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Palawano language

Native toPhilippines
Native speakers
(41,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
plw – Brooke's Point Palawano
plc – Central Palawano
plv – Southwest Palawano

The Palawano languages are spoken on the province of Palawan in the Philippines.

There are three related, but not mutually intelligible, languages, each with a number of dialects, which called themselves "Palawano" (Spanish, from the endonym Palawan).[3]

The three Palawano languages share the island with several other languages which are not part of the Palawan language cluster, though they share a fair amount of vocabulary. These languages are the Kalamian languages and Molbog.


The following overview is based on Revel-MacDonald (1979).[4]


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ŋ
Lateral l
Rhotic ɾ
Approximant w j


Front Back
Close i u
Open a ɔ
Phoneme Allophones
/i/ [i], [ɪ], [e], [ɛ]
/u/ [u], [ʊ], [o]
/ɔ/ [ɔ], [ə], [ä]


  1. ^ Brooke's Point Palawano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Central Palawano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southwest Palawano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nuclear Palawan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Ethnologue Entry Palawano Family". Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  4. ^ Revel-MacDonald, Nicole. 1979. Le Palawan (Philippines): phonologie, catégories, morphologie. (Langues et civilisations de l'Asie du sud-est et du monde insulindien, 4.) Paris: SELAF.

Examples of language: