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|Order of the Crown of Italy|
Ordine della Corona d'Italia
Star of the Grand Cordon set of the Order
|Awarded by |
The Head of the Italian Royal Family
|Type||Dynastic Order of Knighthood|
|Established||20 February 1868|
|Royal house||House of Savoy|
|Awarded for||Meritorious Service or Achievement|
|Founder||King Victor Emmanuel II|
|Grand Master||Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples|
|Chairman of the Council||Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice|
|Grades||Grand Cordon, Special Class|
|Next (higher)||Royal Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus|
|Next (lower)||Royal Civil Order of Savoy|
Royal Military Order of Savoy
The Order of the Crown of Italy, Italian: Ordine della Corona d'Italia, was founded as a national order in 1868 by King Vittorio Emanuele II, to commemorate the unification of Italy in 1861. It was awarded in five degrees for civilian and military merit.
Compared with the older Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572), the Order of the Crown of Italy was awarded more liberally and could be conferred on non-Catholics as well; eventually, it became a requirement for a person to have already received the Order of the Crown of Italy in at least the same degree before receiving the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus.
The order has been suppressed by law since the foundation of the Republic in 1946. However, Umberto II did not abdicate his position as fons honorum and it remained under his Grand Mastership as a dynastic order. While the continued use of those decorations conferred prior to 1951 is permitted in Italy, the crowns on the ribbons issued before 1946 must be substituted for as many five pointed stars on military uniforms.
The various degrees of the order, with corresponding ribbons, were as follows:
|Ribbon||Class (English)||Class (Italian)||Manner of wear|
|1st Class / Knight/Dame Grand Cordon||Gran Cordone||Badge on sash on right shoulder, plus star on left chest|
|2nd Class / Grand Officer||Grande Ufficiale dell'Ordine della Corona d'Italia||Star on left chest|
|3rd Class / Commander||Commendatore dell'Ordine della Corona d'Italia||Badge on necklet|
|4th Class / Officer||Ufficiale dell'Ordine della Corona d'Italia||Badge on ribbon with rosette on left chest|
|5th Class / Knight||Cavaliere dell'Ordine della Corona d'Italia||Badge on ribbon on left chest|
|Repubblica Italiana e Casa Savoia|
Members of the order have included:
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