soon, Patnis settled in almost all big cities of Maharashtra. There are some Patni's who have remarkable setup & big name in the transport world.

Today mainly Patni's are doing fisheries business. In very large numbers they have fish shops,freezing plants for exporting fish to entire world and also fishing boats, Veraval is very much known as "fisheries hub" in India and fortunately this trade is by and large under Patni community's control. Several Patni went to Kutchh region for Fishing .In early 2000s, some of the Patnis also went to Gulf Nations & UK for employment.

"Samast Patni Jamat", a non-profit organization was formed by prominent community members in 1920. Since then, it also conducts Presidential election in every 5 years for the post of 'Patel'. 'Patel' is considered as executive functionary of the organization. The organization looks after the welfare of the Patni Jamat. It owns several Townhalls in the Patni-dominated areas in the various cities across India. It also runs several Educational institution in the city of Veraval like Sabana Girls High school, I.D Chauhan High school and M.Y English Medium schoolschool. It also run a Hospital in Veraval.

Clans in Patni Jamat

All these clans are of equal status and they marry each other, They are an indigenous community although they do marriages in the larger Sunni Muslim community.

The Patni Jamat is now made up of a number of clans, the main ones being the Sassa, Mughal, Chauhan, Panja, Karvat, Kapadiya, Bhoda, Nakhwa, Khokhar, Sumra, Mevati, Chachya, Bagji, Agwan, Belim, khathaai, Diwan, Bandhani, Khan, Bekar Pirosh, Batli, Bharari, Chaga,Virbhar, Bagas, Chawda, Kothari, Khanjamal, Mirza, Kuresi, Karwat, Sherpakka, Chinai, Jangsai, Pyarji, Alvi, Sayanji, Kakasiya, Parmar, Jamadar, Babi, Kutub, Khamma, Malek, Gadai, Adhi etc.

References

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1130-1134