|Alternative names||Pasta fagioli|
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Region or state||Campania, Emilia|
|Main ingredients||Small pasta (elbow macaroni, ditalini), cannellini beans or borlotti beans, olive oil, garlic, onions, spices, stewed tomato or tomato paste|
Pasta e fagioli (pronounced [ˈpasta e ffaˈdʒɔːli]), meaning "pasta and beans", is a traditional Italian soup. Like many other Italian favorites, including pizza and polenta, it started as a peasant dish, being composed of inexpensive ingredients. It is often called pasta fasul (fazool) in the United States, derived from its Neapolitan name, pasta e fasule.
Recipes for pasta e fagioli vary, the only true requirement being that beans and pasta are included. While dish varies from region to region it is most commonly made using cannellini beans, Great Northern beans or borlotti beans and a small variety of pasta such as elbow macaroni or ditalini. The base typically includes olive oil, garlic, minced onion, celery, carrots and often stewed tomatoes or tomato paste. Some variations omit tomatoes and instead use a broth base. Preparation may be vegetarian, or contain meat (often bacon or pancetta) or a meat-based stock.
The recipe varies greatly based on the region or town in which it is prepared, depending on available ingredients. The consistency of the dish can vary, with some being soupy, while others are much thicker. For instance, in Bari the dish is thicker in consistency and uses mixed pasta shapes. It also uses pancetta in the base of the sauce. Other varieties call for the beans to be passed through a food mill, giving it a stew-like consistency.
The word for "beans" varies in different Italian languages, e.g. fagioli [faˈdʒɔːli] in standard Italian, fasule [faˈsuːlə] in Neapolitan, and fasola [faˈsɔːla] in Sicilian. "Pastafazoola", a 1927 novelty song by Van and Schenck, capitalizes on the Neapolitan pronunciation in the rhyme, "Don't be a fool, eat pasta fazool"; and the song "That's Amore", by Warren and Brooks (popularized by Dean Martin), includes the rhyme "When the stars make you drool, just like pasta fazool, that's amore". A potential contestant of U.S. Masterchef Season 1 served pasta e fagioli to judges Gordon Ramsay, Joe Bastianich, and Graham Elliot. He did not pass, with Ramsay calling the dish "dreadful".