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Ophioviridae

Ophioviridae
EM of Ophiovirus.jpg
Electron microscopy of the Citrus psorosis virus.
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Order: Unassigned
Family: Ophioviridae
Genera

Ophioviridae is a family of viruses characterized by an elongated and highly filamentous and flexible nucleocapsid with helical symmetry.[1][2]

The protein capsid is non-enveloped and has a constant diameter of 1500–2500 nm and a width of 3 nm, or 9 nm. The capsids form kinked circles, which can collapse to form linear duplex structures, much like a spring.[2]

The entire genome is 1100–1200 nucleotides long.[2][3]

Taxonomy

The family has one genus, Ophiovirus, which has seven recognized species. Members of both the family and the genus are referred to as ophioviruses.[2]

  • Order Unassigned
    • Family Ophioviridae
      • Genus Ophiovirus
        • Species:
          • Blueberry mosaic associated virus
          • Citrus psorosis virus (type species)
          • Freesia sneak virus
          • Lettuce ring necrosis virus
          • Mirafiori lettuce big-vein virus
          • Ranunculus white mottle virus
          • Tulip mild mottle mosaic virus

References

  1. ^ García, María Laura; Bó, Elena Dal; da Graça, John V.; Gago-Zachert, Selma; Hammond, John; Moreno, Pedro; Natsuaki, Tomohide; Pallás, Vicente; Navarro, Jose A.; Reyes, Carina A.; Luna, Gabriel Robles; Sasaya, Takahide; Tzanetakis, Ioannis E.; Vaira, Anna María; Verbeek, Martin (21 June 2017). "ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Ophioviridae". Journal of General Virology. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.000836.
  2. ^ a b c d "ICTV Report Ophioviridae".
  3. ^ ICTVdB Management (2006). 00.094.0.01. Ophiovirus. In: ICTVdB—The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA.

External links