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Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
|Motto||Omnibus Sapientia, Unicuique Excellentia|
|Established||1971 - following the division of the University of Paris|
|Budget||€117 million (2009)|
|Colours||Blue, White, Gold|
|Affiliations||Chancellerie des Universités de Paris|
It was established in 1971 by Professors François Luchaire (Law), Henri Bartoli (Economy) and Hélène Ahrweiler (Humanities) from two faculties of the historical University of Paris — colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne — after the French May of 1968, which resulted in the division of one of the world's oldest academic institution. The double origin of the founders – Luchaire and Bartoli from the Faculty of Law and Economics and Ahrweiler from the Faculty of Letters – is now found in the name of the university: Panthéon for law and Economics, Sorbonne for humanities.
Pantheon-Sorbonne is multidisciplinary, and has three main domains: Economic and Management Sciences, Human Sciences, and Legal and Political Sciences; comprising several subjects such as: Economics, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Humanities, Cinema, Plastic arts, Art history, Political science, Mathematics, Management, and Social sciences.
Pantheon-Sorbonne's headquarters is located on the Place du Panthéon in the Latin Quarter, an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris. The university also occupies part of the historical Sorbonne campus. Overall, its campus includes over 25 buildings in Paris, such as the Centre Pierre Mendès France ("Tolbiac"), the Maison des Sciences Économiques, among others.
In 2018, Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked 209th (9th of France) by QS World University Rankings, 501-600th (25th of France) by The Times Higher Education and 1010th (54th of France) by US News. By world reputation, it was ranked 71-80th (2nd of France) in 2017 by THE. It was also ranked by the 2018 QS Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Anthropology. In the French Eduniversal rankings, it is ranked 1st of France in Economics, 4th in Law and 14th in Business.
The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on May 2, 1968. Students of the University of Paris protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on May 3, 1968. After the student protests of May and June 1968, thirteen universities succeeded to the University of Paris (nicknamed "the Sorbonne"), which ceased to exist.
While Paris-Sorbonne University and Sorbonne Nouvelle succeeded the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris, Panthéon-Assas University the faculty of law and economics, and Pierre and Marie Curie University and Paris Descartes University the faculty of sciences, Panthéon-Sorbonne University was founded on a wish for interdisciplinarity by bringing together disciplines. Indeed, most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris wished only to restructure their faculty into a university. However, most of the faculty's economists and political scientists and some public law professors sought to create a university which would extend beyond the disciplinary compartmentalisation; they hurried ahead of their colleagues and established Paris I—which would later be called "Panthéon-Sorbonne"—with professors of both the faculty of human sciences and the faculty of law and economics. The name of the university show this interdisciplinarity: the Sorbonne building is the traditional seat of the Humanities studies in Paris (hence it is also used by Paris III and University Paris-Sorbonne), and the Panthéon building is, with the Assas building, the traditional seat of the law studies (hence it is also used by Panthéon-Assas University).
The main buildings are the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Centre René Cassin, the Centre Saint-Charles, the Centre Arago which houses the new International Relations Building; the research centers have been relocated, in particular in the Rue Malher and the Boulevard de l’Hôpital, where the Economics Building is currently located.
The Tolbiac centre, which hosts the undergraduate lectures in Law of Paris I University, is regularly blocked by students in order to protest right-wing reforms of the government. Lectures are then cancelled, up to several months. In 2018, Tolbiac centre was once again blocked for one month. Among some students' many demands were:
1, the revocation of the law granting universities the possibility to select students on merit and not on random base if there is not enough places available for all applicants;
2, the resignation of the president of France Emmanuel Macron;
3, the Republic's recognition of Kurdistan's statehood;
4, an automatic pass mark for all students of Pantheon-Sorbonne.
Violence militants were spotted and Molotov cocktails found. An MP came to Tolbiac to discuss with the occupants but he was physically attacked by the occupants. The occupants gave a press conference from inside the building, with a dog on the press table and with a setting which was mocked over the internet. A parodic Twitter account of the dog speaker was set out and received nearly 30 000 followers, it was called a "satire of (leftist) militantism".
Some professors of history and other social sciences of Pantheon-Sorbonne approved of the occupation. However, the president of the university Georges Haddad denounced a capharnaum of violence, drug, sex and rave parties in the occupied Tolbiac center and asked the police to remove the vandals. The police first refused to do it and Emmanuel Macron explained that decision in a TV interview by referring to the topography of the Tolbiac centre. The police finally broke in the early morning, while the occupants were sleeping. The police founded new Molotov cocktails that the occupants intended to use on them. The students had heavily vandalized the recently refurbished center, the cost of the damages might be near 1 million euros. Haddad decided to file a criminal complaint.
The Pantheon-Sorbonne University is organized in several departments (unités de formation et de recherche) and institutes.
The Sorbonne Art School (École des arts de la Sorbonne) specializes in plastic arts. The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The specialities are cinema, plastic arts, design, management of cultural projects or institutions, and aesthetics.
Panthéon-Sorbonne united in 2009 all legal studies in the university and gave that new department the name of École de droit de la Sorbonne ("Sorbonne Law School"). The school offers degrees from the Bachelor to the Doctorate level. The Sorbonne Law School holds since 1993 with Cornell University, the "Cornell Law School-Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne Summer Institute of Comparative and International Law".
It has published over 700 books since 1971 and publishes approximately 50 new titles a year.
Research programs exist in economics, management and applied mathematics; in law and politics; in philosophy and the arts; in history, art history and archaeology; in geography, demography and sociology, to name but some. The eleven hundred members of faculty, 200 researchers who are attached to major research institutions, mainly the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and 150 technical and administrative staff are grouped in 68 research groups recognised by the CNRS and the Ministry of Education and Research.
Every year around 400 PhD theses are defended and 1,700 pre-PhD post-graduate degrees are awarded in 74 subjects divided between 15 graduate schools.
In Economics, the library at the Centre Pierre Mendès France offers students free access to its large collection.
In Law, the Cujas Library, co-administered with Panthéon-Assas, with its computerized documentation service, provides access to over 500 data banks and is the largest law and economics library in France.
In Humanities, The Sorbonne library, a common library of Panthéon-Sorbonne University, Sorbonne-Nouvelle University, Sorbonne University, Paris Descartes University, and Paris Diderot University. It is administered by Panthéon-Sorbonne University as per a governing agreement signed among these universities in 2000. It has a collection of almost three million books, 100,000 of which are more than 200 years old, and 17,500 periodicals covering all the humanities. The library and map collection of the Geography Institute are the oldest such collection in France. In addition, the 400,000 volumes in the specialist libraries offer users one of the largest collections in France and Europe.
Panthéon-Sorbonne has signed over 150 conventions with foreign universities across five continents. These exchanges revolve around international networks such as Europaeum which bring together Oxford, London, Bologna, Bonn, Geneva, Helsinki, Leiden and Prague. The University of Paris I also heads a number of consortia which bring together French universities and professional organisations. The consortia are responsible for major international projects in Bucharest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Istanbul (Galatasaray), and Moscow.
Every year some 130 academics from foreign universities come to teach and do research at the University of Paris I. Many researchers and members of faculty take part in major international research programs abroad; the University also hosts many annual international conferences. Six thousand international students, mainly from Europe, come to study as part of the SOCRATES or TEMPUS programmes. African students are joined by increasing numbers from Asia and America, and take part in specific programs organised in conjunction with universities across the world.
At Panthéon-Sorbonne, students can apply for admission to one of the dual degree or double degree programs designed in conjunction with partner universities in France and abroad. Double degree programs confer two degrees to students, whereas dual degrees confer a degree from the host university only.
In 2018, Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked 209th (9th of France) by QS World University Rankings, 501-600th (25th of France) by The Times Higher Education and 1010th (54th of France) by US News. By world reputation, it was ranked 71-80th (2nd of France) in 2017 by THE. It was also ranked by the 2018 QS Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Anthropology. and globallly:
By area, it was ranked:
Economics and business
In Economics, its undergraduate program is ranked first of the French universities by Eduniversal. Its masters programs are ranked 4th of the French Universities or academic institution by Eduniversal.
Panthéon-Sorbonne undergraduate law program is ranked four by Eduniversal. It was ranked in interdinisciplinary fields also, as follow:
Panthéon-Sorbonne masters law programs are globally ranked second by Eduniversal, behind Panthéon-Assas University ones. On the 55 master's degree ranked in 6 specialties, 4 are from Panthéon-Sorbonne University from 3 specialties, i.e. second ex aequo with Paris Dauphine University and Aix-Marseille University but with higher rankings than these two universities. They were ranked as follow
No national ranking exists in Humanities.
This list includes notable people affiliated with the Pantheon-Sorbonne University. For people affiliated with the University of Paris which ceased to exist in 1970, see List of University of Paris people.