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Otsego County, New York

Otsego County, New York
County
County of Otsego
Otsego County Bank Building 19 Main Street Cooperstown.jpg
Original Otsego County Bank, in Cooperstown
Flag of Otsego County, New York
Flag
Seal of Otsego County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Otsego County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1791
Seat Cooperstown
Largest city Oneonta
Area
 • Total 1,016 sq mi (2,631 km2)
 • Land 1,002 sq mi (2,595 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 1.4%
Population
 • (2010) 62,259
 • Density 62/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.otsegocounty.com

Otsego County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,259.[1] The county seat is Cooperstown.[2] The name Otsego is from a Mohawk or Oneida word meaning "place of the rock."[3]

History

Map of Otsego County, at its formation
Map of Otsego County, New York, by Simeon De Witt c. 1792-1793
1829 map of Otsego County, New York

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, as it included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

Formation

Otsego County was one of three early counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Herkimer and Tioga) after the American Revolutionary War. Otsego County was officially established on February 16, 1791, with Cooperstown as its county seat, although at the time the village of Cherry Valley was much larger. The original county consisted of three large townships:

Otsego and Cherry Valley together roughly covered the area of modern Otsego County, while Harpersfield covered the area south of the current county as far as the Delaware River.

The original appointments to Otsego County government positions, made by Governor George Clinton included:

  • Richard R. Smith, county sheriff, from Otsego township,
  • Jacob Morris, county clerk, from Otsego township,
  • William Cooper, chief judge, from Otsego township,
  • Jedediah Peck, associate justice from Otsego township,
  • Edward Griswold, associate justice from Cherry Valley
  • Platt Townsend, associate justice from Harpersfield,
  • Alexander Harper, commander of the county militia, from Harpersfield.

New towns

By 1793, four towns had been added to the county by division of the existing towns:

In 1795, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Albany County to create Schoharie County.

In 1797, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Ulster County to create Delaware County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,016 square miles (2,630 km2), of which 1,002 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4]

Otsego County is in central New York State, to the west of Albany, southeast of Utica, and northeast of Binghamton. The county is part of the Central New York Region and Mohawk Valley Region of New York State. The county is considered by some to belong to the Southern Tier region of New York State.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 21,343
1810 38,802 81.8%
1820 44,856 15.6%
1830 51,372 14.5%
1840 49,628 −3.4%
1850 48,638 −2.0%
1860 50,157 3.1%
1870 48,967 −2.4%
1880 51,397 5.0%
1890 50,861 −1.0%
1900 48,939 −3.8%
1910 47,216 −3.5%
1920 46,200 −2.2%
1930 46,710 1.1%
1940 46,082 −1.3%
1950 50,763 10.2%
1960 51,942 2.3%
1970 56,181 8.2%
1980 59,075 5.2%
1990 60,517 2.4%
2000 61,676 1.9%
2010 62,259 0.9%
Est. 2016 60,097 [5] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 61,676 people, 23,291 households, and 15,115 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 28,481 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 1.75% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. 15.0% were of Irish, 14.9% English, 14.9% German, 11.3% Italian and 9.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.4% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 23,291 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,444, and the median income for a family was $41,110. Males had a median income of $29,988 versus $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,806. About 8.80% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 51.9% 13,308 40.7% 10,451 7.4% 1,909
2012 47.5% 11,461 50.2% 12,117 2.3% 561
2008 46.0% 12,026 52.0% 13,570 2.0% 525
2004 50.1% 13,342 47.7% 12,723 2.2% 587
2000 48.2% 12,219 45.2% 11,460 6.6% 1,679
1996 36.4% 8,774 47.5% 11,470 16.1% 3,882
1992 38.1% 10,141 39.4% 10,471 22.5% 5,994
1988 53.5% 13,021 45.5% 11,069 1.0% 245
1984 63.3% 16,777 36.1% 9,582 0.6% 152
1980 49.4% 11,814 36.8% 8,795 13.8% 3,298
1976 59.8% 14,796 39.5% 9,787 0.7% 171
1972 68.6% 17,364 31.2% 7,898 0.2% 59
1968 59.7% 13,543 35.2% 7,981 5.2% 1,172
1964 36.2% 8,643 63.7% 15,190 0.1% 26
1960 68.7% 17,422 31.2% 7,899 0.1% 26
1956 77.5% 19,484 22.5% 5,644 0.0% 0
1952 76.8% 20,304 23.1% 6,115 0.1% 27
1948 66.6% 15,437 30.9% 7,174 2.5% 586
1944 66.2% 15,427 33.7% 7,849 0.2% 37
1940 68.0% 16,771 31.6% 7,798 0.3% 78
1936 67.4% 16,682 31.5% 7,807 1.1% 276
1932 64.1% 14,904 34.9% 8,114 1.1% 247
1928 74.3% 18,286 24.4% 6,006 1.3% 314
1924 65.7% 13,573 28.3% 5,841 6.1% 1,256
1920 63.9% 12,112 33.1% 6,275 3.0% 574
1916 48.2% 5,926 48.6% 5,975 3.3% 403
1912 40.7% 5,138 42.2% 5,338 17.1% 2,165
1908 53.4% 7,459 42.8% 5,975 3.9% 543
1904 55.4% 7,770 40.9% 5,725 3.7% 519
1900 54.8% 7,893 42.7% 6,142 2.5% 359
1896 56.4% 8,161 40.2% 5,820 3.4% 496
1892 49.5% 7,095 44.7% 6,408 5.8% 833
1888 51.0% 7,829 45.4% 6,972 3.7% 565
1884 43.8% 6,871 52.9% 8,307 3.3% 516

Otsego County is a true swing county and bellwether; it has chosen the winner of the presidency for the last three decades. In 2004, Otsego County voted 51-48 percent in favor of George W. Bush. In 2008 and 2012, Otsego County voted in favor of Barack Obama. Democrats are prevalent in the City of Oneonta and Village of Cooperstown, whereas the majority of voters in many of the surrounding towns are registered Republicans.

Otsego County is the only county in New York that names its legislative body the Board of Representatives. It consists of members elected from 14 single-member districts. The Board Chair is Kathleen Clark (R). The county also has an elected County Attorney, County Auditor, County Clerk, and County Sheriff.

Media

Along with Herkimer County and the eastern portion of Oneida County, Otsego County is considered part of the Utica television market.[12]

Economy

The Village of Cooperstown (home of James Fenimore Cooper, whose father William Cooper founded it) is located at the south end of Otsego Lake. It attracts many tourists to the Baseball Hall of Fame and the New York State Historical Association museums. Cultural attractions also include the Glimmerglass Opera, with a summer season that draws many repeat visitors for stays.

The primary contributor to the economy is healthcare: Bassett Medical Center, the headquarters of Bassett Healthcare Network and its more than 3,000 employees, is located here.

The City of Oneonta has two institutions of higher education: Hartwick College and the State University of New York at Oneonta; A.O. Fox Memorial Hospital, an affiliate of the Bassett Network; major retail activity; and numerous small businesses. The county as a whole remains relatively rural, with dairy farming a contributing industry that has consolidated employment in recent years, although production has remained steady.

Communities

Map of Otsego County NY to accompany Bacon's History 1902

City

Towns

Villages

Census-designated places

Hamlets

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Beauchamp, William Martin (1907). Aboriginal Place Names of New York (New York State Museum Bulletin, Volume 108). New York State Education Department. p. 174. Retrieved August 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ [uselectionatlas.org]
  12. ^ "WKTV.com | WKTV bringing CBS affiliation to Utica". WKTV.com. 2015-10-26. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 

Further reading

External links