Jebel Tamejout - Grotte du Chameau (Zegzel)
|• Wali (Governor)||Mohamed Mhidia|
|• President||Abdenbi Bioui|
|• Total||90,127 km2 (34,798 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
Oriental (Arabic: الشرق, Ash-Sharq; Berber: Tagmuḍant, ⵜⴰⴳⵎⵓⴹⴰⵏⵜ) is one of the twelve regions of Morocco, located in the eastern part of the country. It covers an area of 90,127 km² and has a population of 2,314,346 (2014 census).
A majority of the population of Oriental speak Moroccan Darija Arabic (86.2%) as a first or second language. A large minority speak the Rif-Berber language (38.4%) as a first language. Small numbers speak Eastern Middle Atlas Tamazight and Figuig Tamazight, principally in the south of Oriental.
The English name Oriental is derived from the French term L'Oriental (for "the east") and comes directly from the Latin orientalis, "of the east", being that the region is located in the east of Morocco. The Arabic name Ash-Sharq also means "the east", as does the Berber name Tagmuḍant (from agmuḍan).
Oriental is situated in the eastern part of the country, with a northern coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. The regions of Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate, Fès-Boulemane and Meknès-Tafilalet lie to its west, with the Algerian provinces of Tlemcen and Naâma to its east and Béchar to the south. Melilla, a Spanish autonomous city, also borders the region. In 2015, Oriental was expanded to include Guercif Province.
The region is made up into the following prefectures and provinces:
|Beni Ensar / Aït Nsar||Nador Province||56,582|
|Al Aaroui||Nador Province||47,599|
|El Aioun Sidi Mellouk||Taourirt Province||41,832|
|Sidi Slimane Echcharraa||Berkane Province||30,202|
|Bni Chiker||Nador Province||26,884|
|Oulad Settout||Nador Province||23,218|
|Bni Tadjite||Figuig Province||16,149|
|Ben Taieb||Driouch Province||14,257|
|Ain Bni Mathar||Jerada Province||13,526|