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Orthosia (Caria)

Orthosia (Ancient Greek: Ὀρθωσία) was a town of ancient Caria, inhabited during Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times.[1] It was not far from Alabanda, on the left bank of the Maeander River, and apparently on or near a hill of the same name.[2][3] Near this town the Rhodians gained a victory over the Carians.[4][5][6][7] It was the seat of a bishop from an early date,[8] and, while no longer a residential bishopric, it remains under the name Orthosias in Caria a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.[9]

Its site is located near Ortas in Asiatic Turkey.[1][10]

References

  1. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p. 650. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  3. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 37.25.
  4. ^ Polybius. The Histories. 30.5.
  5. ^ Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 45.25.
  6. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 5.2.19.
  7. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.29, 37.9, 37.25.
  8. ^ Hierocles. Synecdemus. p. 688.
  9. ^ Catholic Hierarchy
  10. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Orthosia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.