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|Our Lady of the Rosary of San Nicolás
Nuestra Señora del Rosario de San Nicolás
|Location||San Nicolás de los Arroyos Buenos Aires province, Argentina|
|Date||1884, rediscovered 1983|
|Type||Plaster statue, crowned|
|Holy See approval||local ordinary, Bishop Cardelli of Roman Catholic Diocese of San Nicolás de los Arroyos|
|Shrine||Sanctuary of Our Lady of Rosary of San Nicolás, Buenos Aires province, Argentina|
Our Lady of the Rosary of San Nicolás is, in Catholicism, a title of veneration of the Virgin Mary associated with a reported private revelation to Gladys Quiroga de Motta, a middle-aged housewife, beginning in the 1980s in city of San Nicolás de los Arroyos, Argentina). Quiroga said that she was tasked with promoting devotion to the Mother of God under this title, with an emphasis on key passages in the Bible and a particular mystical stellar symbolism. The devotional image, that of a standing Madonna offering rosary beads to the faithful, resembles that of Our Lady of Mount Carmel offering the scapular to St. Simon Stock, while differing from traditional Dominican Seat-of-Wisdom-type depictions of Our Lady of the Rosary popularized by the Order of Preachers.
A century later an Argentinian lay woman Gladys Quiroga de Motta reportedly received a number of private revelations from the Virgin Mary, beginning in 1983 on the September 25, a date now commemorated as the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary of San Nicolás. Announced by unusually radiant, glowing rosary beads and followed by a number of brief visions, Gladys subsequently received repeated interior locutions, beginning on October 13 the anniversary of apparitions at Fátima. Specific messages led to the discovery—and restoration to veneration—of a long-neglected statue of a Madonna carrying the Christ Child. Occurring at the close of the twentieth century the messages mirror those given at the beginning of the twentieth century where the Virgin Mary reportedly identified herself as the Lady of the Rosary at Fátima in Portugal. Following approval of the spiritual merits by local religious authorities, a new church dedicated to Marian devotion under this title was erected as requested by Our Lady during the apparitions.
Every September 25, the city of San Nicolás hosts hundreds of thousands of pilgrims and faithful who meet to venerate and honor the statue of Our Lady of the Rosary of St Nicholas. In 2003, on the twentieth anniversary of the first alleged apparition of Our Lady, the second largest group ever congregated: 400,000 faithful. Pilgrims came from all the provinces of Argentina, with a group of more than 1,000 people from Buenos Aires who travelled the whole 240 km distance on foot: a distance three times greater than that from Buenos Aires to the national Basilica of Our Lady of Luján. On September 25, 2013, thirty years after the first apparition of Our Lady, 500.000 people gathered surpassing the record of 2004 when the greatest number of pilgrims visited.
The church was built according to plans to accommodate 8,000 to 9,000 people standing within the ground floor and special mezzanines. Additional terraces and esplandades were built to accommodate greater numbers at outdoor events.
The 24-meter diameter dome (exterior 27 meters), comprising a vertical arrangement of 64 sections of reinforced concrete faced on the exterior with copper plating, is visible from many locations in the city. Construction in currently 70% complete.
On May 25, 2014 the interior of the Sanctuary was inaugurated in its entirety.
In August 1990, the French theologian René Laurentin, an expert in Marian devotions, published the results of his study of the apparitions in over 163 pages produced during his visit to the city. He acknowledged a collaboration with Monsignor Domingo Salvador Castagna|es, Marie Helene Sutter de Gall and Father Carlos Pérez, the priest in whom Gladys Motta confided her spiritual experiences.
In 1994, the historian Cayetano Bruno|es from the nearby city of Rosario seat of the Archbishop Metropolitan of the suffran diocese of San Nicolás published his "History of the Manifestations of Our Lady of the Rosary of St Nicholas" compiled from testimonies and official records kept in the Archives of the Sanctuary.
A 1990 book titled "Messages" records a compendium of the messages in the words of the visionary Gladys Motta as received during apparitions since 1987. In a similar fashion 1991, Victor Martinez published his book titled "Who is this woman?"
A medal, developed upon a request received during the apparitions, features an impression of the statue of Our Lady of the Rosary on the front. On the obverse, ten stars are arranged in a traditional vesica piscis format indicating the two natures of Christ. A distinctive three-and-seven arrangement resembles that found on the Order of Charles III. The lower three stars are conjoined as vertices of an isosceles triangle signifying the perichoresis of the indwelling of the three Divine persons in the Trinity. The remaining seven call to mind the graces of faith in Jesus Christ celebrated in seven sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church: the 7 gifts of the Holy Spirit, the 7 infused virtues, contrition for the 7 mortal sins, and the 7 corporal works of mercy and the 7 spiritual works of mercy.[which?]
In a decree signed on May 22, 2016 and made public a few days later, Héctor Cardelli, Bishop of the Diocese of San Nicolás, declared that the apparitions that took place in city of San Nicolás were supernatural in origin. The devotion is thus approved at the Diocesan level within the Catholic Church.