This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Panenka (penalty kick)

In association football, the Panenka is a technique used in penalty kick-taking in which the taker, instead of kicking the ball to the left or right of the goalkeeper, gives a subtle touch underneath the ball, causing it to rise and fall within the centre of the goal, deceiving the goalkeeper who is counted on by the taker to have guessed a side and committed a dive away from the centre. It was first used by Czech player Antonín Panenka, who presented this technique to the world in the 1976 UEFA European Championship final, when he beat West German goalkeeper Sepp Maier to claim the title for the Czechoslovakian national team.[1][2] After its sensational debut in the tournament, the Panenka kick has been used on rare occasions and mostly by highly respected players who can deal with the consequences of missing such an attempt.[3][4] This style of penalty kick is also called Il cucchiaio ("the spoon") in the Italian-speaking world[5], cavadinha ("little dig") in Brazil and penal picado ("poked penalty kick") in Argentina.[6]

Technique

The aim of the technique is not to chip the ball over the goalkeeper, but to take advantage of the fact that many goalkeepers will dive to either side of the goal in anticipation, rather than waiting to see in which direction the ball is going. It is a very risky technique, because the subtle touch on the ball gives it a very slow speed, thus allowing the goalkeeper to move back from where they jumped, or even to simply remain in the same spot and wait for the ball to fall easily into their hands.[7] In addition, the subtle touch is most easily applied by a taker who slows down as he/she is about to strike the ball, making it possible for the goalkeeper to recognize what the taker is intending. The move is known for only being used by confident penalty takers who dare to risk missing the kick.[3] Some players that have used the Panenka kick have been criticized by the specialized media or their team's members and supporters.[8]

History

Panenka in 2013. His original penalty technique has been imitated by many other players.

The original penalty

Antonín Panenka came to international prominence playing for Czechoslovakia in the 1976 European Championship; Czechoslovakia reached the final, where they faced West Germany. After extra time, the result was 2–2, and so the first penalty shootout in a European Championships final ensued. The first seven kicks were converted, until West Germany's fourth penalty taker, Uli Hoeneß, ballooned his shot over the bar. With the score 4–3, Panenka stepped up to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, to win the match under immense pressure. He feigned shooting to the side of the goal, causing West German goalkeeper Sepp Maier to dive to his left, and then gently chipped the ball into the middle of the net.[9] The perceived impudence of the shot, in addition to its success, led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet", and his winning kick is one of the most famous ever, making Panenka's name synonymous with that particular style of penalty kick.[10]

Since 1976

As well as winning the 1976 European Championship, Panenka helped Czechoslovakia come third in the 1980 tournament, after scoring once again in a 9–8 penalty shootout win.[11] In the finals of the 1982 World Cup, Panenka scored twice with penalties, but these were the only Czechoslovakian goals, and the team did not progress beyond the first group stage.[12][13]

The Panenka penalty has since been successfully performed by many other players, such as Francesco Totti at UEFA Euro 2000 semi-final, Zinedine Zidane in the 2006 FIFA World Cup Final,[10] Sebastian Abreu in the 2010 FIFA World Cup quarter-final, Andrea Pirlo at UEFA Euro 2012 quarter-final,[14][15] Lionel Messi in a 2015 La Liga match against Getafe, and Alexis Sánchez both in the 2015 Copa América Final and in an Arsenal 2–1 win over Burnley in the Premier League (EPL); Sánchez is the second player to win a major tournament with the Panenka.[16] The penalty has also since been successfully duplicated by Gonzalo Pineda in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup,[10] Younis Mahmoud [17] and Omar Abdulrahman in the 2015 Asian Cup, Sergio Ramos at Euro 2012 and in Euro 2016 qualifying,[10] Hélder Postiga at Euro 2004,[10] John Stones against Juventus at the 2013 International Champions Cup,[18][19] Jozy Altidore and Alejandro Pozuelo in their first games for Toronto FC,[20][10] Memphis Depay in a 2018 UEFA Nations League match,[21] and Sofiane Diop in a 2018–19 Coupe de la Ligue quarter-final penalty shoot-out vs Stade Rennais FC.[22]

Indian striker Sunil Chhetri did it multiple times, in 2015 ISL against NorthEast United FC,[23][24] in 2017 AFC Cup inter-zonal semi-final against April 25,[25][26] in 2017−18 ISL semi-final against FC Pune City,[27][24] and in 2019 Intercontinental Cup against Tajikistan.[28][29][30]

A few who have tried the kick unsuccessfully include Brendon Santalab, Neymar,[10] Mickaël Landreau,[10] Antonio Calle, Rogério Ceni,[10] Maicosuel,[31] Raheem Sterling,[32] Marko Dević, Graham Zusi, Robin van Persie, Svetoslav Dyakov, Antonio Cassano and Alexandre Pato.[33][34]

Recently, two players have converted Panenka penalties in important matches in the same stadium where Antonin Panenka first executed it, the Rajko Mitić Stadium in Belgrade, both claiming after the match that they were unaware of the stadium's history in this regard. Aaron Ramsey of Wales did this in a World Cup Qualifier on 11 June 2017.[35] F.C. Copenhagen striker Jonas Wind did it on 6 August 2019, in his side's 1–1 draw at Red Star Belgrade in the first leg of the third qualifying round of the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League.[36]

On 7 October 2017, Jozy Altidore of the United States converted a Panenka in a 2018 World Cup qualification match against Panama, the first such attempt in United States history.[37] On 2 December 2017, Antonín Panenka's 69th birthday, Chelsea player Eden Hazard scored a Panenka penalty in a 3–1 home win over Newcastle United at Stamford Bridge.[38]

On 23 October 2019, Alejandro Pozuelo scored twice in a 2–1 win over New York City FC in the MLS Cup Playoffs Eastern Conference semi-finals, including a 90th minute Panenka-style penalty kick, which was his third of the campaign in that fashion.[39][40]

On 1 July 2020 Lionel Messi scored his 700th career goal against Atletico Madrid with a Panenka penalty.[41]

References

  1. ^ "The footballers who have moves named after them". Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  2. ^ "Antonin Panenka - the footballer Pele described as "either a genius or a madman"". Archived from the original on 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  3. ^ a b "Euro 2012: Pirlo's courage to kick a penalty like Panenka helped Italy's 4-2 win over England". The Star. Archived from the original on 2017-08-17. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
  4. ^ "Andrea Pirlo explains THAT Panenka penalty which bamboozled Joe Hart at Euro 2012". The Mirror. Archived from the original on 2018-01-14. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  5. ^ "Il rigore di Panenka" (in Italian). Storie di Calcio. Archived from the original on 21 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  6. ^ "¿Cómo nació el penal picado a lo Panenka?". Pasión Fútbol. Archived from the original on 2019-05-05. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  7. ^ "I nearly tried a cheeky panenka penalty in Champions League final, admits Drogba". The Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
  8. ^ "Fulham starlet Moussa Dembele misses 'Panenka' penalty in Youth Cup final". The Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-08-14.
  9. ^ Tom Bryant. "Football - Knowledge: the footballers who have moves named after them". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2016-12-12.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The cult of the Panenka penalty". FIFA.com. 25 June 2012. Archived from the original on 2 July 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  11. ^ "UEFA EURO 1980 - History - Czechoslovakia-Italy - UEFA.com". UEFA.com. 4 October 2003. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
  12. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain - Statistics - Players - Top goals". FIFA.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  13. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain - Groups". FIFA.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 2017-12-16. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  14. ^ "Euro 2012 analysis: Peerless Pirlo exposes England". BBC Sport. 24 June 2012. Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  15. ^ "Pirlo: 'Why I chipped Hart'". Football Italia. 24 June 2012. Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
  16. ^ "Chile 0-0 Argentina (4-1 pens): Hosts claim first Copa America title with shoot-out victory". Sky Sports. 4 July 2015. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  17. ^ ركلة جزاء يونس محمود على منتخب ايران تعليق عصام الشوالي كاس اسيا 2015. 23 January 2015. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2018 – via YouTube.
  18. ^ "Everton youngster John Stones "Out Pirlos" Andrea Pirlo in Juventus shoot out". 101 Great Goals. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  19. ^ "Everton 1 Juventus 1; 6-5 on Penalties: Match Report". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Alejandro Pozuelo Goal - March 29, 2019". Archived from the original on 31 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Samenvatting: Dominant Oranje stunt tegen Frankrijk" (in Dutch). 16 November 2018. Archived from the original on 17 November 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Coupe de la Ligue. Monaco élimine le Stade Rennais après une interminable séance de tirs au but et file en demi-finales". Ouest-France.fr. January 9, 2019. Archived from the original on March 20, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  23. ^ "ISL 2015: Chhetri scores hat-trick as Mumbai smash NorthEast 5-1 for third straight win". firstpost.com. First Post. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  24. ^ a b "All 29 Goals by Sunil Chhetri (panenka 1:15 min, 6:35 min)". hotstar.com. Hotstar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Chhetri, Udanta help Bengaluru FC cruise past April 25 in AFC Cup". espn.in. ESPN. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  26. ^ "Sunil Chhetri opens the scoring with a Panenka penalty!". youtube.com. AFC. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  27. ^ "ISL 2017/18: Sunil Chhetri explains why he took the 'Panenka' penalty in the Bengaluru FC vs FC Pune City semifinal". sportskeeda.com. SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  28. ^ "Chhetri overtakes Messi to become second-highest international goalscorer among active players". thehindu.com. The Hindu. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  29. ^ "India 2-4 Tajikistan". hotstar.com. Hotstar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  30. ^ "How to Take a Perfect Panenka?". hotstar.com. Hotstar. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  31. ^ "EPIC FAIL: Watch two moments of hilarity and anguish as Udinese miss out on Champions League". Mirror Football. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  32. ^ "EFL Cup quarter-finals: Man City beat Leicester on penalties, Burton win". BBC Sport. 2018-12-18. Archived from the original on 2018-12-18. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  33. ^ "The Anti-Panenka! Alexandre Pato's awful penalty easily saved by Dida, costs Corinthians penalty shoot-out v Gremio". 101 Great Goals. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  34. ^ "Pato perde pênalti com cavadinha, Grêmio vence o Corinthians e vai à semi" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  35. ^ "Aaron Ramsey: 'I didn't know venue was home of the Panenka!'". Mail Online. Archived from the original on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  36. ^ "Jonas Wind: WACTH Panenka penalty vs Red Star Belgrade". F.C. København. Archived from the original on 2019-08-07. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  37. ^ "United States vs. Panama - Football Match Summary - October 6, 2017 - ESPN". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on June 22, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  38. ^ Michael Hincks (2 December 2017). "Eden Hazard warning to England as Chelsea dismiss Newcastle". Eurosport. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  39. ^ Butler, Dylan (23 October 2019). "Toronto FC upsets No. 1 NYCFC 2–1 in Eastern Conference semifinals". Pro Soccer USA. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  40. ^ "Toronto FC edges New York City FC to advance to Eastern Conference final". Sportsnet. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  41. ^ "Messi joins 700 club". BBC. 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.